Presentation on theme: "Humanitarian coordination S3.1 session day 5 3 training delivered by lead partners Habitat for Humanity, RedR and Shelter Centre on 2 nd to 9 th July 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Humanitarian coordination S3.1 session day 5 3 training delivered by lead partners Habitat for Humanity, RedR and Shelter Centre on 2 nd to 9 th July 2011 in Thailand approved by the Advisory Group members 1 26 Humanitarian coordination
Developing a session plan Text Dimension 24 Arial Position: Horizontal 5.44 Vertical 2.40 Text Dimension: 20 Arial By the end of this session, you will have an understanding of Objective 1 Context and aims of coordination Objective 2 Coordination process Objective 3 The humanitarian reform process Objective 4 The cluster system Objective 5 Humanitarian development coordination Learning objectives
Developing a session plan Coordination is the harmonious and effective working together of people and organisations towards a common goal Prasad Sevekari, WASH cluster coordinator Objective 1 Context and aims of coordination What do we mean by coordination?
Developing a session plan Shared needs analysis Agree on equitable and sustainable common solutions Identify gaps in assistance provision Reduce overlapping in response Increase efficiency and effectiveness through shared resources Coordination is the responsibility of all! Objective 1 Context and aims of coordination What are the main aims of coordination?
Developing a session plan Who are the actors in a disaster response? Government Levels of coordination Strategic plan Programme plan Project plan Affected population National civil defence & security forces Private sector Academia International peacekeepers Donors Implementing agency Coordinating agency
Developing a session plan Discussion in groups Task 1 List ALL the key stakeholders in disaster coordination Identify the benefits of coordination to each stakeholder Discussion in groups Write down key points 15 minutes coordination
Developing a session plan Coordination may happen within: Ad-hoc frameworks, such as between an agency and implementing partners Mandated frameworks, such as a cluster process Objective 1 Context and aims of coordination
Developing a session plan Levels and stakeholders National stakeholders Line ministries Civil defence National Red Cross Societies NGOs CBOs Professional institutions Private sector International stakeholders Donors IFIs UN agencies International Organisations NGOs Private sector Academia Military International humanitarian community Objective 2 Coordination process National government
Developing a session plan Good Coordination Clear Objectives and strategies Agreed Responsibilities Good Information Exchange Commitment to the process Good coordination results from...
Developing a session plan So what is Humanitarian reform? What brought it about? An effort by the international humanitarian community (2005) to: Improve the effectiveness of humanitarian response Ensure greater predictability, accountability and partnership Reach more beneficiaries Establish more comprehensive needs-based relief and protection In a more effective and timely manner Objective 3 The humanitarian reform process
Developing a session plan Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) responsible for effective leadership and coordination in humanitarian emergencies Humanitarian financing adequate, timely and flexible mechanisms to secure funding Cluster system to increase response capacity, sectoral accountability and predictability in leadership Strong humanitarian partnership: to enhance coordination between actors in a crisis response Objective 3 The humanitarian reform process The three Pillars of reform
Developing a session plan www.humanitarianreform.org Objective 3 The humanitarian reform process
Developing a session plan Endorsed by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) in order to address identified gaps in humanitarian response (2005). Ensure sufficient global capacity Provide Predictable leadership Strengthen accountability Improved strategic field-level coordination and prioritising Objective 4 Cluster system
Developing a session plan Benefits Strategic response, avoiding gaps and duplication Consensus on responsibilities, reflecting organisations’ capabilities Systems for sharing information Early joint assessment and prioritisation of needs Improved inter-sectoral communication Objective 4 Cluster system
Developing a session plan ClusterGlobal Cluster Lead Agency AgricultureFAO Camp coordination, camp management UNHCR (conflict IDP’s) & IOM Early recoveryUNDP EducationUNICEF & Save the Children UK Emergency shelterUNHCR (conflict IDP’s) & IFRC Emergency telecommunicationOCHA, UNICEF, WFP HealthWHO LogisticsWFP NutritionUNICEF ProtectionUNHCR, OHCHR, UNICEF Water, sanitation and hygieneUNICEF Food securityFAO, WFP Objective 4 Cluster system So how many clusters are there and who are the lead agencies?
Developing a session plan Global cluster head agency Global cluster partners CCCMUNHCR IOM OCHA CARE International Danish Refugee Council Norwegian Refugee Council International Rescue Committee Lutheran World Federation Shelter Centre UNEP Objective 4 Cluster system Example cluster
Developing a session plan Objective 4 Cluster system Cross-cutting themes ClusterGlobal Cluster Lead Agency Age Environment Gender HIV / AIDS Help Age International UNEP UNFPA & WHO UNAIDS
Developing a session plan Objective 5 Humanitarian - Development coordination HC = Humanitarian Coordinator RC = Resident Coordinator UNDG = United Nations Development Group UNDAF = United Nations Development Assistant Framework HC Clusters Emergency Response Funds Government recovery and development mechanisms Government response mechanisms Humanitarian funds International financial institutions Transitional and development funds RC UNDG UNDAF Crisis Humanitarian objective Joint activities DevelopmentHumanitarian
Developing a session plan Text Dimension 24 Arial Position: Horizontal 5.44 Vertical 2.40 Text Dimension: 20 Arial Any questions Share your experiences Do you have any comments or experiences you would like to share? Do you have any questions? Any questions?
Developing a session plan Text Dimension 24 Arial Position: Horizontal 5.44 Vertical 2.40 Text Dimension: 20 Arial Title BOLD Publisher: Regular S3.1 session day training delivered by lead partners Habitat for Humanity, RedR and Shelter Centre on 2 nd to 9 th July 2011 in Thailand approved by the Advisory Group members Further reading Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination Centre of Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance, 2000 Literature Review for Shelter after Disaster Shelter Centre, 2011 http://goodintents.org/uncategorized/coordi nation-after-a-disaster IASC Cluster approach 2nd phase April 2010