Culture – products both material and nonmaterial the people create Material Non - Material
The Components of Culture Symbols – anything that represents something else. Language – the combination of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system. Спасибо Thank you
Values – Shared beliefs of what is good and bad. – Killing people is bad – Helping people is good Norms – Shared expectations of behavior – Two types Folkways --- common customs; not a lot of importance attached to them. They do not threaten society Mores --- great moral significance to them. Violating these threatens the fabric of society.
Laws – written rules of conduct enforced by the government. Can originate out of either folkways or mores. – 1917 Teachers were not allowed to go to ice cream shops unaccompanied. Did this law start as a folkway or more? – Current law in Baldwin Park: No one is allowed to ride a bicycle in a swimming pool Did this law start as a folkway or more?
What do All cultures have in common? Cultural Universals Arts and Leisure – Sports, dancing, decorative art, games, music Basic needs – Cooking, clothing, housing
Beliefs – Body adornment, dream interpretation, folklore, funeral rites, religious rituals, weather control Communication and Education – Education, language, greetings
Family – Courtship, family feasting, kin groups, marriage Government and Economy – Calendar, division of labor, government, law, property rights, status differentiation, trade
Technology – Medicine, toolmaking High School Universals At your table group, come up with examples of the 7 universals as they apply to high schools.