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Health Chapter 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Health Chapter 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Health Chapter 1

2 Quick Start! On a piece of paper, complete the following statement: When you have good health, you…

3 Your Health and Wellness
Health – is the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being. Wellness – an overall state of well-being, or total health. It come from a way of living each day that includes making decisions and practicing behaviors that are based on sound health knowledge and healthful attitudes.

4 The Health Continuum Health is dynamic and subject to change.
Think of your health as a point along a continuum. Changes may occur suddenly, or may be so gradual that you are not aware of the change. Where do you fit on the continuum? Where would you like to be?

5 Promoting Your Health The decisions you make every day have an impact on your health. What you eat, wear, and do can may have consequences you may not have considered. Examples – not wearing proper safety equipment

6 Lifestyle Factors Experts have identified habits that affect people’s overall health, happiness, and longevity. Getting 8 to 10 hours of sleep each night. Start each day with a healthy breakfast Eat a variety of nutritious foods each day. Maintain a healthy weight.

7 Lifestyle Factors Be physically active 20 minutes a day, 3 days a week or more. Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. Abstaining from sexual activity before marriage. Managing stress. Maintaining positive relationships. Practicing safe behaviors to prevent injuries.

8 Wellness and Prevention
Prevention – practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury. Examples – wear safety belt in vehicle, applying sunscreen, and avoiding unsafe areas.

9 Importance of Health Education
Health Education – the providing of accurate health information to help people make healthy choices. Healthy People 2010 – nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the United States.

10 Goals of Healthy People 2010
                                     1. Increase quality and years of healthy life for Americans. 2. Remove Health differences that result from factors such as gender, race, education, disability, and location.

11 Goals of Healthy People 2010
Individuals – can take an active role in their own health by making informed decisions, accessing reliable health care information and services, and promote the health of others. Families – can shape attitudes and beliefs that result in healthful behaviors. Parents and guardians play an important role in meeting the nation’s health goals when they teach children the values and skills necessary to maintain good health.

12 Goals of Healthy People 2010
Communities – can offer behavior-changing classes such as tobacco-cessation programs and provide health services. They can also take steps to ensure a safe environment.

13 Becoming Health Literate
Health Literacy – a person’s capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and services and use these resources to promote his/her health and wellness.

14 Becoming Health Literate
Critical thinker and problem solver – a person who can make responsible and healthy choices. Responsible, productive citizen – person who promotes the health of the community and who chooses safe, healthful, and legal behaviors that are consistent with family guidelines and that show respect for the individual and others.

15 Becoming Health Literate
Self-directed learner – person who has developed evaluation criteria for health information. These criteria include whether information is reliable, accurate, and current. Effective Communicator – someone who is able to express his/her health knowledge in a variety of ways.

16 Your Health Triangle The three elements of health Physical
Mental/emotion Social

17 Physical Health This has to do with how well your body functions
This is having enough energy to perform the activities of daily life and to cope with everyday challenges and stresses. Being physically healthy involves getting adequate sleep, eating nutritious meals, drinking enough water, and being physically active on a regular basis.

18 Mental/Emotional Health
People with good mental/emotional health enjoy challenges, like learning new things, and see mistakes as an opportunity to grow and change. They also take responsibilities for their actions and standup for their beliefs and values They can normally deal with the frustrations of life without being overwhelmed by them

19 Social Health Your social health involves the way you get along with others. It includes your ability to make and keep friends. Seeking and lending support when necessary. Showing respect and care for yourself and others.

20 Keeping a Balance Each side of your health triangle is equally important. Think of the 3 areas of health as legs of a tripod. If one leg is shorter then the others, the tripod will tilt and fall.

21 Influences on Your Health
Heredity – all the traits that were biologically passed on to you from your parents. Inheriting specific traits may put you at risk for certain illnesses like diabetes or heart disease. Other genes may strengthen your resistance to disease

22 Influences on Your Health
Environment - sum of your surroundings, including your family, school, job, and life experiences. Physical Environment – person who lives in high crime area will experience stress for personal safety. Other factors like air pollution, pollen, dust, or smog may decrease health Social Environment – includes family and other people you may interact with each day. Peers – people of the same age who share similar interests. Peers who take part in dangerous, unhealthy, and illegal behaviors like using alcohol or other drugs could create pressure for you to try.

23 Influences on Your Health
Culture – refers to the collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group. The language you speak, foods you enjoy, traditions, and your religion are all part of your cultural environment.

24 Influences on Your Health
Attitude – the way you view a situation, your attitude, greatly affects the choices you make. People who see the positive in situations are more likely to have better health than people who only see the negative.

25 Influences on Your Health
Behavior – although you have no control over your heredity and limited control on your environment, you have a great deal of control over your behavior. Your behaviors affects not only your physical health, but also your mental/emotion, and social health.

26 Influences on Your Health
Media – the various methods of communicating information, including radio, television, film, newspapers, magazines, books, and the internet. Not all sources are reliable or accurate!!

27 Influences on Your Health
Technological advances also influence health. Medical screenings and treatment for disease have helped people. Technology has replaced many of the physical activities that once were part of daily life. People drive or ride instead of walking. People also watch TV and play video games instead of being physically active.

28 Understanding Health Risks
Part of becoming an adult is learning how to make responsible decisions. Risk Behaviors – actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others.

29 Cumulative Risks and Consequences
Cumulative Risks – related risks that increase in effect with each added risk. Consequences of risk behaviors add up over time. Example: Driving faster that the speed limit is a risk that can have deadly results. Not wearing a safety belt and driving in bad weather are cumulative risks.

30 Abstaining From Risk Behaviors
Abstinence – avoiding harmful behaviors. Including alcohol, other drugs, and sexual activity before marriage. Practicing abstinence may help you avoid negative consequences.

31 Abstaining from Sexual Activity
Never have to worry about unplanned pregnancy. Will not have to face the difficultly of being a single parent. Do not have to worry about sexually transmitted diseases. Free of emotional problems that usually accompany sexual activity, guilt, regret, and rejection.

32 Relationships Through relationships you can develop genuine feelings of love, trust, and friendship. When you choose to abstain from sexual activity, you can focus on setting and achieving goals. Choosing abstinence will benefit your lifelong health.

33 Activity: Setting Goals for Healthy Eating and Lifelong Fitness
Put your name on a separate piece of paper Answer the following 10 questions. This will be a participation grade.

34 Setting Goals for Healthy Eating and Lifelong Fitness
What are the THREE goals Matt set for himself? According to Dr. Zimand, what is the best way to achieve a goal? What is a normal range of cholesterol for teenagers? What was Kelly’s goal? What disease are women who drink too much soda at risk for?

35 Setting Goals for Healthy Eating and Lifelong Fitness
How old was Brittanie when she was diagnosed with diabetes? How did Matt achieve his goal? What is a big factor in achieving lifelong fitness? What is a good way to incorporate fitness into your life? Why do YOU think physically active teens are less likely to engage in risky behaviors?

36 Setting Goals for Healthy Eating and Lifelong Fitness

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