2 What percentage of people in the world say they follow: Christianity?_____Islam?_____Hinduism?_____Buddhism?_____Judaism?_____No Religion?_____7 billion people in the world!
3 Abraham “father of many nations” Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are all ABRAHAMIC religions (trace their roots to Abraham) and worship the SAME one GodIsaac“father of the Hebrew people”JUDAISMIshmael“father of the Arab peoples”ISLAMSOME Jews thought Jesus was the messiahCHRISTIANITYJews still waiting for their messiahJUDAISM
4 What is Christianity?2000 year old religion followed by almost one third of the world’s population.Based on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of a first century Jew known as Jesus, believed to be the Christ (messiah, savior) by his followers (thus called “Christians”).
5 Who was Jesus? – The Historical Jesus Born, lived, and died a Jew in first century Roman occupied PalestineAround age 30, took on a mission of preaching, teaching, and healing as a traveling teacherFollowing of 12 primary disciples and many others interested in his teachingsConsidered a political threat to Roman and Jewish authorities, and is put to death by crucifixion (a Roman punishment)
6 What did Jesus teach? Jesus was a… story telling teacher who taught through parables about the Kingdom of God.preacher of forgiveness for sin.inspirational speaker:“Greatest commandment”: Love God and love others as you love yourself.“Golden Rule”: Do unto others as you would have others do unto you.
7 What do Christians believe about Jesus? – That Jesus… was the “Christ” or fulfillment of Jewish belief that the messiah would be “king of the Jews”.is the “Son of God” – fully divine and fully human.was resurrected - rose from the dead, overcoming death so that others may have “eternal life”.rose into heaven to live with God to help humans.will come again at the “end of days” to judge the living and the dead.
8 What else do Christians believe? God the Father lives in heaven (same God worshiped by Jews and Muslims) with his Son (Jesus)Heaven and Hell:Eternal life for those who are “saved” by JesusEternal damnation for those who are not so saved
9 Holy Book – The Christian Bible Old Testament: books from the Jewish Torah – old stories of Moses, Noah, etc.New Testament: written after Jesus’ death, by his followers about his life and teachingsFour gospels about the life, teaching, death, and resurrection of JesusOther records, stories, and revelations about the early Christian church
10 How do Christians practice their faith as a group? Sacraments:BaptismCommunion (Eucharist, Mass)ConfirmationConfession of sins, penance, atonementMarriage (“Holy Matrimony”)Ordination (“Holy Orders”)Healing (anointing, “Last rites”)Sabbath celebrated on Sunday with prayer, scripture readings, singing of hymns, a sermon or lesson from the pastor/minister/priest, etc. (format varies from church to church)
11 What are some Christian holy days? Two major seasons in the Christian calendar:Christmas – celebrating the birth of JesusEaster – commemorating the resurrection of JesusChristmas:Advent (four weeks leading up to Christmas day)Christmas Day (December 25th)Epiphany (the “twelfth day of Christmas”)
12 Who are Christians? other sects/groups Orthodox ChristiansGreek, Russian, Coptic, and other churches of Eastern Europe, North Africa, and AsiaRoman Catholicsunified under the PopeOver 900 million (half of all Christians)Protestant ChurchesLutheran, Anglican, Episcopal, Presbyterian, Congregational, Baptist, Methodist, etc.Independent/American Groups:Mormons , Jehovah’s Witness, etc.
13 What is the bare essence of Christianity? A faith and life based on the person and/or teachings of Jesus as savior, model, or inspirationUse of the New Testament to inform faith and practice