Presentation on theme: "MANAGING RISK WITH THE IPDE PROCESS"— Presentation transcript:
1 MANAGING RISK WITH THE IPDE PROCESS CHAPTER 5MANAGING RISK WITH THE IPDE PROCESS
2 CHAPTER 5 MANAGING RISK WITH THE IPDE PROCESS 5.1 THE IPDE PROCESS 5.2 IDENTIFY AND PREDICT5.3 DECIDE AND EXECUTE5.4 USING THE IPDE PROCESS
3 RISK WHERE THE IS A CHANCE FOR LOSS, FINANCIALLY OR PHYSICALLY CHAPTER 5RISKWHERE THE IS A CHANCE FOR LOSS, FINANCIALLY OR PHYSICALLY
4 FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO DRIVING RISK DRIVER CONTRIBUTED RISKS:ADJUSTING RADIOBEING ANGRYHAVING BLURRED VISIONCOMBING HAIRDRINKING WHILE DRIVINGUSING A CELL PHONE
5 FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO DRIVING RISK Vehicle contributed risks:Bald TiresBad brakesDirty windshieldBroken headlightsWorn wipers
6 FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO DRIVING RISK Environment contributed risks:Bright sunConstructionDark shadowsSnow and iceSharp curve
7 THE IPDE PROCESSIS AN ORGANIZED SYSTEM OF SEEING, THINKING, AND RESPONDING“READING” TRAFFIC SITUATIONS TO GATHER INFORMATION IN ORDER TO MAKE YOUR DECISIONS AND EXECUTE THEM.
8 THE IPDE PROCESS IDENTIFY: Open and closed zones Clues Other users Roadway features and conditionsTraffic controls
9 PREDICT: Actions of others Speed Direction Control THE IPDE PROCESSPREDICT:Actions of othersSpeedDirectionControl
10 DECIDE: Change or maintain speed Change direction Communicate THE IPDE PROCESSDECIDE:Change or maintain speedChange directionCommunicate
11 THE IPDE PROCESS EXECUTE: Control your speed Steer Communicate Combine actions (ie. Multi-tasking)
12 THE SMITH SYSTEM Aim high in steering Keep your eyes moving Get the big pictureMake sure others see youLeave yourself an out
13 ZONE CONTROL SYSTEM See a zone change Check other zones Create time and space by getting the best speed control
14 OPEN ZONE: Any zone where you can drive without a restriction. ZONES AND SEARCHINGOPEN ZONE:Any zone where you can drive without a restriction.
15 ZONES AND SEARCHING LINE OF SIGHT: The distance you can see ahead in the direction you are looking.
16 PATH OF TRAVEL: The place where you intend to go ZONES AND SEARCHINGPATH OF TRAVEL:The place where you intend to go
17 ZONES AND SEARCHING TARGET AREA: the section of roadway where the target is located in the center of your intended path
18 Closed Zones:A space not open to you because of a restriction in your line of sight or intended path of travel.
19 Target Area Range: The space from your vehicle to the target area. ZONES AND SEARCHINGTarget Area Range:The space from your vehicle to the target area.
20 ORDERLY VISUAL SEARCH PATTERN A process of searching critical areas in a regular sequence.
21 Field of Vision Central Vision: Narrow area you can see very clearly directly in front of you.Peripheral Vision:The area you can see to the left and right outside your central vision.
22 DEPTH PERCEPTIONTHE ABILITY TO JUDGE THE RELATIVE DISTANCE OF OBJECTS CORRECTLY.
23 Look for clues that might lead to an open or closed zone. LOOK FOR OPEN ZONESLook for clues that might lead to an open or closed zone.
24 Anyone who might effect your intended path of travel. LOOK FOR OTHER USERSAnyone who might effect your intended path of travel.
25 GROUND VIEWINGGlancing at the front tires of approaching vehicles to help predict where they are headed.
26 LOOK FOR ROADWAY FEATURES Hills, Intersections, Curves, etc.
27 CHANGE FROM MULTILANE TO SINGLE LANE Be prepared to change lanes.Watch for others changing lanes
28 LOOK FOR TRAFFIC CONTROLS Be prepared to react to them in time.
29 Requires: Knowledge Judgment Experience HOW TO PREDICTRequires:KnowledgeJudgmentExperience
30 WHAT TO PREDICT? Actions of others Your control of your vehicle and the consequences of your actions
31 2 Decisions Decide to change speeds Decide to change direction
32 The area of space all around your vehicle. SPACE CUSHIONThe area of space all around your vehicle.
33 Lane position 1 Lane position 2 Lane position 3
34 DECIDE TO COMMUNICATE Headlights, taillights, brake lights Turn signalsParking lights or hazardsBack-up lightsHornCar positionEye contact
35 MINIMIZE THE HAZARDReduce the possibility of conflict by deciding to put more distance between yourself and the hazard
36 Adjusting your speed in order to deal with one hazard at a time. SEPARATE THE HAZARDSAdjusting your speed in order to deal with one hazard at a time.
37 Giving as much space as possible to the greater hazard COMPROMISE SPACEGiving as much space as possible to the greater hazard
38 COMMENTARY DRIVING:Thinking out loud while you drive.PRACTICE IPDE
39 IPDE TAKES TIMEThe most important thing to remember is that you must have time to see clues, predict actions, decide what to do, and perform the safest maneuver.Practice in low risk environments first, before moving into busier traffic.