Presentation on theme: "Early Childhood Education 1A State Test Review. DAP How do children learn? Teacher vs Child directed activities Schedule Passive vs. Active Learning Five."— Presentation transcript:
DAP How do children learn? Teacher vs Child directed activities Schedule Passive vs. Active Learning Five areas of development Examples of fine and gross motor skills What are activities based on? Open vs. closed questioning Transitions examples: Lesson Plans activities should come from concepts and objectives
Guidance Why do children misbehave? Describe positive guidance techniques: If you become frustrated what should you do? What are limited choices Logical vs. Natural consequences Give examples of positive statements Consider room arrangement, number of children when planning activities Place distracted children by the teacher during circle time
Teacher Responsibilities 1.Responsibilities of a lead/head teacher are Make sure that skills and resources are available to teach children, completes paper work, expected to know licensing laws,… 2.Responsibilities of support teachers are Provide support for the teacher, use teacher’s lesson plans, provide one-on-one child attention, and provide reinforcement to the teacher, … 3.Calendaring is using a calendar to prepare and make sure that all curriculum is covered 4.Daily scheduling is showing that all daily activities will be occurring 5.Theme, objectives, concepts, procedures, and transitions are parts of a lesson plan
Four Stages of Art 1Scribbling3Schematic4Realism 2Pre Schematic
Music and Movement What do children learn with music and movement? What is least important? What should be considered When choosing songs?
Science Guidelines for choosing appropriate science and sensory activities include Hands on learning, build vocabulary, encourage curiosity, and letting children explore, discuss, and question. Observing, exploring, comparing, classifying, predicting, and discovering are examples of Science and sensory activities.
Dramatic Play This area is best done when there are few restrictions and a variety of props to help the child gain a better understanding of themselves, their world, and the roles of people. Trucks, hats, dolls, similar toys are examples of Props found in the dramatic or free play area.
Language What should you consider when choosing a book for a child? What does finger plays, books, and show and tell develop in young children?
Math What is the best way for children to count? What is a math manipulative? Serration: Sorting: Classification
Observations Why do we observe? Objective vs. Subjective Make three objective statements about the picture below
Room Arrangement Where would you put the following areas? Quiet/Active/Wet/Dry ArtareaBlock area Dramatic Reading areaPlay
Types of Childcare What is the difference between developmental, custodial, and comprehensive care? Hourly Preschool Montessori Headstart Lab school Onsite center Home care Daycare center
Employment Skills Positives before negatives when talking to parents What are some positive employment skills for working with children? What communication skills must you have? Child Care workers should have knowledge in child development Keep resume to one page Ask before putting reference on a resume
Health and Safety 1.Safety guidelines for a secure and healthy environment include Having a safety plan, supervise children at all times, maintain minimum teacher child ratio, have safety limits, practice safety plans (fire drills), develop plans for weather emergencies, know emergency procedures, recognize and report signs for child abuse, maintain a secure environment, use proper check in and check out procedures.
Health and Safety Continued Who gives children medicine? What should you do if a strangers comes to pick up a child? How should you keep personal information about children including health records? What do you do for a cut? How do you treat a minor burn? What should you do if there is an ill child in a group? What should you do if you suspect poisoning?
How long and when should you wash hands? What are signs of physical, emotional, sexual abuse, and neglect? What do you do if you suspect abuse? Never give asprin How should a baby be put to sleep? What is the purpose of snack? How should food be handled? What foods are best to feed children?
Standards and Laws What is a CDA? What are the requirements to be a child care center director? How old must you be to be a teacher? What must children have before entering child care? Health Department and Fire Department inspections Babies 1-4 Toddlers 1-7 1 toilet and sink for every 15 kids Outside laws