Presentation on theme: "Methods of communication"— Presentation transcript:
1 Methods of communication ICT IGCSEMethods of communication
2 Objectives:You should have an understanding of a wide range of work-related IT applications and their effects, including:communication applicationsthe Internetelectronic mailfaxelectronic conferencingmobile telephonesInternet telephony (VOIP) services
3 Why Use IT to Help Communicate Information? We often have ideas or information that we wish to communicate with others, either personally, or as part of our work.There are two main types of communication:BusinessPersonal
4 Examples of personal communication: You may want to tell your friends about a party that you are having, or you may want to let others know how about the impact of climate change.
5 Examples of business communication: In business, you may want to tell the world about a new product that your company has just created (this is called marketing), or you have information that you need to pass on to all of the employees in the business. In all of these examples, IT can be used to help pass on the message.
6 Good communication is essential to every organisation: communication between organisations, and communication between parts of a single organisation (e.g. between offices in different countries). A wide variety of communication systems are used.
7 The old way:Before the Internet, most business communication was via telephone, fax, telex (a way of sending text messages that printed out on a printer), or by using mail - the old-fashioned paper version!
8 is a system that allows messages to be sent and received by computers. is the most common form of electronic communication.messages are text-based, but other types of file can also be sent as ‘attachments’.s that are received wait in a user's inbox until the user is ready to read them. (Unlike a telephone call, the user is free to ignore s until they have time to deal with them.)
9 addressesTo send and receive , you need to have an address.An address is made up of two parts: a username and an provider, with an symbol in the middle:
10 To The address(es) of the person who the message is for An message usually has the following parts:To The address(es) of the person who the message is forSubject A short sentence describing what the message is aboutMessage The text of the message. This can be as long as you like
11 An e-mail may also include CC The address(es) of people to copy the to (Carbon Copy)BCC The address(es) of people to copy the to without anyone else knowing (Blind Carbon Copy)Attachments Files linked to the message (images, documents, etc.)
13 Advantages Very fast Can be sent to many people at the same time Sender has a copy of theAttachments
14 Disadvantages No audible alert (unlike texts) Address issues CC & privacy issuesSecurity of data transferSpam
15 Video ConferencingVideo-conferencing is a system that allows people to have conversations and meetings with other people in different locations, but without leaving their office. A video-conference involves people sitting in front of a camera and a microphone, whilst watching other people of a screen and listening to them through loudspeakers.
17 The system uses the following hardware: Video cameraMonitorMicrophoneLoudspeakersHigh-speed network / Internet connection
18 Advantages & Disadvantages: Video conferencing is very popular with businesses as it means:No travel costsNo time wasted travelling to other cities / countriesCan organise meetings at short notice
19 However there are some problems with video conferencing: Less personal than face-to-face meetingsDocuments (e.g. contracts) cannot be signedPoor internet connection speeds or network issues can cause problems
20 Mobile TelephonesMobile telephones allow people to be away from their workplace, yet still be contactable. This means that people can still work, even when out of the office.
21 Modern smart-phones can perform a wide variety of tasksMake and receive telephone calls just about anywhereSend a receive SMS (short message service) messagesSend and receiveSend and receive files such as images, text documents, etc.Edit documents
22 The downside:Workers never get a chance to 'switch off' since they can always be contacted - can be stressfulMobiles are easy to lose, and often contain a lot of personal and/or business information. A lost mobile could be embarrassing / damaging if the wrong people got hold of itBattery issues
23 Internet Telephony / Voice Over IP (VOIP) 'Internet Telephony' means a telephone system that uses the Internet 'VOIP' means Voice Over IP, where IP means Internet Protocol - the system that the Internet uses to transfer all data
25 Instead of using the normal telephone network (designed to carry voices using analogue signals), VOIP systems send voices through the Internet as digital data, just like any other Internet data (e.g. s, files, webpages, etc.) In other words, VOIP systems use your Internet connection to send and receive phone calls.
26 VOIP systems can work in several ways: VOIP software can be installed on a computer. Calls are then made using a headset (headphones / microphone) or by using a special USB handset (looks just like a normal phone)Special VOIP telephones can be plugged directly into the network (or can connect wirelessly using WiFi)
27 Advantages of VOIP No telephone line is required Call costs are very low, especially for long-distance callsCan include videoCan be used to send SMS – easier and quicker than texting using a mobile phone
28 Disadvantages Require special hardware and an Internet connection Not as reliable as normal phones, so cannot be relied upon for emergency calls (911, or 999)Call quality depends on the speed of the Internet connection
29 Fax Fax is short for ‘facsimile’ which means ‘copy’. Faxes have been used for many years as a quick way of sharing documents. However, now most people have access to a computer, attachments are more commonly used. One reason that faxes are still used is that most businesses would accept a document such as a contract that had been signed, and sent by fax. (Electronically signing attachments is not yet widespread.)
30 A fax machine is a device that can send a copy of a paper document over the telephone network. The sending fax converts the light/dark areas of the printed document into noises.These noises travel through the phone system and are received by another fax machine.The receiving fax machine converts the noises into printed marks on a piece of paper - making a copy of the original document.
31 Disadvantages Low quality - images are especially poor Slow to send (compared to )Paper issuesPrivacy issues