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Earthquakes and Tectonics Vocab Waves Boundaries General Info Random 100 200 300 400 500
The point on Earth’s surface directly above the earthquakes focus Answer
Energy released in the form of vibrations that travel outward in all directions from the focus through the surrounding rock Answer
Seismic Waves Home
A primary wave, or compression wave, that causes rock to move in a back and forth motion Answer
P Waves Home
A giant ocean wave that forms after an earthquake Answer
A region of numerous, closely spaced faults Answer
Fault Zone Home
A secondary body wave that causes rock to move in a side to side motion Answer
Home S wave
The location within Earth along a fault at which the first motion of an earthquake occurs Answer
This type of surface wave moves side to side and perpendicular to the direction the waves are traveling Answer
Love wave Home
This type of surface wave causes the ground to move with an elliptical, rolling motion Answer
Raleigh Wave Home
The primary, compression wave that moves through solids and liquids Answer
Home. P waves
Boundary between two plates that are colliding, creating a mountain range Answer
Boundary where two plates are dividing, creating a mid-ocean ridge Answer
What is created when two oceanic plates collide? Answer
An Island Arc Home
The boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other horizontally Answer
Transform Boundary Home
What type of boundary commonly causes earthquakes? Answer
Transform Boundary Home
Answer What is the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape, causing an earthquake?
Elastic Rebound Home
What can studying seismic waves tell scientists? Answer
What the layers of the Earth are made of, and where the shadow zones are located Home
What is can be created when an earthquakes epicenter is on the ocean floor? Answer
What is the strength of an earthquake? Answer
Answer What do we call the amount of damage an earthquake does?
What are the two body waves we have learned about? Answer
Primary and Secondary waves ( P and S waves) Home
What instrument creates a Seismogram? Answer
What are the two types of surface waves we learned about? Answer
Love and Raleigh Waves Home
True or False: The closer a city is to an epicenter, the more likely it is to have substantial damage Answer
What are the two scales that measure magnitude? Answer
Richter scale and moment magnitude Home
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