Five Fundamental Changes 1. The Rise of Democracy and Improved Governance 2. Stronger Economic Policies 3. The End of the Debt Crisis and Improved Donor Relations 4. The Rise of New Technologies 5. The Emergence of a New Generation
Major Changes in the Emerging Countries: Economic Policy Reform, Political Change, and Per Capita Income
Incidence of Domestic Conflict Average number of incidents per year per country group
African Leaders Departure From Power Source: Daniel N. Posner and Daniel J. Young, 2007, “The Institutionalization of Political Power in Africa,” Journal of Democracy 18-3 (July), pp. 128.
Governance Indicators Source: World Bank Institute Rule of LawRegulatory Quality YearEmergingNon-emergingEmergingNon-emerging 1996-0.47-0.77-0.49-0.64 2008-0.24-0.99-0.25-1.01 Government EffectivenessPolitical Stability EmergingNon-emergingEmergingNon-emerging 1996-0.46-0.71-0.39-0.40 2008-0.29-1.100.01-0.84 Control of CorruptionVoice & Accountability EmergingNon-emergingEmergingNon-emerging 1996-0.49-0.55-0.10-0.69 2008-0.15-0.800.03-1.19
2. Stronger Economic Policies Prevalence of “Anti-Growth Syndromes”