Presentation on theme: "The Main Idea We will discuss the banking system and financial institutions and the functions of each “A Penny Saved is a Penny Earned”A Penny Saved is."— Presentation transcript:
The Main Idea We will discuss the banking system and financial institutions and the functions of each “A Penny Saved is a Penny Earned”A Penny Saved is a Penny Earned”
Objectives: -Explain the purpose of the Federal Reserve System -List the types of financial institutions -Discuss factors for selecting a financial institution Essential Question – What is the purpose of the FED?
The Federal Reserve System The Fed is the bank for banks All national banks must join, state banks by choice. Member banks – any bank that is a member of the Fed Federal Reserve System (Fed) Set up by the gov’t to supervise and regulate member banks and to help banks serve the public efficiently.
The Fed’s districts The United States is divided into 12 Federal Reserve districts Each district has a central Federal Reserve Bank Which Federal Reserve Region serves Lehighton?
Federal Reserve Activities The Federal Reserve serves member banks (JTNB) in several ways Reserves – banks can’t lend all of the money they receive from customers Why is this? The Fed holds these deposits in case the banks need additional funds to meet the daily customer demand.
Federal Reserve Activities (cont’d) Clearing – refers to the paying of checks among different banks in different cities Ex – My friend visits from Colorado and I owe him money
Banking and the Economy The actions of the banking system affect us in many ways The following are some of the activities for which banking services are offered: Build homes Start new businesses Plant crops Finance education Build hospitals
What is the main purpose of the Federal Reserve System? To supervise and regulate member banks and to help banks serve the public efficiently
Types of Financial Institutions Commercial Banks Savings and Loan Associations Mutual Savings Banks Credit Unions There are many types of financial institutions that provide a wide range of products and services:
In Word, write a two to three page paper, in MLA format explaining: –When the FED started and why –What the four main financial institutions are and explain their purpose/what they do. –State similarities/differences –Give local examples of each financial institution throughout your research paper. –Must have WORKS CITED in proper MLA format!!!!
Deposit Institutions Deposit Institutions accept deposits from people and businesses and use them to finance their own business Commercial bank The most common way for a bank to be organized; offer a wide range of financial services.
Commercial Banks Often called full service banks Offer checking & savings accounts, give loans
Savings and Loan Associations Traditionally, a S&L specialized in savings accounts and giving loans for home mortgages. Now, they are more like regular banks. They will have “Savings Bank” in their names
Mutual Savings Banks A savings bank that is owned by, and operated for the benefit of its depositors. Profits are distributed in proportion to the amount of business each participant does with the company Mainly for savings and home loans
Credit Unions People in the same company, gov’t agency, labor union, or profession often form credit unions. Credit union are user-owned, not for profit, cooperative financial institution.
Selecting a Financial Institution: Check out the services offered Savings accounts Checking/payment accounts Loans Other – safe deposit boxes, trusts, and investment advice
Safety FDIC insures all accounts in the same name at each bank up to an amount of $100,000 Almost 99% of all banks are FDIC members Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Protects depositors’ money in case of the failure of a bank or financial institution that it regulates.
17-2. Pg 428. Financial Services and Electronic Banking. Objectives: -Identify the financial services used by consumers -Explain types of checking accounts -Describe electronic banking activities
Think-Pair-Share – read about the seven types of financial services and discuss with a partner Savings Services Payment Services Lending Services Electronic Banking Storage of Valuables Investment Advice Management of Trusts
Types of Financial Services offered by banks: Savings services Payment services Lending services Electronic banking –Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)-refers to the use of computers and other technology for banking activities –Ex – ATMs, debit card purchases, direct deposit, automatic bill payment
Types of Financial Services offered by banks: (cont’d) Storage of Valuables –Safe-deposit boxes- well guarded, safe places to keep valuables –Rent from the bank by the year, come in various sizes Investment advice Management of Trusts –Bank makes investments with the person’s money because they are unable to do so (too young, too old)
3 main types of Checking accounts: Regular Checking Accounts –Service charge- a fee a bank charges for handling a checking account –Most banks don’t charge unless you keep a certain minimum balance – often $300 or higher
Types of Checking accounts: (cont’d) Interest-Earning Checking account –Interest is earned on money in your account –May require a higher monthly balance –Usually very very low amount of interest Special Checking Accounts –If you only write a few checks each month –Banks charge 10-20 cents per check you write
ELECTRONIC BANKING pg 431 Each day, the use of electronic banking grows You can do your banking from: –An ATM –Home –Computer –Even your cell phone E-Banking services, Figure 17-2
Automatic Teller Machines (ATM) Debit cards are different than credit cards. Someone please explain the difference. Debit card Or cash card, is used for ATM transactions.
