2 Beliefs About God -Athiest - no God -Monotheistic - one God -Polytheistic - multiple gods-Deism - God with no interest in us-Agnostic - God’s existence can’t be known
3 Discussion Questions1. Why did you accept or reject any of the statements?2. Which of the statements must a Catholic believe?3. Which statements are, in your judgement, clearly false? Why?
4 St. Thomas Aquinas’s “Proofs”: Proofs for God's ExistenceSt. Thomas Aquinas’s “Proofs”:1. The Unmoved Mover - Whatever is in motion, has to be moved by something else2. First Cause - Nothing causes itself3. Everything Comes from Something - Nothing can’t create something4. Supreme Model - Perfect model of goodness, truth, beauty is the perfect being we call God5. Grand Designer - He made it all
5 Heartfelt Proofs“Desire for God is written in the human heart, because man is created by God and for God”1. An Unquenchable thirst for joy and happiness2. An experience of beauty and truth3. A sense of personal conscience, moral goodness and justice4. Love
6 Scriptures stresses both God’s transcendence and immanence Understanding GodScriptures stresses both God’s transcendence and immanenceTranscendence - God’s total otherness and being infinitely beyond and independent of creationImmanence - God’s intimate union with and total presence to his creation
7 Discussion Questions1. Do you feel that belief is God is reasonable? Explain2. Which proof of God’s existence leaves you with the most questions? Which proof of God’s existence answers more of your questions?3. Why do you believe in God?
8 Divine Revelation -God is truly a mystery -Revelation means “unveiling”-Divine Revelation refers to this free gift of God’s self communication by which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan-Salvation History - account of God’s saving activity for mankind-Adam and Eve disobeyed God and committed the original sin
9 Covenants God established a series of covenants Bible records many covenants, most important ones are:1. Covenant with Noah2. Covenant with Abraham3. Sinai Covenant4. Jesus Christ, the New Covenant
10 Discussion Questions1. How is a marriage covenant like a convenant between God and mankind?2. How is Jesus’ coming the climax of history?3. Name three ways that God has revealed himself to you.
11 God reveals himself through a single deposit of faith Sacred Scripture and TraditionGod reveals himself through a single deposit of faith-Found in Sacred Scripture (Bible) and in in the SacredTradition of the Church-Library of divinely inspired writings-firmly, faithfully, and without error teach that the truth which God wished to see confided to the Sacred ScripturesSacred Tradition - living transmission or “handing on” of the Church’s gospel message
12 Who is God? -God revealed his name to Moses - Yahweh, “I am” -shows that God is not some impersonal force-God is onmipresent; he is everywhere-acknowledges God’s mystery
13 St. Thomas Aquinas’ nine attributes of God: Attributes of Almighty GodSt. Thomas Aquinas’ nine attributes of God:1. God is unique God is infinite and omnipotent God is eternal God is immense God contains all things God is immutable God is utterly simple God is personal God is holy
14 Discussion Questions 1. How does your name express who you are? 2. Which attribute of God is hardest for you to understand? Why?3. Why is it appropriate to call God Father?4. Tell about a loving human father you know who is like God.
15 God is the first person of the Blessed Trinity God the FatherGod is the first person of the Blessed Trinity-central mystery of faith and the source of all other mysteriesJesus taught us to pray to Abba, our Father-It is right and proper to call God “Father”-God is beyond the biological distinction of male and female-We call God “Father” because Jesus teaches us to do that
16 Divine revelation teachers other truths about God’s creation: Creator of Heaven and EarthDivine revelation teachers other truths about God’s creation:-God is totally beyond us but also present to us God guides creation through divine providence God created humans in his image and likeness God created us male and female out of love and for love God is the creator of all that is seen and unseen Though essentially good because God made us, humans are tainted with sin Through Jesus Christ and by the power of the Holy Spirit, God invites us into a personal relationship
17 Fall and Original Sin-Adam and Eve rejected God’s love, resulting in mankind’s loss of his friendship-Immediate loss of grace of original holiness and Justice received from God-Human nature is weakened and is subject to the inclination to sin (concupiscence)-Though original sin is inherited by all, it is not an actual sin we personally commit-God never abandoned his sinful creatures
18 Discussion Questions1. Tell two ways that you recognize God in creation.2. How can you show your gratitude to God for the many gifts he has given you?3. Name some ways you can overcome the human inclination to sin.