Do Now: Solve the following equations: x 2 = 25 x 2 = 50 Explain your thinking.
Solving Quadratic Equations by Finding Square Roots March 5, 2015
Square Root of a Number If b 2 = a, then b is the square root of a. Example: If 3 2 = 9, then 3 is the square root of 9.
VocabularyV All positive real numbers have 2 square roots – Positive square root – principle square root Negative square root Square roots are written with a radical symbol √ Radicand – number inside the radical symbol
Positive or Negative To indicate that we want both the positive and the negative square root of a radicand we put the symbol ± (read as plus minus) in front of the root.
What about zero? Zero has one square root which is 0. Negative numbers don't have real square roots since a square is either positive or 0. The square roots of negative numbers are imaginary numbers. Example : √-9
A negative outside the Radicand A negative sign outside the radicand symbolizes the inverse of the square root. Example: -√9 = -3
Evaluate the expression 1.√64 2.-√64 3.√0 4.±√0.25 5.√-4
Which of the following are not perfect squares? a.-√121 b.-√1.44 c.√0.09 d.√7 √7 is the only irrational number
Radical Expressions The square root symbol is a grouping symbol. Evaluate √b 2 -4ac when a=1, b=-2, and c=-3
Solving x 2 = d If d > 0, then x 2 = d has 2 solution: + and – If d = 0, then x 2 = d has 1 solution: 0 If d < 0, then x 2 = d has no real solution.
Rationalizing the Denominator You CANNOT leave a radical in the denominator of a fraction! (the numerator is OK) Just multiply the top & bottom of the fraction by the radical to “rationalize” the denominator.