2 What does it mean to be asymptomatic? Do you remember what the biggest difference is between Bacterial infections and Viral infections?Bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics. If treated early enough, there will be no long term effects.Viral infections can not be treated with antibiotics. Once they are in your system, they are not going away. Any medication taken is for the symptoms only. The virus will still be there.What does it mean to be asymptomatic?It means there may not be any symptoms, but it can still be spread from person to person.
3 Anytime you see this picture, there is a very graphic slide with CDC photos coming up on the next slide!
4 You can still have the STD and spread it even if REMEMBER…You can still have the STD and spread it even ifNO SYMPTOMSAPPEAR!
5 You can still have the STD and spread it even if NO SYMPTOMS APPEAR!
6 Chlamydia in Travis County Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial STD in the United States with more than one million cases reported to CDC in 2010.Chlamydia is known as a "silent" disease because the majority of infected people have no symptoms. If untreated, chlamydia infections can progress to serious reproductive and otherhealth problems with both short-term and long-term consequences.Travis County recorded 5,902 new cases of chlamydia in 2010.In 2010, the majority of reported chlamydia cases (82%) were diagnosed among people 15 to 34 years old. 71% were females.Blacks and Hispanics had the highest rates of chlamydia over the past decade in Travis County.
7 Gonorrhea in Travis County Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported disease in the United States.Travis County reported 1,452 new cases of gonorrhea in 2010.Gonorrhea is most frequently reported among males.Blacks have consistently had the highest rates of gonorrhea over the past decade in Travis County.In 2010, the majority of reported gonorrhea cases (74%) were diagnosed among people 15 to 29 years old; 83% among people aged 15 to 34.
8 Healthy Cervix In order to know what an unhealthy cervix looks like, we need to know what a healthy one looks like.
23 You can still have the STD and spread it even if (1st stage)(2nd stage)(1st stage)(2nd stage)You can still have the STD and spread it even ifNO SYMPTOMS APPEAR!
24 Syphilis in Travis County Syphilis has often been called "the great imitator" because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases.Syphilis can be treated at any stage of the disease, but if left untreated can be fatal.Travis County reported 83 new cases of primary and secondary syphilis in 2010.Primary and secondary syphilis is most frequently reported among males. In 2010, 86% of reported cases were male.Since 2003, there have been marked increases in the syphilis rates in the Black population.At the beginning of the decade, cases were most frequently seen in year olds. In 2010, that remained true, however there have been increases in every age group over 14 years old.
25 Syphilis Rashes and Sores Not all cases of SYPHILIS will looklike this!You can still have the STD even ifNO SYMPTOMS APPEAR!
43 You can still have the STD and spread it even if NO SYMPTOMS APPEAR!
44 HIV in Travis CountyIn 2010, Travis County reported 197 new diagnosis of HIV.In 2010 males accounted for 86% of the total HIV cases.In 2010 in Travis County, Whites/Other made up 48% whileBlacks comprised 24% and Hispanics comprised 28% of new HIV diagnoses.Although the majority of reported HIV cases each year are Whites/Other, over time the highest rate of cases are among Blacks.By age group, HIV diagnoses peak in persons under 30 years old.
45 AIDS in Travis CountyIn 2010, Travis County reported 87 newly diagnosed cases of AIDS.85% of the newly diagnosed AIDS cases were male.43% were Whites/Other.In 2010, the rate of AIDS cases among males was over five timeshigher than the rate of AIDS cases among females.In 2010, the rate of AIDS cases among Blacks was four times higher than the rate of AIDS cases among Whites/Other and almost three times higher than the rate of AIDS cases among Hispanics.By age group, AIDS diagnosis peaks in persons in their 30s. It is likely that the people being diagnosed with AIDS in their 30s were actually infected during their 20s.
46 AIDS Opportunistic Infections Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome infections or illnesses that take advantage of a weakened immune systemOpportunisticInfections
47 Helper T cells ~ white blood cells that activate the immune response when a pathogen enters the body.Healthy people carry about 500 – 1500 helper T cells in about 20 drops of bloodThe HIV virus attaches itself to the helper T cells forcing the T cells to make copies of the HIV. This is called replication.When a person’s white blood cell count gets below 200 per milliliter of blood, they are said to have AIDS.
48 BLOOD Vaginal Fluid semen Breast milk Fluids that transmitthe HIV virus:BLOODVaginal FluidsemenBreast milk
57 process allowing people with HIV to live longer, Even though there isno cure,ARV drugs can slowdown the replicationprocess allowing peoplewith HIV to live longer,healthier lives than thosewho are infected withHIV who are not taking ARV drugs.Video on picture
58 It VERY important to remember that people infected with HIV who are on ARV drugs can STILL TRANSMIT HIV to others!