Presentation on theme: "Why do people/nations construct boundaries?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Why do people/nations construct boundaries? Warm up:Why do people/nations construct boundaries?
2 Objective:To interpret maps to explain the differences between political land units (cities, states, countries) and interpret how political borders (natural or man-made) are created.
3 Nation: a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity.State: an independent unit that occupies a specific territory and has full control of its internal and external affairs. Often the term “country” is used to mean state.Nation-state: when a nation and state occupy the same territory.
4 Examples:Are the following a: nation, state or nation-state? -Israel? nation-state -Canada? state -Cherokees? nation -India? -Japan?
5 Two types of boundaries Natural Political BoundariesArtificial Boundaries (man-made)
6 Natural Political Boundaries Based on physical featuresRiversLakesMountainsDesert
10 The Sahara Desert separates Algeria and Libya from Mali, Niger and Chad.
11 Artificial Boundaries (man-made) A fixed line drawn by governmentOften follows lines of latitude and longitude or some other human construct (surveys)
12 The boundary between U. S The boundary between U.S. and Canada lies mostly along the 49 degree North latitude line.
13 Four corners boundaries: Utah, Colorado, New Arizona and New Mexico.
14 Why are nations so protective of their boundaries?
15 1. Palestine and Israel Border Conflicts After World War II, in May of 1948 the modern state of Israel was establishedMultitude of reasons, but also to establish a nation for the Jewish population—who were recently victimized in the Holocaust (WWII)Result: dispute over territories (ex. Gaza Strip), which has resulted in many deaths, destruction and warfare
16 2. India and Pakistan Border Conflicts Divided by Indian Independence Act 1947Ended: 1. British Indian Empire and 2. British RajDecision based on religion: 1. Islam (Pakistan) and 2. Hindi (India)Result: displaced people, nuclear conflict, armed engagements,
17 ProblemsWhen these political boundaries were created, tribal lands, allegiances and religious affiliations were often ignored