Presentation on theme: "Time and the Fourth Dimension"— Presentation transcript:
1 Time and the Fourth Dimension The Camera ArtsTime and the Fourth Dimension
2 “…a process of instant assemblage, instant collage.” - Robert RauschenbergWalker Evans, Roadside Store between Tuscaloosa andGreensboro, Alabama, 1936
3 Early History of Photography camera is the Latin word for “room”in the 16th century the camera obscura – a darkened room – was used by artists to copy nature accurately – eventually small portable “dark boxes” came into usethe major drawback – images could not be preserved
8 The DaguerrotypeInvented in 1839 by two inventors – Joseph Nicéphore Niépce and Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre.The use of light sensitive chemicals on a polished metal plate produced a permanent positive image.
9 Pros and Cons of Daguerrotype The medium was an instant success.It became the preferred medium for portraiture.The availability of portraits were no longer limited to the wealthy.The process of preparing, exposing and developing the plate was lengthy and time consuming.The sitter had to remain absolutely still during the exposure period (from 1 to 10 minutes) to avoid blurring.The image could not be reproduced.
10 Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, Le Boulevard du Temple, 1839
11 “From now on, painting is dead!” – Paul Delaroche, painter Richard Beard, Maria Edgeworth, 1841,Daguerrotype.
12 CalotypeTalbot improved upon the photogenic drawing process by using sensitized paper.The exposure time was greatly reduced (from minutes to seconds) and produced a latent image that could be developed by dipping the paper in gallic acid.This process is the basis of modern photography
14 Wet-Plate CollodionIntroduced in 1850 and almost universally adopted in 5 years.A dark-room technique.Liquid collodion (pyroxyline dissolved in alcohol or ether) is poured over a glass plate bathed in a solution of silver nitrate.
15 Wet-Plate Collodion Exposure time was short – 15 minutes. Process cumbersome and TOXIC.
16 Julia Margaret Cameron Self-PortraitI Wait, 1860’s
27 Joel Meyerwitz on the use of color photography “Color makes everything more interesting. Color suggests more things to look at, new subjects for me. Color suggests that light itself is a subject.…..There’s more content! The form for the content is more complex, more interesting to work with.”
32 From Still Pictures to Film The Birth of Movies
33 D.W. Griffith, Innovator and Master of Film Editing Griffith sought to create visual variety using an alternating repertoire of shots.He innovated the full shot, medium shot, close up and extreme close up, the long shot, the pan, and the traveling shot.