E-Banking Services: (cont’d) In a point-of-sale transaction, a merchant accepts a debit card to pay for purchases. Direct deposit Automatic Bill Payments –Bank deducts from your account and transfers them to appropriate companies
1.What are the main financial services used by consumers? Savings services Payment services Lending services Electronic banking Storage of valuables Investment advice Management of trusts
1.What are the three main types of checking accounts Regular checking accounts Interest-earning checking accounts Special checking accounts
1.How is a debit card different than a credit card? A debit card you are using your money that you already have in your bank account, With a credit card, you are borrowing money to pay it back later.
17-3. Pg 435. Checks and Payment Methods Objectives: -Describe three main types of endorsements -Describe proper check-writing procedures -Explain the bank reconciliation process -Identify other payment methods
Chapter 17.3 pg. 435 This section deals with opening a checking and savings account, writing checks and balancing your check book.
Survey Project Conduct a survey of 20 students to determine what types of financial services they use. Create a table or graph in Microsoft Word/Excel or on poster board to display your results It is your job to come up with a logical manner to display the results Students surveyed can’t be from this class You will be graded on ease of understanding your results and effort/creativity
Chapter 17.3 pg. 435 Signature card- opening a checking account starts with the SC, used to verify your signature. Joint account- when two or more people have an account together Deposit slip- fill one out when you deposit money into an account. Lists all items you are depositing- cash, coins or checks.
Types of Endorsements There are three different types of endorsements: 1.Blank endorsement 2.Full endorsement 3.Restrictive endorsement endorsement Written evidence that you received payment or that you transferred your right of payment to someone else.
Three types of EndorsementsEndorsements 1. Blank endorsement – the person who the check as written to has to sign the back…soon as it is signed it is considered cash!!! Don’t lose it!!! 2. Full endorsement aka special endorsement– allows the person who the check was written to transfer it to another person…write “Pay to the order of…” 3. Restrictive endorsement – limits the use of the check to the purpose given in the endorsement…write “For deposit only”
Elements of a check Drawer- owner of the account who signs the check Payee- person to whom the check is written to Drawee- bank that pays the check
The Check Register If you are writing checks all the time, you are going to forget who you wrote them to and for how much Check register A section of a checkbook that you keep record of your account activities.
Stop payment order Can you think of any examples of when you would use a “stop payment order”? Stop payment order A written notice that tells the bank not to pay a certain check
Bank statements Balance begin. of month Deposits made Checks paid ATM transactions Any EFTs made Service charges Any interest earned Balance at end of mo. Bank statement The bank will send you a report on the status of your account
Find Differences The bank has a statement, and so do you, your check register. Reconciling the bank statement is when you are checking to make sure both are in agreeance. Bank reconciliation The document created to show how the two balances were brought into agreement
How much money does Alicia have in her account when the bank statement was printed?
Outstanding Checks Outstanding checks Checks that have not been cleared (been paid). These checks haven’t been deducted from the bank statement balance yet.
Other types of Payments- sometimes, personal checks aren’t accepted. Certified Check – personal check for which a bank has guaranteed payment - stamp the face of the check. Cashier’s Checks - bank uses its own funds for you to write a check with, charges a fee ($3-$10) Traveler’s Checks – bank writes you a check in your name. You sign it at the bank, and then have to sign it when you want to cash the check somewhere. Money Orders - a form of payment that orders the issuing agency to pay the amount printed on the check to another party