14 Parts of a Formal Report Memo of TransmittalTitle PageTable of Contents/List of IllustrationsExecutive SummaryTHE REPORT BODYReferencesAppendices
15 Letter (memo) of Transmittal Purpose is to transmit the report to the readerFirst paragraph begins directly, with the authorization, saying, in effect “Here is the report.”Middle paragraphs present pertinent comments by alluding to problem statement, factors, recommendations, or problems encountered.Last paragraph includes a goodwill closing with your contact information
16 ExampleLetter of Transmittal(you will write a memo)
17 Constructing the Title Be conciseBuild your title around the five Ws:Who:What: Analysis of . . .Where:When:Why: To accomplish what?
18 Title Page Include identification of yourself (complete address, etc.) Include title and identification of authorizer or recipient of the report (complete address, etc.)Date of writingLayout
20 Table of ContentsA list of the contents (all headings) in the report with page numbersInclude list of figures and tables – List of Illustrations (can be on same or separate page)Uses leaders to connect topics column to page number columnTable of contents is constructed last. WHY?
22 Executive Summary It is the report in miniature. It concisely summarizes all of the report’s essential facts.Includes problem statement, major factors, primary analyses, summary, conclusions, and recommendations.Use indirect order for this report (although can use direct order).No longer than one one page.
26 OverviewBackground concerns the historical development of the topic and relates it to the company situationProblem statement is presented in such a manner that it is positive in telling what the solution can do for the reader.Scope (or factors) you investigated and/or consideredLimitations (if any) are inadequacies or other things that impeded the investigationSources and methods of data collection tells how you got your factsReport preview tells the plan of the report
27 Overview Section Discussion Background – the “big picture”flowoflogicHow your institution affectedStatement of the ProblemScope (factors) investigatedLimitations, if anySources of informationReport preview
28 Report Body Presents the information collected Normally comprises the bulk of the reportFollows the sequence of factors laid out in the scope (factors) descriptionThoroughly discusses all investigations, analyses and findings
29 Factors in This Case You may have more and/or different ones, or have them organized differently. Description and types of casual attire policiesPotential effects on employees job satisfactionEffects on productivityEffects on employee communicationEffects on customer perceptionsEffects on potential employeesOther benefits and risks
30 Report EndingSummary and Conclusions covers main points of the factors discussed in the Report Body (not same as Executive Summary), and answers what you said you wanted to accomplish in your problem statement.Recommendations state the course of action you suggest authorizer to take.
31 Summary and Conclusions A summary is a brief restatement of the main facts presented under each factor. No new information is included in this section.A conclusion is an interpretation of the facts you gathered and discussed. A conclusion answers the question, “What do the facts mean?”
32 References Publication Manual of the APA Place references on next page after recommendations.For proper formatting of in-text references and reference page at end of report, use Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition (see Supplementary Section of Formatting and Writing the Formal Report handout).
33 AppendicesExpands upon, but not critical to, what is in report proper.Could include the employee survey instrument used to gather the primary data in this case.Each appendix is identified with a separate title pageIf more than one appendix, letter them with capital letters (A, B, C, etc.)
34 A few tips to get started on the writing: Use manuscript format, i.e., double space, indent each new paragraphDo not hit return twice between new paragraphs or sections – just continue double spacing.First section of the report proper, i.e., Overview, should be a level five heading. See Study Notes, p. 18.The Overview has no sub-headings. Use good transitions between paragraphs in this section, i.e., background, problem statement, scope (factors), limitations, data gathering methods, and preview of the report organization.
35 A few tips to get started on the writing: Two inch top margin on Overview page only1 ½ inch left margin, all others 1 inchPrefatory parts numbered center bottom with small Roman numerals (i, ii, iii)Rest numbered center bottom Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3)Numbering:Memo of Transmittal – not countedTitle page – counted as i, but number not shownAll other prefatory parts number in sequenceArabic numbers begin on Overview pageAppendix cover sheet counted but number not shown