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**8.5 Properties of logarithms**

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**Properties of Logarithms**

Let b, u, and v be positive numbers such that b≠1. Product property: logbuv = logbu + logbv Quotient property: logbu/v = logbu – logbv Power property: logbun = n logbu

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**Use log53≈.683 and log57≈1.209 log53/7 = log521 = log53 – log57 ≈**

Approximate: log53/7 = log53 – log57 ≈ .683 – = -.526 log521 = log5(3·7)= log53 + log57≈ = 1.892

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Use log53≈.683 and log57≈1.209 Approximate: log549 = log572 = 2 log57 ≈ 2(1.209)= 2.418

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**Expanding Logarithms log2 = log27x3 - log2y = log27 + log2x3 – log2y =**

You can use the properties to expand logarithms. log = log27x3 - log2y = log27 + log2x3 – log2y = log27 + 3·log2x – log2y

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**log 5mn = log 5 + log m + log n log58x3 = log58 + 3·log5x Your turn!**

Expand: log 5mn = log 5 + log m + log n log58x3 = log58 + 3·log5x

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**Condensing Logarithms**

log log2 – log 3 = log 6 + log 22 – log 3 = log (6·22) – log 3 = log = log 8

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**Your turn again! log57 + 3·log5t = log57t3 3log2x – (log24 + log2y)=**

Condense: log57 + 3·log5t = log57t3 3log2x – (log24 + log2y)= log2

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**Change of base formula:**

u, b, and c are positive numbers with b≠1 and c≠1. Then: logcu = logcu = (base 10) logcu = (base e)

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**Examples: log37 = log 7 ≈ log 3 1.771 ln 7 ≈ ln 3 1.771 (base 10)**

Use the change of base to evaluate: log37 = (base 10) log 7 ≈ log 3 1.771 (base e) ln 7 ≈ ln 3 1.771

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**Assignment pg. 496 15 – 72 x 3’s and 80-85 all**

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