Reminder Psychology: is the study of the way people think feel and act in everyday life.
I. Psychological Disorders Behaviors or mental processes that cause pain or make it so a person CAN’T deal with everyday life.
A. Identifying Psychological Disorders Almost 1/3 of people in the U.S. have some sort of psychological disorder at some point in their lives. So how do you know if you have a psychological disorder?
A. Identifying Psychological Disorders People with psychological disorders usually aren’t that different) from “normal people” (or the majority of the population). They often just have an exaggeration or are more extreme in terms of certain thoughts or behaviors.
A. Identifying Psychological Disorders Example: Wanting to be clean is pretty “normal” Having an urge to wash your hands until they bleed is not normal.
B. Symptoms of Psychological Disorders Note: Just because someone may exhibit some of these symptoms it does NOT necessarily mean that they definitely have a psychological disorder! It is EXTREMELY difficult to diagnose someone with a psychological disorder
B. Symptoms of Psychological Disorders Psychologists look at 4 different things to try to figure out if a person may have a psychological disorder.
1. Typicality How does a person’s thoughts or behavior compare to most people in that person’s culture? Are they “normal”?
2. Maladaptivity Do a person’s thoughts or actions make it hard for them to live normally in everyday life? Does the person have thoughts or behaviors that are dangerous to themselves or others? Ex) Alcohol abuse; suicide thoughts; physically abusive to others or oneself
3. Emotional Discomfort Does the person feel depressed, helpless, hopeless, worthless, guilty, or extremely sad? Do they maybe even feel like life is not worth living?
4. Socially Unacceptable Behavior Does a person exhibit behavior that goes against their society’s accepted “norms”? Depends on the society or culture
III. Classifying Psychological Disorders Once a psychologist believes that someone shows some signs of maybe having a psychological disorder they need to classify it to try to figure out exactly what disorder someone has so that it can be treated.
III. Classifying Psychological Disorders DSM IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Most widely used classification system for psychological disorders.
18 Dif categories of disorders Page 414 in textbook
B. 6 Major Types of Psychological Disorders 1. Anxiety Disorders 2. Dissociative Disorders 3. Somatoform disorders 4. Mood Disorders 5. Schizophrenia 6. Personality Disorders
Define the following words on your new vocabulary note cards template Typicality Maladaptivity Emotional Discomfort Socially Unacceptable Behavior DSM IV Anxiety Disorders Dissociative Disorders Somatoform Disorders Mood Disorders Schizophrenia Personality Disorders
Exit Slip 1. How are people with psychological disorders different from “normal” people? 2. How do psychologists try to figure out whether or not someone has a psychological disorder? You must write the answers to these and turn them in before you leave class!