2 Characteristics of Expressway Driving Name five reasons expressways have lower collision rates than other highways.Cross traffic is eliminatedExpressways have a median or barrier between opposing lanes of traffic
3 Lower Collision RatesPedestrians, non-motorized vehicles, and slow-moving vehicles are not permitted on most expressways.Wide shoulders and extra-wide underpasses provide good escape paths.Expressway signs are designed to help drivers anticipate conditions well ahead.
8 Strategies for Driving on Expressways Travel at about the same speed as other vehiclesConform to posted minimum and maximum speed limitsHave your headlights on at all times so that you are more visible to other drivers
9 Expressway Strategies for Short Distances Have a travel planKnow the name, route or number for both entrance and exit ramps you will use
10 Express Strategies for Long Distances Plan stops for food, fuel, and restMake every effort to stay alert, use the IPDE Process constantly and be aware of traffic conditions in all your zones at all.
11 How to Enter An Expressway Properly The entrance ramp gives you time to evaluate zone conditions and determine the best speed as you prepare to enter the expressway.
12 Expressway EntrancesThe acceleration lane is usually long enough for you to search for a gap in which to merge and accelerate to the speed of traffic on the expressway.
13 Expressway Intersections The merging area is the third part of an expressway entrance where vehicles blend into the expressway traffic. Evaluate how much time and space you have in your open front zones for merging into the flow of traffic. Try to merge at the same speed as the vehicles in the nearest lane.
14 Entrance Ramp Problems Entering the wrong entrance rampOther vehiclesRestrictions on line of sight to expresswaySignsAcceleration Lane Problems
15 Entering From the LeftWhat some problems of entering the expressway form the left?Faster trafficBlocked view due to head restraints, roof, wallsHarder to see smaller cars, motorcycles
16 When Should the 3-Second Rule Be Increased? Following a large vehicle that is blocking your visionFollowing a motorcyclistDriving in bad weather or roadway conditionsDriving in heavy trafficBeing TailgatedDriving a heavy vehicle or pulling a trailerOperating a motorcycleEntering or Exiting an expressway
17 Lane Changing Change lanes one at a time Check traffic in outside and rearview mirrors as well as blind spotIf your path is clear, accelerate gently and move to the next laneCancel your signal once you have changed lanes
18 Exiting the Expressway Look of the Green guide sign and about half a mile from the exit, signal and be in the lane closest to the exit
19 Exiting the Expressway Try not to decelerate until you are in the deceleration laneMove to the deceleration lane and cancel your signalSlow gradually and keep a safe space cushion ahead and behind youIdentify the ramp speed limit and whether or not you will need to yield or stop
20 Highway Hypnosis What is Highway Hypnosis? When you have been driving for a long period of time you may be lulled into an inattentive, drowsy stateMore than 100,000 collisions in the US each year are caused by sleepiness
21 Velocitation What is Velocitation? Velocitation occurs when hours of driving fools you into thinking your vehicle is traveling slower than it really is. You might then unconsciously drive too fast.
22 Disabled VehicleCheck rear zones and signal. Pull as far as possible onto the shoulder or the median.Turn on your hazard lights. If the vehicle is not very far off the road, get everyone out and away from the vehicle.
23 Disabled Vehicle3) When it is safe to do so, raise the hood and tie a white cloth to the antenna or door handle. If you have a cell phone, call for help.4) If you have emergency flares or reflectors, set them out at least 500 feet behind your vehicle when it is safe to do so.
24 Disabled Vehicle5) Get back into your vehicle and lock all doors. Ask anyone who stops to assist you to go to a phone and call for help. Never get into a stranger’s vehicle.6) Do not stand in the expressway to direct traffic
25 TollboothsTollbooths are apart of driving in Illinois. When driving on a “Toll Road” you should:Carry money if you do not have an I-passSlow down to the designated speed limitBeware of your surroundings
26 Using Expressways Safely The three key factors that contribute to safe driving on expressways are:Cooperation among driversConcentration on the driving taskUse of the IPDE Process