Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8.2 (pages 202 – 209). What Are Vitamins? Nutrients that made by living things, are required only in small amounts, and assist many chemical."— Presentation transcript:
What Are Vitamins? Nutrients that made by living things, are required only in small amounts, and assist many chemical reactions in the body. Vitamins do not provide you energy or raw materials of which your cells are made of.
2 Classes of Vitamins Fat-Soluble: Can be stored by the body. Water-Soluble: Cannot by stored in body so it is necessary to eat foods that supply them everyday.
Vitamin B1 Source: Pork products, liver, whole- grain foods, legues Function: Aids in carbohydrate use and nervous system function
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Source: Milk, eggs, meat, whole grains, dark green vegetables Function: Aids in metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
Vitamin B3 (niacin) Source: Poultry, meat, fish, whole grains, nuts Function: Aids in metabolism
Vitamin b6 Source: Meat, poultry, fish, whole-grain foods, green vegetables Function: Aids in metabolism or carbohydrates, proteins and fats
Vitamin B12 Source: meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, cheese Function: Maintains healthy nervous system and red blood cells
Pantothenic Acid Source: Organ meats, poultry, fish, eggs, grain Function: Aids in metabolism
Folate (folic acid) Source: Green leafy vegetables, legumes (beans) Function: Aids in formation of red blood cells and protein
Biotin Source: Organ meats, poultry, fish, eggs, peas, bananas, melons Function: Aids in metabolism
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) Source: Citrus Fruits, green vegetables, melons, potatoes, tomatoes Function: Aids in bone, teeth, and skin formation, iron uptake
Antioxidants Help protect healthy cells from damage caused by normal aging process as well as from certain types of cancers. Vitmain C and E are most powerful antioxidants
Minerals Nutrients that occur naturally in rocks and soils. Plants absorm minerals form rocks and soil through their roots. 24 different minerals have been shown to be essential for good health.
Calcium Source: Milk and milk products, dark green leafy vegetables, tofu, legumes Function: Helps build and maintain bones and teeth, nerve and muscle function, blood clotting
Phosphorus Source: Meat, eggs, poultry, fish, legumes, milk and milk products Function: Helps build and maintain bones and teeth, energy metabolism
Magnesium Source: Leafy green vegetables, legumes, nuts, whole-grain food Function: helps build bones and protein, energy metabolism, muscle contraction
Sodium Source: Table salt, processed food, soy sauce Function: Halps maintain water balance, nerve function
Chlorine Source: Table salt, soy sauce, process foods Function: Helps maintain water balance, digestion
Potassium Sources: Vegetables, fruits, meat, poultry, fish Function: Helps maintain water balance and make protein, functioning of hear and nervous systen
Iron Source: Red meats, seafood, legumes, green leafy vegetables, fortified cereals, dried fruits Function: Part of red blood cells, helps in energy metabolism
Vitamin & Mineral Supplements People who eat a wide variety, well balanced diet seldom suffer deficiencies. Overdose of fat-soluble vitamins can cause vitamin poisoning. Overdose of water-soluble vitamins will be excreted by body.
Water About 65 percent of your body weight is water Nearly all of the body’s chemical reactions, including those that produce energy and build new tissues, take place in water solution.
Water and the body Primary component of blood and tissue Carries dissolved waste products out of body Regulates body temp Contains ELECTROLYTES that regulated many body processes (muscle contraction)
10 Reasons to Drink Water 10 Reasons to Drink Water Water is absolutely essential to the human body’s survival. A person can live for about a month without food, but only about a week without water. Water helps to maintain healthy body weight by increasing metabolism and regulating appetite. Water leads to increased energy levels. The most common cause of daytime fatigue is actually mild dehydration. Drinking adequate amounts of water can decrease the risk of certain types of cancers, including colon cancer, bladder cancer, and breast cancer. For a majority of sufferers, drinking water can significantly reduce joint and/or back pain. Water leads to overall greater health by flushing out wastes and bacteria that can cause disease. Water can prevent and alleviate headaches. Water naturally moisturizes skin and ensures proper cellular formation underneath layers of skin to give it a healthy, glowing appearance. Water aids in the digestion process and prevents constipation. Water is the primary mode of transportation for all nutrients in the body and is essential for proper circulation.
How much water should you drink? Minimum 10 eight ounce cups of water for female Minimum 14 eight ounce cups of water for male
Sports drinks & Exercise Recommended to drink 2 cups of fluid 2 hours before exercise. Do not need sports drink and carbs associated with it unless you are exercising 60 mins or more