Presentation on theme: "1.While studying the Mesopotamians, we learned they worshipped many gods. What is that called? 2.So, what is the belief in one, supreme God called? 3.What."— Presentation transcript:
1.While studying the Mesopotamians, we learned they worshipped many gods. What is that called? 2.So, what is the belief in one, supreme God called? 3.What are the three monotheistic religions? 4.Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all look to the ancient city of __________ as a holy site. 5.The Jewish holy book is called the ______________. 6.The Christian holy book is called the ___________. 7.The muslim holy book is called the ______________. polytheism Jerusalem Torah Bible Koran monotheism Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
What percent of the world practice these religions? PredictionReality 1. Islam 2. Judaism 3. Hinduism 4. No Religious Preferences 5 Buddhism 6.Primal/Indigenous Religions 7.Christianity
The Three Monotheistic Religions ReligionFounderHoly DaysSacred Book Beliefs and practices Place of Worship Follower Called Region in Today Judaism 1800 B.C. Christianity 33 C.E. (or A.D) *largest # of followers Islam Means to “surrender” 622 C.E (or A.D.) Abraham *Moses gave 10 command- ments *Hanukah *Passover *Yom Kippur *Torah *God called Yahweh or Jehovah *synagogue *Jew * Israel *U.S. *Europe *Jerusalem—holy city *Sabbath *Still Looking for Messiah *Chosen people Jesus*Christmas *Good Friday *Easter Bible *Ramadan * Muhammad The Prophet *Jerusalem— Where Jesus died *Jesus is the Messiah *Jesus is God’s Son *church *Jerusalem—holy city *Five pillars of faith 1.Believe in one God 2.Pray 3.Give 4.Fast 5.Go to Mecca *Koran or *Quran *God called Allah *N & S America *Europe *Australia *Christian *Middle East *SE Asia Muslim Mosque *Mecca in Saudi Arabia is a most holy city
Judaism Founder- Abraham Holy Days- Hanukah, and Passover Sacred Book- the Torah Place of Worship- a Synagogue Followers called- Jews (about 13 million) Beliefs and Practices— : A.. prayer, B.. Tzedakah (charity), C.. Special diet laws (Kosher), D.. observing the Shabbat (Sabbath) E.. the 10 commandments given to Moses
Christianity Founder: Jesus (about 2000 yrs ago) Holy Days: Good Friday, Easter, Christmas Sacred Book: Bible Place of Worship: Church Followers Called: Christians (about 1.2 billion) (largest # of followers) Teacher called: Priest, preacher, pastor, brother Beliefs & Practices: prayer, charity, church attendance, baptism, Jesus is the Messiah, the golden rule
How do Christians practice their faith? Going to church Sacraments: 1.Baptism 2.Communion (Eucharist, Mass, the Lord’s Supper) Sabbath celebrated on Sunday with prayer, scripture readings, singing of hymns, a sermon or lesson from the pastor/minister/priest.
How do Christians live their faith? Evangelism and missions – sharing the faith, spreading the message Charity and social service (“what you do unto the least of these you do to me”) Personal and small group prayer and Bible study
What are some Christian holy days? Two major seasons in the Christian calendar: Christmas – celebrating the birth of Jesus Easter – commemorating the resurrection of Christ Christmas: –Advent (four weeks leading up to Christmas day) –Christmas Day (December 25 th ) –Epiphany (the “twelfth day of Christmas”)
Easter: (early spring, date varies) –Ash Wednesday and lent (40 days before Easter, a period of sacrifice and spiritual renewal in preparation for Easter) –Holy Week including: Palm Sunday (Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem) Munday Thursday (inauguration of the communion meal) Good Friday (Jesus’ Passion and crucifixion) Easter Sunday (celebrating the resurrection)
FOUNDER: Muhammed HOLY DAYS: Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr SACRED BOOK: Qur’an or Koran PLACE OF WORSHIP: Mosque FOLLOWERS CALLED: Muslims BELIEFS & PRACTICES: 5 Pillars of Faith 1. Belief in one God (Allah) 2. Pray 5 times a day 3. Charity (giving to the poor) 4. Fasting during the month of Ramadan 5. Making a hajj (journey) to Mecca at least once in your life ISLAM
Koran Muslims believe, that in 610 A.D., an the angel Gabriel appeared to Muhammad and gave him the words to the “qur’an in Arabic (from Allah).
As part of the Islamic faith, everyone must make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his/her life. This place is considered to be the center of the earth to Muslims. It is known as Kabba, meaning square or four sides,
The “5 Pillars of Islam” 1.Believe in one God 2.Pray 3.Give 4.Fast 5.Go to Mecca