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Japan: -Cultural Diffusion- -Shintoism-

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Presentation on theme: "Japan: -Cultural Diffusion- -Shintoism-"— Presentation transcript:

1 Japan: -Cultural Diffusion- -Shintoism-
EQs: How did Japan experience cultural diffusion? What are some beliefs found in Shintoism? How did the Tokugawa Shogunate impact Japan?

2 Map of Diffusion Japanese culture includes: original traditions
ideas borrowed from Korea and China

3 Japan & Korea These cultures meet due to warfare and trade
Korea acts as a bridge between Japan and China Korea introduces Chinese writing system (c.500CE) Buddhism

4 Japan & China C. 600CE = Japan sends nobles to study Chinese culture
During China’s Tang Dynasty, Japan imports ideas directly from China CE = Japan blends the best Chinese ideas with their own traditions This creates Japan’s specific culture

5 Japanese Language C. 800CE = Japan adapts Chinese writing
Japan has their own language Chinese symbol for “life” Japanese symbol for “life”

6 The Tokugawa Shogunate
In 1603, the Tokugawa shogunate was founded This shogunate stabilized Japan by bringing the fighting daimyo under control The Tokugawa ran a centralized feudal government Japan’s economy prospered due to having a stabilized society New seeds & farming techniques allow farmers to produce more food Population grows Trade increases By 1638, the Tokugawa only allowed internal trade (among the Japanese islands) Advances in culture Tea ceremony Landscape gardening Kabuki theater Haiku

7 Customs & Art: China’s Influence
Tea drinking, tea ceremonies (Zen Buddhism) Music, dancing, Kabuki Theater Rock garden design & landscaping Architecture Pagoda style Buddhist monasteries

8 Belief Systems in Japan
As Japanese civilization developed, various religions were practiced Shintoism Buddhism Zen Buddhism Confucianism The Garan, the central temple complex in the town of Koyasan

9 Shintoism Japan’s traditional religion
Shinto = “the way”, or “the way of the gods” To practice Shinto, one must worship the “kami” Kami = spirits found in all living and nonliving things Kami control the forces the nature Attempt to win the favor of the kami through praying, offerings, and visiting shrines “Tsumairi” style shrine

10 Effects of Shintoism Followers help unite all of Japan
Strong respect for the natural world in Japan Shrines built in places of natural beauty & they appear throughout Japan Torii Gate: The Torii gate, as seen above, is the entrance to a Shinto shrine; the gate may be on land or water

11 Beliefs from China to Japan
Zen Buddhism develops in China and spreads throughout Japan Zen Buddhists value peace, simple living, nature, and beauty Confucian ideals of proper behavior and social order are popular in Japan Japan likes the ideas of family loyalty, honoring parents, and the respect for education

12 Exit Ticket On 1/2 sheet of paper, answer the following questions in complete sentences. How did Japan experience cultural diffusion? Describe two examples. What is a major belief found in Shintoism? How did the Tokugawa shogunate influence Japan?

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