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Political Behavior Chapter 6.

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Presentation on theme: "Political Behavior Chapter 6."— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Behavior Chapter 6

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3 The Right to Vote

4 Voter Qualifications The Constitution set 5 limits on the power that States have to set voter qualifications: *must be also allowed to vote for members of Congress * servitude (slavery) cannot be a condition for voting rights * no gender discrimination *no age discrimination *no tax in order to vote

5 Quick Quiz Name the Amendment, Act or legislation that provided voting rights and abolished restrictions on the following: 1. Black males 2. Women 3. Poll Taxes, Grandfather Clauses, Literacy Tests 4. District of Columbia residents can vote for President 5. 18 year olds

6 Quick Quiz Name the Amendment, Act or legislation that provided voting rights and abolished restrictions on the following: 1. Black males: 15th Amend. (1870) 2. Women: 19th Amend. (1920) 3. Poll Taxes, Grandfather Clauses, Literacy Tests Civil Rights Act of 1965 4. District of Columbia residents can vote for President: 23rd. Amend. (1961) 5. 18 year olds: 26th Amend (1971)

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8 Voter Qualifications

9 Citizenship- Residence - 30 days, Dunn v Blumstein, 1972, prohibiting transients Age- 18 thanks to 26th Amendment

10 Registration Motor Voter Law DMV, by mail, and at major civic sites Purging and poll books

11 Literacy Tests finally led to 1970 Voting Rights Act Amendments...Supreme Court agreed in Oregon v Mitchell, 1970

12 Tax Payment- no poll tax
24th Amendment In Harper v Va Board of Elections the Supreme Court agreed the Va tax was in conflict with the 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause.

13 Felons Dishonorably discharged Mentally incompetant

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15 Suffrage and Civil Rights

16 Gerrymandering- drawing electoral district lines (the boundaries of the geographic area from which a candidate is elected to public office) in order to limit (or encourage) the voting strength of a particular group or party

17 15th Amendment- right to vote cannot be denied to any citizen of the US because of race, color, or previous conditions of servitude (1870)

18 Early Civil Rights Legislation
1. Civil Rights Act set up US Civil Rights Commission 2. Civil Rights Act added federal voting referees still it is not enough... still it is not enough...

19 Early Civil Rights Legislation
3. Civil Rights Act broader; outlawed discrimination in job-related matters. Early Civil Rights Legislation still it is not enough... 1965 *forbids any voter registration in unfair manner *forbids literacy requirement *used judicial action- injunction- court order that compels or restrains

20 Early Civil Rights Legislation
3. Voting Rights Act this finalized the 15th Amendment still it is not enough... * this law meant Attny. General could challenge Constitutionality of Poll Tax. Harper v. Va. Board of Elections 1966 *fed govt could register voters *fed govt oversee elections * attny gen can appt examiners *applied to all elections held anywhere whether it be state, local, or federal * originally for 5 years but expanded in 1970, 1975, 1982 (this one for 25 years....ended in was it extended?)

21 Early Civil Rights Legislation
3. Voting Rights Act this finalized the 15th Amendment there is more... still it is not enough... *preclearance - any state where majority of population could not vote in 1964 could not change voting laws without federal preclearance this brought review of issues such as - location of polling places -boundaries of election districts (gerrymandering, redistricting) - deadlines in election process -from ward or district election to at-large elections - qualifications of candidates to run for office

22 Early Civil Rights Legislation
3. Voting Rights Act this finalized the 15th Amendment there is more... still it is not enough... *upheld in South Carolina v Katzenbach

23 Voter Behavior

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25 Who Votes? * Higher income, education, and professional status *lower $ - tend to be Democrat *higher $ - tend to be Republican *Life long residents *strong sense of party identification *more women vote than men

26 Who’s Not Voting? * Younger than 35 *Not married *unskilled *South, or rural areas

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30 Who Votes? the electorate, or people who are allowed to vote, are citizens older than 18 Only 51.6% of the population voted for president in 2004 Only 46% voted for Congress

31 Who Votes?

32 Factors That Affect Voting
*Political efficacy- do you feel like your vote counts? Family Age Access to voting Methods of voting

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