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DO NOW: Copy Topic & Objectives

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1 DO NOW: Copy Topic & Objectives
Chapter 20 , Section 1 DO NOW: Copy Topic & Objectives Topic: Industrial Revolution Objectives: Objective: SWBAT discuss main events and inventions that lead to the Industrial Revolution by creating and answering open-ended questions.

2 Important Concepts Word Bank
With your partner, write open-ended questions for the assigned words from the “Important Concepts Word Bank”. Be sure to know the answers to your questions, as you will discuss them when the class re-groups. DO NOW: take out questions from Friday before break Important Concepts Word Bank Agricultural Revolution 2. Farming Methods 3. Enclosure 4. Population Explosion 5. Energy Revolution 6. Iron 7. Capital 8. Textile Industry 9. Factories 10. Spinning jenny 11.turnpikes 12. Transportation revolution 13. Steam engine Canals British resources

3 With your partner, write open-ended questions for the assigned words from the “Important Concepts Word Bank”. Be sure to know the answers to your questions, as you will discuss them when the class re-groups. Concept / Word Questions & Answers: Question: Answer:

4 Chapter 20 , Sections 2 & 3 Topics: Industrial Revolution: Transportation & Urban Life Objectives: SWBAT explain the role of transportation during the Industrial Revolution. SWBAT explain social changes that took place as a result of urbanization. DO NOW: Answer: What are the most important technology that we use today? How does it improve the world and/or people's lives?

5 Review: Where and during which time period did the Industrial Revolution begin? What were some of the inventions of the Industrial Revolution? Which industry boomed during the beginning of the Industrial Revolution? How did these inventions affect production of goods?

6 Inventions Agricultural Revolution Food production increases
Population Grows Inventions Textile industry Production increases Profits increase People move to the cities Transportation improves Movement of people & goods Goods moved more quickly & cheaply

7 1. TRANSPORTATION Turnpikes – privately built roads
Canals – artificial river ways Linked Europe Later used in the U.S. – linked East & West

8 1. TRANSPORTATION Steam Power – used steam to produce energy
Steam created by burning COAL United States: Robert Fulton’s “North River Steamboat” (Claremont) allowed for a quicker movement of goods Great Britain: George Stephenson’s steam-powered locomotive Railroads expand Do not have to follow rivers Faster than travel by ship

9 2. URBANIZATION Rural Result: Urbanization Urban (cities)
Land scarcity Enclosures Urban (cities) Result: Urbanization Investment opportunities Industry = Jobs (mills, factories, mines) Transportation

10 2. URBANIZATION: Labor DQ: What’s the deal with Wisconsin? Factories:
Women, children: lower wages than men Work in textile mills, mines, factories Harsh conditions Workers STRIKE and form UNIONS Courts find unions illegal (US & Britain) DQ: What’s the deal with Wisconsin?

11 2. URBANIZATION: The Cities
Cities expand as a result of industrialization Rapid growth of urban populations Cities cannot “keep up”: Problem Result Lack of sanitation / sewage Disease (cholera) Lack of housing Crowded tenements Harsh living conditions Children, Sick & the Elderly have no support system Homelessness

12 Sir Titus Salt: Bradford mill owner
Saltire mill (wool) Better working conditions Built higher chimneys with filters Build a village for his workers School hospital

Women do not work Spend more $$$ on luxuries Build mansions Some view the poor as “stupid, lazy, unable to ‘move up’” Poor working & living conditions Women work AND take care of households Work for low wages Live in tenements Have little “say” --- unions deemed illegal

14 Closing: Counts as a Journal Assignment
Today, many poor have no jobs or jobs that pay very little, they live in horrible conditions and are often discriminated against by the society. Do you think that these people can “move up” in society or do you think that they will always remain poor? How can society eradicate (get rid of) poverty? Explain your answers. Minimum: 2 full paragraphs

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