2 Day 1 Introduction Drama Drama – A story written to be performed by actors for an audience.Dialogue – conversation between the characters.Stage Directions – an instruction to an actor or director, written into the script of a play
3 Protagonist – the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work. Conflict – a fight, battle, or struggle, especially a prolonged struggle; strife.
4 Antagonists – a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another; opponent; adversary. Tragedy – a dramatic composition, often in verse, dealing with a serious or somber theme, typically that of a great person destined through a flaw of character or conflict with some overpowering force, as fate or society, to downfall or destruction.
5 Comedy – a play, movie, etc Comedy – a play, movie, etc., of light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful endingMelodrama – a dramatic form that does not observe the laws of cause and effect and that exaggerates emotion and emphasizes plot or action at the expense of characterization.
6 Elements of DramaCharacters – playwrights often provide short descriptions of major characters upon their first entrance on stage. When a play is printed a list of characters appears at the beginning often with a brief description.
7 Setting – The setting is the time and place in which the events of the play occur. Setting is important in creating mood. In plays, setting affects the views expressed by the characters. For example, The Crucible takes place in the American Colonies in the late 1600’s. Some views and opinions seem out of touch but made sense at the time.
8 Plot – A series of related events that revolve around a central conflict. Some plot concepts to remember: rising action, climax, falling action, resolution.
9 Dialogue – Most plays consist largely of dialogue, or conversation between the characters. In drama, the author must speak through the characters. Readers must decide which characters are expressing the author’s real beliefs.
10 Acts and Scenes – Many plays are divided into acts and scenes which indicate a change in location or the passage of time. Remember, the events of a play occur over a much longer period of time than the play takes to read or perform.
11 Background Macbeth is a play written by William Shakespeare.
12 It is considered one of his darkest and most powerful tragedies. Set in Scotland, the play shows the dissolving psychological and political effects produced when its protagonist, Macbeth, chooses evil as the way to fulfill his ambition for power.
13 The play is believed to have been written between 1603 and 1607, and is most commonly dated 1606. William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
14 Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon.
15 Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his physical appearance, sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.