Presentation on theme: "A nutrient is a. compound in food that. the body requires for"— Presentation transcript:
1 A nutrient is a. compound in food that. the body requires for A nutrient is a compound in food that the body requires for growth, maintenance, and functioning.Some nutrients provide energy for the body because they contain calories.Some nutrients help in growthand body functions.
2 Recommended Dietary/Daily Allowance The Government’s recommendations.A daily dietary intake that meets nutrient requirements.Maintains good health.Decreases risk todiet-related illness.
3 Carbohydrates Fat Protein Vitamins Minerals Water Types of NutrientsCarbohydrates Fat Protein Vitamins Minerals Water
4 Carbohydrates Function in the body? Body’s 1st source of energy. 4 calories per gram.Extra is stored as fat.Is it an energy nutrient? YES
5 Simple Carbohydrates Definition; Called “simple sugars”. Includes glucose.Found naturally in foods.Examples;Table sugar & honey.Candy & soda.Apples, melons, berries & oranges.Spinach, broccoli & carrots.Milk & ice cream.
6 Complex Carbohydrates DefinitionCombination of starch (energy) and fiber (helps with bodily functions).ExamplesBread, cereals, pasta,rice, potatoes, yams,corn & peas.Beans; chick peas,kidney & lima.
7 Fats (lipids) Function in the body? Provides energy (2nd source used). 9 calories per gram.Protect against injury (cushion).Insulates body.Carries Vitamins A, D, E & K.Is it an energy nutrient? YES
8 Saturated Fats “Bad fat” including Trans Fats. SOLID at room temperature.Some come from animal sources; meat, egg, cheese, butter & milk.Some come in the form of plants;coconut & palm oil.
10 Protein Body’s last source of energy. Function in the body?Body’s last source of energy.4 calories per gram.Contains amino acids; building blocks used to repair the body.Builds & repairs body tissue.Helps body function properly.Is it an energy nutrient? YES
11 Complete ProteinDefinition- provides the body with all the amino acids needed to build & repair.Found in; meat, fish, milk, eggs & cheese.
12 Incomplete ProteinDefinition; A protein source low in essential amino acids.Two or more incomplete proteins together provide adequate amounts of all the essential amino acids. (whole grain bagel with peanut butter)Food examples; Legumes (beans), nuts & whole grains.
13 Vitamins Definition- A substance made by plants or animals. Found in; fruits, vegetables & vitamin supplements.Functions1. Helps regulate important body functions.-digestion, absorption & metabolism.2. Required for growth & development.3. Helps with overall body function.
14 Water Soluble Vitamins Must absorb everyday, not storedTravels & used through body’s fluid .Released through urine.Vitamin BVitamin CFat SolubleVitaminsAbsorbed & stored into the body’s fatVitamin AVitamin D (sun)Vitamin EVitamin K
15 Minerals Substances that come from water & soil absorbed by plants. Humans absorb minerals from the plants they eat.The human body can not make mineral.FunctionHelps body grow & develop.Helps hydrate the bodyRegulate many vital body processes.Most important minerals include:-calcium –sodium –potassium iron
16 Water Most vital nutrient. Function Carries nutrients to your cells and removes wastes.Consume 6-8 cups a day.Body loses 6-8 cups through urine and sweat a day.