2 What is Depth of Knowledge (DOK)? Refers to the complexity of thinking skills that a task requires.NOT determined by the verb of the task/skill (define, describe, analyze), but the context in which the verb/skill is used and the depth of thinking required.
3 DOK is about complexity— not difficulty! Level 1: requires students to use simple skills or abilities. Level 2: includes the engagement of some mental processing beyond recalling. Level 3: requires some higher level mental processing like reasoning, planning, and using evidence. Level 4: requires complex reasoning, planning, developing, and thinking over an extended period of time
4 Using the Same Verb more Complexly Level 1- Describe three characteristics of metamorphic rocks. (Simple recall) Level 2- Describe the difference between metamorphic and igneous rocks. (Requires cognitive processing to determine the differences in the two rock types) Level 3- Describe a model that you might use to represent the relationships that exist within the rock cycle. (Requires deep understanding of rock cycle and a determination of how best to represent it)
5 DOK 1Emphasis is on facts and simple recall of previously taught information. This also means following simple steps, recipes, or directions.Can be difficult without requiring reasoning.At DOK 1, students find “the right answer,” and there is no debating the “correctness,” it is either right or wrong.
6 DOK Level 1 Examples List animals that survive by eating other animals Locate or recall facts found in textDescribe physical features of placesDetermine the perimeter or area of rectangles given a drawing or labelsIdentify elements of music using musical terminologyIdentify basic rules for participating in simple games and activities
7 DOK 2Requires comparison of two or more concepts, finding similarities and differences, applying factual learning at the basic skill level.Requires deeper knowledge than just the definitionMain ideaStudents must explain “how” or “why” and often estimate or interpret to respond.
8 DOK Level 2 Examples Compare desert and tropical environments Identify and summarize the major events, problem, solution conflicts in literary textExplain the cause-effect of historical eventsPredict a logical outcome based on information in a reading selectionExplain how good work habits are important at home, school and on the job.Classify plane and three dimensional figuresDescribe various styles of music
9 DOK 3Students must reason or plan to find an acceptable solution to a problem.More than one correct response or approach is possible.Requires complex or abstract thinking, and application of knowledge or skill in a new and unique situation.
10 DOK Level 3 ExamplesCompare consumer actions and analyze how these actions impact the environmentAnalyze or evaluate the effectiveness of literary elements ( e.g. characterization, setting, point of view, conflict and resolution)Solve a multiple-step problem and provide support with a mathematical explanation that justifies the answerDevelop a scientific model for a complex ideaPropose and evaluate solutions for an economic problemCreate a dance that represents the characteristics of a culture
11 DOK 4At this level, students typically identify a problem, plan a course of action, enact that plan, and make decisions based on collected data.Usually involves more time than one class period.Multiple solutions are possible.Students often connect multiple content areas to come up with unique and creative solutions.
12 DOK Level 4 ExamplesGather, analyze, organize, and interpret information from multiple sources to draft a reasoned reportAnalyzing author’s craft (e.g. style, bias, literary techniques, point of view)Create an exercise plan applying the FITT Principle(frequency, intensity time and type)Analyze and explain multiple perspectives or issues within or across time periods, events or culturesWrite and produce an original play
13 Some general rules of thumb… If there is only one correct answer, it is probably level DOK 1 or DOK 2DOK 1: you either know or you don’tDOK 2 (conceptual): apply one concept, then make a decision before going on and applying a second conceptIf more than one solution/approach, requiring evidence, it is DOK 3 or 4DOK 3: Must provide supporting evidence and reasoning (not just HOW solved, but WHY – explain reasoning)DOK 4: all of “3” + use of multiple sources or texts
14 DOK Tasks ActivityAs a table group, you will DOK tasks. You’ll need a set of task cards.Deal the DOK task cards out to members at the table.Lay out the 4 “DOK Example” headers on the table.First person places one of the task cards under the appropriate header, explaining the rationale for the placement.The table group confirms the placement or comes to consensus for another placement---be sure to articulate the rationale for the placement using DOK rubrics.Continue and repeat the process until all tasks have been DOK’ed.