3 To Do for Today Learn about Vitamins and Minerals Do a Scavenger Hunt around the room to learn more about vitamins and minerals.
4 Vitamins What are they? What do they in our bodies? How do we get them into our bodies?What are some examples?
5 Vitamins Vitamins help the body to grow and develop normally. Humans require 13 different vitamins each affecting the body in a different way.
6 2 Kinds of VitaminsFat Soluble- Vitamins A, D, E, KCan be stored in body; excess not excreted, potential for toxicityProvided through dietary intake except for Vitamin D (“sunshine vitamin”Water Soluble -Vitamin C, B ComplexCannot be stored in body, provided by dietary intake
7 Set up your notes as follows to provide notes on important vitamins: Vitamin Why is it important? Where can you find it? Vitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K Vitamin C (5) B Vitamins
8 Minerals What are they? What do they in our bodies? How do we get them into our bodies?What are some examples?
9 MineralsInorganic elements that help the body to perform chemical reactions
10 Minerals Two main categories : The major minerals: body needs a sufficient amount to be healthycalcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and chloride.The trace minerals the body only needs small amountsiron, zinc, iodine, copper, manganese, fluoride, chromium, selenium, and molybdenum.
11 Set up your notes as follows to provide notes on important minerals: Mineral Why is it important? Where can you find it? Calcium Phosphorous Sodium Potassium Iron Zinc Iodine Copper
12 Vitamins and minerals scavenger hunt! You and your group will fill out your notes by cruising through the room to find the purpose and source of each vitamin and mineral that I named. Please use common sense and respect during this activity!
13 Vitamin A aka Retinol Helps vision Keeps skin healthy Deficiency: Night blindnessXerophthalmia
14 Vitamin D cholecalciferol Needed for strong teeth and bonesRegulates calcium and phosphorus metabolismDeficiency:Rickets – bone deformity
15 Vitamin E TocopherolAntioxidant role (prevents destruction of Vit. A & C)Protects cell membranes from damageProtects red blood cells (rbc)Deficiency:Reduced # of RBCNerve tissue damage in infants
16 Vitamin K Helps in clotting blood Found in green leafy vegetables Deficiency –Bleeding caused by prolonged clotting time
17 Vitamin C Helps keep gums, teeth, bones healthy Needed for wound healingDeficiency: Scurvy –swollen and bleeding gumsloose teethslow-healing wounds
18 B1 Thiamin B2 Riboflavin Helps cells use energy in foods Needed for healthy nerves
19 B3 Niacin B6 Pyridoxine Helps cells use energy in foods Needed for red blood cellsKeeps nerves healthyHelps cells use energy in foods
20 B12 Cobalamine Helps cells use energy in foods Needed for formation of RBCDeficiency – pernicious anemia
21 CalciumDeficiency:– osteoporosisHelps form strong bones and teeth
22 Phosphorus Magnesium Needed for healthy nerve cells Source: Nuts, wheat germ, brown rice, oats, barley, bananas, green leafy vegetables.Helps build strong bones and teethSource: Brewer's yeast, milk, cheese, sardines.
23 Sodium Potassium Helps nerves send signals Helps nerves send signals Helps keep fluid in cellsSource: All fresh fruits and vegetables, potatoes, bananas, whole grains, sunflower seeds.Helps nerves send signalsHelps keep fluid in cellsSource: table salt
24 Iron Zinc Helps red blood cells carry oxygen Source: Wheat germ, dark green vegetables, liver, sardines, lean beef, chicken.Needed for tissue growthSource: Nuts, seeds, beans, legumes, eggs, chicken, turkey, beef, lamb, wheat germ, shellfish, fish, oatmeal, baked potato, brown rice.
25 Iodine Copper Needed for healthy red blood cells Boosts immunity Needed by thyroid gland to control rate of energy used by cellsSources: Iodized salt, fish, kelp, seaweedNeeded for healthy red blood cellsBoosts immunitySource: Nuts, beans, peanuts, whole wheat bread, liver, lean beef
26 Vitamins and Minerals Exit Quiz 1. In the early 1900s, many children had a disease called rickets. Research showed that the children had a deficiency of a vitamin that is necessary for the proper formation of bones.Which of these vitamins was lacking in the diets of these children?vitamin Avitamin Cvitamin Dvitamin K
27 Vitamins and Minerals Exit Quiz 2 Vitamins and Minerals Exit Quiz 2. Which vitamin helps your blood to clot? 3. Which vitamin keeps your eyes healthy?