Presentation on theme: "FRITZ LTs and EQs for WWII. Day 1: 4/7 Cold War: What to do with Germany? LT1: Students will be able to read and answer questions regarding what happened."— Presentation transcript:
Day 1: 4/7 Cold War: What to do with Germany? LT1: Students will be able to read and answer questions regarding what happened to Germany following WWII. LT2: EQ1: How was Germany dealt with following WWII? EQ2: What happened at the Yalta Conference? Potsdam Conf?
Day 2: 4/8 Cold War: Containment/Iron Curtain LT1: Students will be able to read and answer questions regarding what happened to Germany following WWII. LT2: EQ1: What did the term “iron curtain” mean? EQ2: What was President Truman’s policy on communism?
Day 3: 4/9 Cold War: Containment- Korea LT1: Students will be able to answer questions regarding the “Best Years” LT2: EQ1: What happened in Korea? How were the Soviets and Chinese involved? EQ2: What was Joseph McCarthy’s claim? What industry did he claim was dominated?
Vocab terms to know Iron Curtain- Dividing Europe into 2 separate areas. Symbolize- Soviet efforts to block itself and satellite states from contact with West and non-Soviet areas. Containment- an effort to block the Soviets’ attempts to spread their influence by creating alliances and supporting weaker countries. Satellite Nations- countries dependent upon and dominated by the Soviet Union Truman Doctrine- Truman asked Congress for $400 million in economic and military aid for Turkey and Greece. Why? US should support free peoples throughout the world who were resisting takeovers by “armed minorities” or “outside pressures”
Vocab terms to know Marshall Plan- Provide aid to all European nations that needed it. Saying that this move was directed “not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos”- NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization Defensive military alliance- an attack on one would be an attack on all. Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal. Berlin Airlift- Soviet Union holds West Berlin hostage. Cut off all traffic into W Berlin. See map. No supplies let in- starvation Attempt to stop the Western alliance from trying to reunify Germany Airlift: Fly food and supplies into West Berlin. 327 days, planes took off and landed every few minutes. 2.3 million tons of supplies- Food, fuel, medicine, Xmas presents
Day 4: 4/10 Cold War: McCarthyism / 2 nd Red Scare LT1: Students will be able to explain the fear of communism in the United States through the Red/Green dot game LT2: Students will identify the meaning of McCarthyism and the impact he had on America through lecture and political cartoons EQ1: Why were so many Americans accused of being communists? EQ2: How did McCarthyism impact the lives of Americans? Take out notebooks- Title and Date
Red Dot Green Dot Game Red Dot = Communists Green Dot = Non Commie Do not let anyone see what color dot you have or you are disqualified You are trying to get the largest group without any communists in it. Larger the groups = more extra credit points Smaller groups gain less extra credit points Do not get any points if a communist is in the group The communists gets the points of the group if they infiltrate it
2 nd Red Scare 1947-1954 Following WWII, increased fear of the spread of communism- Abroad and in the USA Especially espionage* in the US government and other social areas. There really were Americans (in the government even) who were spying for the Soviet Union. Senator Joseph McCarthy led the charge against finding the communists McCarthyism- practice of making accusations of disloyalty or treason without proper regard for evidence
McCarthyism Intense anti-communist suspicion in the USA. Thousands of Americans were accused of being communists Government employees Entertainment industry Educators Union activists Pair-Share: Why do you think these people were accused?
McCarthyism What is the meaning of this depiction of McCarthy? https://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=MnUf30oefQw
Fallout of McCarthyism Discuss with partners: What do you think happened to these people McCarthy questioned and accused of being communists? Destroyed careers Loss of jobs Imprisoned Most of tactics used by McCarthy were found illegal and so most people who were accused were found innocent Do you think everything was fine with these people afterward?
Hollywood 10 10 motion picture producers, directors, screenwriters who appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee. Refused to answer questions- accused of contempt of Congress (preventing Congress from doing their job) Blacklisted from the film industry – most never employed in Hollywood again Wrote under false names or names of friends in the industry Over 300 directors, commentators, actors, writers were blacklisted (boycotted) by the studios
McCarthyism- Committee on Un-American Activities What is going on in this picture?
Decline of McCarthyism Initial popularity “Reds in our churches” Investigates the army Television hearings Bullying people – cruel, manipulative, and reckless
Day 5: 4/11 Cold War: Korean War LT1: Students will identify the causes of the Korean War through reading and answering questions LT2: Students will describe Korea now and then EQ1: Why were so many Americans accused of being communists? EQ2: How did McCarthyism impact the lives of Americans? Take out notebooks- Title and Date