Helen Frankenthaler Born: December 12, 1928 Nationality: American Movements: Color Field Painting, Abstract Expressionism, Lyrical Abstraction The Color Field artists set themselves apart from the Abstract Expressionists because they eliminated the emotional, mythic or the religious content and the highly personal and gestural and painterly application. Style Characteristics: large areas of a more or less flat single color. Color Field painting is characterized primarily by large fields of flat, solid color, spread across or stained into the canvas
Wassily Kandinsky Lived: 1866-1944 Nationality: Russian Credited with painting the first modern abstract works. "music is the ultimate teacher,” Style Characteristics: Illustrated music using geometric shapes, lines, and bright colors
Joan Miro Lived:1893-1983 Nationality: Spanish Joan Miro is known for his playful art. His emblematic images make a naive, childlike impression at first sight. In contrast to the image of his art, he was a solid, hard-working man who preferred to come to gallery exhibitions in dark business suits. Style: Automatic Drawing Characteristics: Uses formats of stripes, targets, simple geometric patterns and references to landscape imagery and to nature.
Joan Miro Automatic Drawing: Developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. The hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the paper. In applying chance and accident to mark-making, drawing is to a large extent freed of rational control. The drawing produced may be attributed in part to the subconscious and may reveal something of the psyche, which would otherwise be repressed.
Piet Mondrian Birth name: Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan Lived: 1872 - 1944 Nationality : Dutch Style Characteristics : A precise mathematical grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the use of the three primary colors.
Henri Matisse Henri Matisse Lived: 1869-1954 Nationality: French From 1944 to the end of his life, he produced cut-paper collages called gouaches découpés. He cut shapes from colored paper and pasted them onto fields of white. These works, which achieve an ultimate blending of Matisse's vibrant color with the energetic flow of his line, are considered by many to be his best.
Frank Stella Born: May 12, 1936 Nationality: American Movement: Modernism, Minimal Art, Abstract Expressionism, Geometric abstraction, Abstract Illusionism, Lyrical Abstraction, Hard-edge painting, Shaped canvas painting, Color field painting 1970s Stella's style underwent a dramatic change. The carefully constructed geometric designs executed in flat planes of color were replaced by a "looser" style sometimes reminiscent of graffiti