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Chapter 2. Patterns of Early Civilizations Geography Review ?s 1.Why is knowing a location on the globe important? 2.What does a group of peoples location.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2. Patterns of Early Civilizations Geography Review ?s 1.Why is knowing a location on the globe important? 2.What does a group of peoples location."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 2

2 Patterns of Early Civilizations

3 Geography Review ?s 1.Why is knowing a location on the globe important? 2.What does a group of peoples location on the earth tell you about their culture?

4 Time Period Achievements Stone Age & First Civilizations – date range (huge) Geography – centers of power People Achievements – 30 + Changing Powers, Emergence of Europe, Imperialism – date range Geography – centers of power People Achievements – advances in technology Nationalism, Cold War, Today – date range Geography – centers of power People - specifics Achievements – further advances in technology Write 5 to 7 sentences about the achievements and advancements made during your time period. Every student must hand in their own written summary!

5 Stone Age & First Civilizations Date Range – more than 2 million years ago- 1300 Centers of Power – eastern Africa (great rift valley), southeast Asia, Huang he valley of china, central America (Aztecs and Incas). Mesopotamia (Iraq). Nile Valley (Egypt) pg 29. Achievements – made stone tools, weapons, chipped rocks to make simple knives, made spears, made wheels, learned to control fire, created government and religion. Language, social classes, record keeping, built temples, large buildings, pyramids, (Egypt), Great Wall. Trading slaves, irrigation and farming.

6 Changing Powers, Emergence of Europe, Imperialism Date Range- 1300s (Renaissance) -1900 (world war one) Centers of Power- Mediterranean, china, Rome, India, Africa, America, Mexico, changes to western Europe and the united states Achievements- small European kingdoms were fighting for land, they discovered new regions, soldiers, & settlers, started claiming lands in America, settle trading posts in Africa, etc building on ancient learning, magnetic compass invented by China and improved by Europeans, gun powder (taken from Chinese), new weapons (muskets and cannons) Industrial Rev-Machines replaced hand tools, steam and electricity took the pace of human and animal power

7 Stone Age to First Civilizations Date range- 2 million years ago until the 1300’s Centers of Power- Indus valley (India), Huang He Valley (china), Early American civilization (Aztec, Inca), Eastern Africa (great rift valley), Columbia, Mesopotamia (Iraq) (page 29) Achievements- learned to make stone tools and weapons. Such as spears and arrowheads. Also created language, learned to farm and domesticate and tame animals, and hunt larger animals with tools. Started writing things down. Created shelter. Pyramids. Great wall of china.

8 Stone Age to First Civilizations Date Range: 2 million years ago – 1000A.D. Place: Africa, River Valleys, Nile River (Africa), Indus River (India), Huang He (China), Caribbean (South America, Mexico), Mesopotamian (Iraq) – page 29 People: Nomads, farmers Achievements: arrowheads out of chipped rocks, spears, learned how to control fire and develop languages, began hunting, traveling for food, adapting to climates/landforms, clothing out of animal skin, started agricultural revolution, Governments, priest-kings, pictography, artisans, tamed animals, formed languages, surplus food

9 Changing Powers, Emergence of Europe, Imperialism Date range: 1350- 1914 Location: Europe, United States Changing centers of power: Holy roman empire into Belgium, Dutch, British, French, Italian, Portuguese People: Vasco da Gama, Christopher Columbus, Europeans, Muslims, and Kublai Khan Achievements: Stealing the magnetic Compass from the Chinese; New weapons such as muskets and cannons stolen along with gunpowder. Trading over the seas, westernization of Africans, Asians, and Native Americans, spread of Christianity. Industrial Revolution

10 Changing Powers, Emergence of Europe, Imperialism Date Range- 1300-1914(renaissance to world war 1) Centers of Power Europe Japan America Achievements compass (taken from china) gun powder (taken from china) muskets and cannons money economy (gold, silver, cash money) westernization of America, Africa, Asia. Oversea trading. Trains and railroads planes cars. Industrial revolution

11 Nationalism, Cold War (USSR, USA), Today Date Range- 1800-today Centers of Power-European countries, Italy, Germany, America, India, China Achievements- Formed major countries out of small states (Asia, Africa) Soviets and USA made technological advances. (Space Exploration, Nuclear weapons, and computers), acceptance of people, People- Hitler, Martin Luther King jr., Stalin, Obama, Mussolini, George Bush

