Presentation on theme: "Understanding Social Structure"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Social Structure Miss Lynch6th Grade Social Studies
2 Basic Needs Three basic needs are: food, clothing, and shelter. What else does a society need to provide its members?Protection against outside groupsMaintain cooperation among its membersRaise and educate its young people
3 Customs Customs are: Customs include: A societies pattern of behavior to meet their needs.The ways that members of a society do things.Customs include:What they eatHow they dressHow they build their homesHolidays they celebrate
4 Roles Roles Gender Roles Based on rules for the proper behavior of individuals in particular positions and situations.Gender RolesAre roles that are assigned separately to men and women.
5 InstitutionsOrganizations, known as institutions, are developed by each society to make social roles clear and take care of social needs. The main types are:FamiliesSchoolsGovernment
6 Social StructurePeople who shares similar wealth and power are usually in the same social class.There are several types of social classes:Upper-Class: group that often inherits wealth and is in leadershipMiddle Class: group is educated and successfulWorking Class: group is made up of manual labor workers.Peasants: farm workers with little education.Lower Class: group is uneducated and unskilled, often poor.Social MobilityThe ability to move from one class to the other.
7 Belief SystemsEvery society has a set of beliefs, which are often closely tied to religionMost religions have 3 common elements:A set of beliefs about the nature of the universe and the existence of God/gods.A set of practices relating to worship and proper conduct in life.An organization, such as a church, which oversees the conduct of religious practices.