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Training Needs for Librarians in Digital Libraries Gerhard Budin University of Vienna

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Presentation on theme: "Training Needs for Librarians in Digital Libraries Gerhard Budin University of Vienna"— Presentation transcript:

1 Training Needs for Librarians in Digital Libraries Gerhard Budin University of Vienna

2 Overcoming the culture clash ‘Traditional’ communities of librarians, archivists, documentalists, museum curators, etc. Computer scientists who developed an interest in digital libraries (see for instance the ECDL community in recent years) -> ‘cross-fertilization‘ has started, and it is gaining momentum -> toward a ‘new species‘ of truly digital librarians, cybrarians, digital archivists, virtual museum specialists, etc. -> division of labor and cooperative work, workflows

3 Cross-disciplinary competence mix needed for new professional profiles ICT, metadata architectures, data modelling, dbm, web engineering, new media management, data warehouses and repositories, W3C/ISO standards and technologies, interoperability/access protocols, mining, filtering, HLT, … Digitization techniques, intellectual property mgmt. Storage, archiving, preserving methods and strategies Information design, web design, usability engineering, user studies, web services, CRM, communication strategies Digital library management, collection management, collaborative/federated approaches, content management, project mgmt., cross-cultural and multilingual issues Knowledge organization, ontologies, advanced indexing and retrieval methods, visualization...

4 New Policies for Digital Culture Discuss broad concepts of culture Strengthening the cooperation among heterogeneous entities and networks Interlink local and global responsibilities Assessing the impacts of digitization Toward user orientation, targeting, focusing Enabling, empowering, emancipating Best practices, standards, for both, low end and high end technologies Economic models, sustainability Intellectual property right management Information ecologies, epistemologies

5 Scientific and Cultural Digital Heritage -> to cover all aspects of culture Science as culture Popular culture A coherent content management approach needed, beyond preservation and digitization Beyond mere access toward re-use, re- integration, re-interpretation of historical information Think of the history and heritage of tomorrow (today’s culture is the heritage of tomorrow) We need many more digital cultural heritage specialists

6 Cultural technologies Preservation technologies Digitization technologies Storage, archiving technologies Visualization technologies Digital libraries, digital archives, virtual museums Access methods, information filtering Virtual reality technologies Copyright management technologies New cultures: online cultures, net art, telepresence, virtual communities, etc.

7 An example: the i-MASS project Information Management and Interoperability of Content for Distributed Systems of High Volume Data Repositories through Multi-agent Systems EU-IST-KAIII-IAF (2001-2004)

8 The vision: Virtual Reference Rooms Integration of several pilot projects in digital culture into a coherent system Using a distributed meta-information system for accessing heterogeneous cultural information Interoperability of content Building of ontologies User modelling Technical approach: XML, RDF, XMLS, RDFS, JDBC, RQL, agent technologies

9 Knowledge landscape and content interoperability

10 Goals Toward a new understanding of –cultures, digital cultures, forms of art –Data, information, knowledge, content New epistemological models of online culture From cultural heritage to a global knowledge heritage as a pre-requisite for creating new knowledge Contributing to new professional profiles with new competences

11 Challenges ‘Semantic Web’, ‘Trans-cultural Web’ Interaction between personal knowledge, objective knowledge, between local and global knowledge Convergence of language technologies, media technologies, cultural technologies Ecological models Life-long learning for librarians, information specialists, cultural heritage professionals

12 Merging Communities Four groups involved Subject experts (history of art, anthropology, linguistics, etc.) Computer scientists, engineers Librarians, archivists, museum curators Managers, marketing experts -> finding a common understanding of the goals and of the methods to reach them -> a basic knowledge of the “other” communities is necessary

13 Implications for Education and Training New curricula for basic degrees and advanced degrees New specializations (M.A./M.Sc/PhD) Cross-disciplinary degrees (cultural studies, historical disciplines, philosophy (of science), the subject disciplines (humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, law, medicine, life sciences, etc.), archival studies, library and information science, computer science, linguistics, economics, arts) Continuous education, on-site training, professional development, Integration with applied research

14 Implications for academic, research, and training institutions Changing their structures New teaching methods, new pedagogical models – eLearning, blended learning approaches Building learning communities, communities of practice (CoP) using eLearning platforms Train the trainers, professional development of teachers, researchers Cooperative approaches and cross-disciplinary efforts (at local, national, regional (e.g. ICIMSS), European, international levels), increasing the mobility, division of labor, alliances between different types of institutions

15 European Masters and Doctorates Common practice in some disciplines Ministries of education encourage universities to enter joint degree programs and supra-national initiatives Currently a work package in E-CultureNet to design a European Master and a European PhD program in Digital Culture (covering specializations such as museum management, archival management, digital library management, preservation of cultural objects, etc.): Benedetto Benedetti at Scuola Normale in Pisa (building upon their international courses in Cortona), Francesca Bocci in Bologna, Manfred Thaller in Cologne, Gerhard Budin in Vienna, ICIMSS, Free University Amsterdam, many “memory institutions” and companies are actively involved, and additional partners are highly welcome! Still many legal, administrative, and logicistical problems have to be tackled

16 Cooperation in E-CultureNet Focus: education and research in digital culture At present a thematic network project in the digicult area –Research matrix –NAS and beyond –DEER (distributed Europ. electronic resource) –European Masters/Doctorates EoI for 6FP, consortium building going on, cooperation with other groups, membership being extended in NAS and beyond

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