Presentation on theme: "Warm-up: Copy the Reminders Homework: Rising Seas Article—Read and take notes Article quiz on Thursday, September 26 th Hurricane Tracking Extra."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up: Copy the Reminders Homework: Rising Seas Article—Read and take notes Article quiz on Thursday, September 26 th Hurricane Tracking Extra Credit due next Wednesday!
Cover Page of Climate Regions Book Color only the highland, tropical humid, and tropical wet and dry climate regions on the map of your cover page. Make sure to include the colors on the key. Label the Rocky Mountains, Andes Mountains, Alps (Mtns), Caucasus Mountains, Himalayas (Mtns), and Ethiopian highlands Turn in World Climate Regions Book!!!!
Tropical Climates Tropical Wet and Dry Location: north and south of tropical humid climate Temp and rainfall: summer – heavy rainfall; winter – dry season Vegetation: savannas = tropical grasslands, scattered trees, and shrubs
Tropical Wet and Dry Monsoons —A wind system in which winds reverse direction and cause seasons of wet and dry weather (common in India)
Question Time! WWhy is there a difference in the vegetation between Tropical Wet and Dry and Tropical Humid? TThe amount of precipitation differs; Tropical Humid gets rainfall all year, Tropical Wet and Dry has a dry season.
Middle Latitude Climates Mediterranean Location: Coastal areas of Southern Europe and along west coasts of continents with cool ocean currents Temp and rainfall: long, sunny, dry summers; rain during the mild winters Vegetation: Mediterranean scrub woodland; short trees and shrubs with a few scattered large trees
Middle Latitude Climates Humid Subtropical Location: eastern side of continents where there are warm ocean currents Temp and rainfall: summers are hot and humid; winters are mild, with occasional frost and some snow Vegetation: temperate forests – either deciduous or coniferous
Deciduous forests DDefine Deciduous (Hint: look at the picture) Trees that lose their leaves during part of the year
Coniferous forests DDefine Coniferous (Hint: look at the picture) Forests of cone- bearing evergreen trees
Question Time! WWhere do you typically find a Marine West Coast Climate? wwest coasts of continents in the upper middle latitudes
Middle Latitude Climates Marine West Coast Location: west coasts of continents in the upper middle latitudes Temp and Rainfall: mild all year; storms bring most of the rain; winters are foggy, cloudy and rainy; summer can be warm and sunny Vegetation: temperate rain forests - coniferous
Middle Latitude Climates Humid Continental Location: interiors and east coasts of upper-middle latitude continents Temp and rainfall: most changeable weather conditions; four distinct seasons; rainy most of the year Vegetation: forests
Question Time! HHumid Continental has four distinct seasons, what dates do these seasons begin? FFall Equinox September 22 nd WWinter Solstice December 21 st SSpring Equinox March 20 th SSummer Solstice June 21 st
WWhat is a synonym for Arid? DDry OOn what continent can you find the largest arid region? AAfrica
Dry Climates Arid Location: normally at or about 30 degrees north and south of the equator; also found in rainshadows, deep interior of continents Temp and rainfall: little rainfall Vegetation: plants and animals must be hardy
High-Latitude Climates Tundra Location: Central areas in high latitudes Temp and Rainfall: Long winters; temperatures above freezing only during short summers Permafrost – permanently frozen water and soil Vegetation: mosses, herbs, low shrubs; trees cannot grow
Practice Conclusions Since temperatures are generally __________________ near the equator, climate graph ______________ must be located closer to the equator than climate graph ______________. Climate Graph 1 Climate Graph 2