Presentation on theme: "The Schlieffen Plan "Paris for lunch, St. Petersburg for dinner.""— Presentation transcript:
1 The Schlieffen Plan"Paris for lunch, St. Petersburg for dinner."
2 The Schlieffen PlanYears before the start of World War 1, Alfred Graf Von Schlieffen devised a plan for the invasion of France through Belgium. This became known as the "Schlieffen plan".On August 2nd 1914 the Schlieffen Plan was put into action when Germany invaded Luxemburg and Belgium.The Germans soon realized that the Belgian army wouldn't be as easy as they first thought and the Belgians held their ground.The Germans were shocked at how quickly the British Expeditionary Force reached France and Belgium, they were also surprised by the Russian advance on East Prussia.
3 The French 5th army and the Brittish advanced into the gap,splitting the 2 German armies. In the next 3 days German forces were unable to break through the allied lines.The French 6th army came very close to being defeated but were saved by 6000 reserves who were rushed to the front line in taxi cabs from Paris.On the 9th of September Von Moltke ordered Von Bulow and Von Kluck to retreat.The Brittish and French forces could now cross the Marne,and the Schlieffen plan had failed.The German army had not been beaten though and had a succesful retreat and the trenches they built between the Swiss border and the North sea killed any hopes of a short war.
4 Sum Up….-The Schlieffen Plan failed. Germany has not been defeated – they just retreated.-This created a divide between Germany (Triple Alliance) and France (Triple Entente)-What did each side do?-Each side starts digging trenches. Why?-A stalemate ensued where neither side advanced. This was the beginning of the realization that this was NOT going to be a short war.
5 Canada Prepares for War “When Britain is at war, Canada is at war. There is no distinction."Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier
6 The British Commonwealth in Arms This poster depicts New Zealand, Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, and South Africa supporting Britain in arms. These British Dominions would eventually contribute more than 1.4 million service personnel to the British war effort from 1914 to 1918.
7 Canada’s War-In 1914, Canada was a self-governing dominion of the British Empire, but it did not control its own foreign affairs.-The Canadian government would decide the nature and extent of Canada's war effort, but legally the country was at war the instant Britain declared one.
8 Enthusiastic Reaction to War -Canadians marched and sang in the streets at the declaration of war in early August 1914.-In an unprecedented burst of patriotic enthusiasm, Canadians enlisted from across the country.-Because prewar Canada had a very small permanent armed force, citizen-soldiers would form most of the new Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF).
9 Training at Valcartier -Valcartier, Quebec was the primary training base for the First Canadian Contingent in 1914.