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HIV & AIDS. HIV INFECTION HIV-The most serious incurable STI HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

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Presentation on theme: "HIV & AIDS. HIV INFECTION HIV-The most serious incurable STI HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus."— Presentation transcript:


2 HIV INFECTION HIV-The most serious incurable STI HIV-Human Immunodeficiency Virus

3 STAGES OF HIV INFECTION Asymptomatic Stage-The person experience flu like systems. During this stage the virus destroys helper T cells. Symptomatic Stage- When the person experience symptoms. Symptoms include weight loss, fever, diarrhea, and fungal infections. This may not appear until 7 to 10 years. AIDS- Usually marks low number of T cells in blood. They experience very severe symptoms then symptomatic stage.

4 TRANSMISSION OF HIV Sexual Contact- Transmitted through any form of sexual contact includes-body fluids, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. Shared Needles- Contaminated with blood of an infected person. Contact With Blood- Open cut or sore. Mother to Baby- During pregnancy, birth or breast-feeding.

5 SAFE BEHAVIORS HIV is not transmitted by casual contact. You can’t get HIV by holding hands or hugging an infected person. The Safety of Donated Blood- Risk of getting HIV from blood transfusion is extremely small. Blood tests positive for HIV antibodies is discarded.

6 GLOBAL PROBLEM With approximately 40 million people are infected around the world, HIV and AIDS represent a global health problem. Africa- 80 million Africans may die from AIDS by 2025 Asia-HIV are increasing in parts of Asia. 5 million people are living with HIV and AIDS in India. High Risk Groups-In Africa 75% of young people are women who are infected with the disease. Due to lack of information on how to protect themselves. Education and Protection- Several international organizations are working to lessen the toll that HIV and AIDS.

7 PREVENTING HIV INFECTION Practice Abstinence Avoid Drugs Avoid contact with Blood or Body Fluids Sexual Fidelity in Marriage Barrier Protection

8 TESTING FOR HIV HIV-Positive Diagnosis- If a person is diagnosed as HIV positive they need to notify all previous sexual partners so that they can also get tested. Reason for follow up Testing- Antibodies usually show up within three months after infection.

9 TREATMENT FOR HIV AND AIDS Goal of treatment- keep the person’s immune system functioning as close to normal as possible. Viral load- keep the person’s T as low as possible Keep T cell count as high as possible. Combination Drug Therapy- Highly Active AntiRetroviral Therapy. Use a combination of drugs to reduce the viral load in the blood. Living with HIV- Eat right, exercising and getting plenty of sleep are important. The Need for Support- People with HIV need support as well as their loves ones to help deal with this virus. Support includes counseling, healthcare services, and financial assistance.

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