 # 8.5 Properties of logarithms

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8.5 Properties of logarithms

Properties of Logarithms
Let b, u, and v be positive numbers such that b≠1. Product property: logbuv = logbu + logbv Quotient property: logbu/v = logbu – logbv Power property: logbun = n logbu

Use log53≈.683 and log57≈1.209 log53/7 = log521 = log53 – log57 ≈
Approximate: log53/7 = log53 – log57 ≈ .683 – = -.526 log521 = log5(3·7)= log53 + log57≈ = 1.892

Use log53≈.683 and log57≈1.209 Approximate: log549 = log572 = 2 log57 ≈ 2(1.209)= 2.418

Expanding Logarithms log2 = log27x3 - log2y = log27 + log2x3 – log2y =
You can use the properties to expand logarithms. log = log27x3 - log2y = log27 + log2x3 – log2y = log27 + 3·log2x – log2y

log 5mn = log 5 + log m + log n log58x3 = log58 + 3·log5x Your turn!
Expand: log 5mn = log 5 + log m + log n log58x3 = log58 + 3·log5x

Condensing Logarithms
log log2 – log 3 = log 6 + log 22 – log 3 = log (6·22) – log 3 = log = log 8

Your turn again! log57 + 3·log5t = log57t3 3log2x – (log24 + log2y)=
Condense: log57 + 3·log5t = log57t3 3log2x – (log24 + log2y)= log2

Change of base formula:
u, b, and c are positive numbers with b≠1 and c≠1. Then: logcu = logcu = (base 10) logcu = (base e)

Examples: log37 = log 7 ≈ log 3 1.771 ln 7 ≈ ln 3 1.771 (base 10)
Use the change of base to evaluate: log37 = (base 10) log 7 ≈ log 3 1.771 (base e) ln 7 ≈ ln 3 1.771

Assignment pg. 496 15 – 72 x 3’s and 80-85 all