12 Nationalism, Cold War ( USSR vs. USA), Today Date Range – 1800 - Present Centers of Power – Italy, Germany, Europe, United States, China, Japan, India Achievements – soviet union collapsed, advances in transportation (cars, planes), telephones, TV, computers/internet, clocks (sun dial to digital), weapons (nuclear), safety (school drills, airport security), formation of new countries in Africa and Asia

13 Nationalism, Cold War (USSR vs. USA), Today Date Range – during the 1800’s – today. Centers of Power – Africa, Asia, Latin America (developing regions) Germany, America, USSR, China, India (modernized) Achievements – Developing technology; phones, cars, internet, planes harvest cash crops, Soviet Union money weapons (nuclear) Independence in Africa, Asia. New hope for an end to the arms race for superpowers.

14 Stone Age People 2,000,000 years ago, eastern Africa Gathered fruits & nuts Hunted small animals

15 Early Achievements of Stone age people Creation of small tools Controlled fire Developed language Gained knowledge; created better tools Became nomads

16 1 st Agricultural Revolution 10,000 years ago Tamed and domesticated animals Farmed SE Asia, Middle East, Americas, 1 st farming societies People created permanent settlements

17 1 st Agricultural Revolution Families grew Religions developed –Polytheistic – gods controlled the success of harvests, hunts, daily life, etc Governments developed New technologies for farming Language evolved

18 1 st Civilizations (these facts will be the same for each group of people we study this year) Civilization – a highly organized group of people with their own language and ways of living Developed near rivers/ bodies of water Well organized governments

19 1 st Civilizations (these facts will be the same for each group of people we study this year) Religions Language Specialized skills & jobs Social classes

20 World Powers in 1300 China, Middle East, Africa Regions became wealthy through trade Europe was in the Middle Ages at this time and was not a world power

21 Identifications - Review Monotheism Dictatorship Culture Diffusion Ethnocentrism Nomad Urbanization Civilization

22 Shaping the Industrial World Section 2

23 Emergence of Europe Strong central governments grew in Europe Europe gained control of trade routes in the 1500s & 1600s, new ships New Technology –Ancient Learning, Muslim Scholars –Gun Powder & Compass, China –New weapons and Inventions New economies - capital



26 Trade Routes

27 Empires of 1300s China, India, Middle East, Americas lose power when trade routes change Europeans gain control of trade b/c of superior technology Europe begins Age of Discovery and Imperialism

28 Industrial Revolution European Nations gain strength through Industrializing They use their technology (weapons) to gain territory and wealth More food production/population growth Factories increased speed of production Growth of cities – urbanization

29 Imperialism – 1870-1914 The control of one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country

30 Effects of Imperialism Westernization – adoption of western culture Europeans controlled natural resources in Africa and Asia (gold, diamonds, rubber, spices, etc.) Africa, India, China fall further behind industrialized world

31 Nationalism 1914-1945 Pride and loyalty towards your own country A reaction of Africa, India, Asia towards Imperialism Movement to create independent nations free from European control

32 Identifications Population Density Cash Crop Modernization Literacy Imperialism Westernization Nationalism 1 st Agricultural Revolution

33 The Cold War 1945-1980s USA & USSR use their influence after WWII USA & USSR fight for control of natural resources (Oil, trade, natural gas)

34 The Other Side of Outsourcing Disposable Income Disposable Time Positive Changes to India Negative Changes to India

35 Goals of Modernizing Nations Political Stability Economic Diversity Increased Education Better Services

36 Problems facing Developing Nations Population Explosion Urbanization Extreme Debt Gap between Rich and Poor Reaction to Cultural Change

37 Issues of Global Concern Refugees – war forces people to move from home nation Drugs – no explanation needed Terrorism – no explanation needed The Environment – it won’t last forever Human Rights Rapid change of technology

38 Groups that help Developing Coutnries The United Nations (UN)

39 Critical Thinking How does the outsourcing video on India show diffusion, disposable time and income, generation gaps, global interdependence, and goals of modernizing nations?

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