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SECTION 7 Depression.

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Presentation on theme: "SECTION 7 Depression."— Presentation transcript:

1 SECTION 7 Depression

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3 Depression The impact of stroke on the survivor’s feelings and social life Understanding post-stroke depression Signs of post-stroke depression

4 Depression Stroke can affect: the survivor’s emotions and self-image.
relationships with family, friends, and others. Many people who survive a stroke feel fear, anxiety, frustration, anger, sadness, and grief for their physical and cognitive losses. These feelings are normal Some may feel they are on an emotional roller coaster. 4

5 Depression Some emotional disturbances and personality changes are also caused by the physical effects of brain damage. These feelings may or may not be depression. It is important for a doctor to decide if the person is depressed or just having a normal reaction to the effects of a stroke. 5

6 Depression Survivors who cannot speak can feel very isolated and frustrated by their inability to communicate. 6

7 After a stroke: First reactions
Shock - Why did this happen to me? How could this have happened? They may: wonder if they will survive worry about having another stroke be unsure what life will be like be concerned how their family will cope wonder if they will work again Anxiety is a normal reaction to the changes 7

8 After a stroke: Later reactions
As time passes the stroke survivor may have these feelings: Frustration about: Physical limits Memory loss Trouble speaking Fatigue from: Effects of stroke Increased effort needed to do routine tasks 8

9 After a stroke: Later reactions
Not seeming to care (lethargy) about social contact: Being embarrassed about physical changes Having trouble speaking or being understood Sadness about: Loss of abilities How they feel about themselves How they believe others feel about them 9

10 How you can help You can help stroke survivors find value in their lives: Be supportive and encourage the survivor. Find out how the survivor is feeling. Look for signs of depression or other emotions that affect the survivor in a negative way. Share your findings with the team. Allow the survivor to do what they can. Provide support if the task becomes too hard, frustrating or tiring. Offer positive feedback Gently offer information that helps the survivor be independent 10

11 Key point Less than half of survivors with post-stroke depression are identified. Learn to recognize the signs of depression and get help fast. If a survivor is thinking about death, dying, or ending their life, report this information to your supervisor immediately. 11

12 Post –stroke depression
It is normal to feel sadness and a sense of loss after a stroke. But sometimes a stroke survivor can develop a true clinical depression. Depression is a sense of hopelessness. It disrupts a person’s ability to function. It is common among stroke patients. Depression can be treated. And the faster it is treated, the better. 12

13 Post –stroke depression
Post-stroke depression can occur right after stroke. Most often, it develops within 3 months. Depression can also occur up to 2 years after stroke. Depression gets in the way of physical and mental recovery Depression in a stroke survivor can also affect the health of caregivers at home. 13

14 Post-stroke depression
Is it “the blues” or clinical depression? 14

15 Signs of post-stroke depression
Physical signs Trouble sleeping Weight loss Decreased energy Easily fatigued 15

16 Signs of post-stroke depression
Attitudes Not caring about anything Loss of interest in things that were previously enjoyed Negativity: everything is gloomy Self-focus: me, myself and I Difficulty connecting to others 16

17 Signs of post-stroke depression
Emotions Feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness Sadness and anxiety or nervousness Thoughts of death and suicide Difficulty coping, easily overwhelmed 17

18 Signs of post-stroke depression
Mental function Difficulty concentrating Problems making decisions Confused, feeling of living in a fog Short-term memory problems 18

19 How you can help Know the survivor
Get to know the survivors you look after. It can help you identify mood changes Take the time to listen Talk to family and friends Have team discussions. Learn about the survivors you look after from other staff 19

20 How you can help Communicate with the survivor
Depression is a medical illness. Always communicate with caring and hope. Be accepting – not judgmental Learn how to communicate with survivors who have communication problems Ask survivors how they are feeling. If they are feeling pain, make sure they get treatment to relieve the pain 20

21 How you can help Observe the survivor Look for: New symptoms
Sudden changes in behaviour or personality Signs of depression lasting more than 2 weeks Sleeping or napping more than usual No longer attending favourite social activities. 21

22 How you can help Support the survivor
Find out what resources are available Let survivors know about activities and assistance Help them plan and structure the day. Routine can help people adjust 22

23 How you can help Encourage the survivor to do things
Help them get to activities they enjoy Spend time with them in activities such as playing cards or board games Find activities that make them feel better, such as listening to music, watching videos, or reading 23

24 How you can help Encourage emotional expression
Allow stroke survivors to express their grief and sadness about what they have lost Always give them hope that things can improve Share what you learn with the rest of the team 24

25 Test yourself Are these statements true or false? True False
1. Post-stroke depression is often not identified. 2. Depressed people can just “snap out of it”. 3. Asking a depressed person about suicidal thoughts is dangerous. 4. A person who has had a stroke is at higher risk for depression. 5. A stroke survivor who is depressed may experience physical, emotional, and cognitive changes. 6. “The blues” and clinical depression are the same thing. 7. Depression is a treatable medical illness. 8. I can help identify depression in a survivor by really listening to and knowing them. 9. When I see the signs and symptoms of depression in a survivor I should keep it to myself. 25

26 Answers True False False True 26

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