Presentation on theme: "Meaningful Social Studies & Meaningful Learning"— Presentation transcript:
1 Meaningful Social Studies & Meaningful Learning Chapters 1 and 2
2 In your small group, answer: What is Social Studies?What is meaningful social studies?What is meaningful learning?What is the biggest hindrance in teaching social studies to elementary school aged children?
3 What is social studies?NCSS defines social studies as "the integrated study of the social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence.”It is multidisciplinaryIt is personal. Students take in information and interpret it in terms of their own prior experiences and knowledge.Goal: to help young people develop the ability to make informed and reasoned decisions for the public good (citizenship).
4 Powerful Social Studies MeaningfulIntegrativeValue BasedChallengingActive
5 Powerful Social Studies is Constructed Students construct their own knowledge by being given the chance to make observations of, and interact with, a variety of sources and educational materials.Students conclusions are developed through the values they, their families, and community have.
6 Powerful Teaching/Powerful Learning The more teachers are able to use instructional activities that give students greater control of their learning activities, the more active their learning becomes.When students “do” social studies, they draw on thinking skills and knowledge that helps them understand their social world.
7 The Great ConnectionSS is the core to which all parts of the curriculum can be tied. Integration is important because the real world integrates all areas.SS is an interdisciplinary approach that relies heavily on the social sciences and history to achieve its goal of preparing people to be active citizens of a democracy.
8 The National Standards: 10 Themes I. CultureII. Time, Continuity, and ChangeIII. People, Places, and EnvironmentIV. Individual Development and IdentityV. Individuals, Groups, and InstitutionsVI. Power, Authority, and GovernanceVII. Production, Distribution, and ConsumptionVIII. Science, Technology, and SocietyIX. Global ConnectionsX. Civic Ideals and Practices
9 Meaningful LearningMeaningful social studies learning is an active construction process.A network of experiences, ideas, and relationships come together to form knowledge.Learning social studies meaningfully depends on the prior knowledge of the learner, the focus of the learner’s attention, and the learners interaction with events, people, and objects during instruction.
10 Traditional Teaching Behavioral Learning Theory Teacher Guided Views knowledge as transmitted by the teacher or textbook.Uses strategies that enhance memorization and recall.Useful for recalling of facts.Does not encourage students to find meaning in what they are learning.
11 Constructivist Approach Encouraging students to find meaning often brings about conceptual change.
12 What is Conceptual Change? Conceptual change occurs when students change their concepts.Students do not give up their ideas without being convinced that the new idea is better and more useful.The constructivist approach allows students to:recall prior knowledgeconnect new idea to prior knowledgecompare and confront prior knowledge with new ideause metacognition; think about their own thinking
13 The Learning Cycle Lesson The learning-cycle approach is designed to sequence the key elements of constructivist learning which allows students to:become aware of their prior knowledgecompare new ideas to their prior knowledgeconfront their prior knowledgeresolve their confrontation by constructing their “new” social studies ideaconnect the new idea to what is already knownapply and transfer the new idea in novel situations
14 The Learning Cycle Lesson The learning-cycle lesson fosters meaningful learning.Three phases of the lesson; exploratory introduction, lesson development, expansionEach phase has a different purpose and requires different student and teacher actions.All three phases need to be completed for meaningful learning of an idea to take place.Assessment takes place at each phase.Each learning cycle builds on the previous one.
15 Small Group Activity Discuss and be prepared to share: Each group has been given one phase of the learning cycle lesson.Discuss and be prepared to share:what the lesson phase is designed to dothe key elements of the lesson phaseactivites appropriate for this phaseassessments useful for this phase
16 Reference Sunal, C. S. & Haas, M. E. (2008). Social studies for Reference Sunal, C. S. & Haas, M. E. (2008). Social studies for the elementary and middle school grades: A constructivist approach. Boston, MA: Pearson Education.