3 Introduction Some websites allow users to download files such as: Application programs: programs that allow the user to perform specific tasks such as word processing.Upgrades to programs that add features or fix bugs (faults in the program).Software drivers: programs that are used to control peripheral devices such as printers.Development tools: software that can be used for writing programs or creating material such as webpages.
4 IntroductionFreeware: are downloadable programs that are free to download and use.Shareware: are programs that are free to download and try but should be paid for if the user wishes to continue to use them.
5 IntroductionWebsites can be created by anyone who has the necessary programs and equipment.When the website creator creates their website, they publish it (copy it to a web server computer).This is referred to as ‘putting up the site’.
6 IntroductionEvery website has a web address that takes the user to the first page of the website (homepage).The web address usually starts with ‘www’ and end with domain name extension and country code.The parts of the web address are separated by dots.
7 IntroductionSometimes the web address used is not the actual address of the website. When the address is typed into a browser program, the browser is automatically redirected to the actual web address.This is usually done by the ISP.
8 IntroductionWebpages are created by adding HTML (hyper text markup language) tags to plain text to determine the way that the webpage will be displayed in a browser program and to create hyperlinks.Webpages can be created using a very basic wordprocessor program known as a text editor.
9 IntroductionSpecial programs are available that allow the user to create webpages without knowing about HTML e.g. Netscape Composer.This program is part of the package of programs for managing websites called Netscape Communicator.
10 IntroductionA website owner can register their website on a search engine. This means that they submit their web address and details of their website to be included in the search engine database (to be listed on the search engine).One of the best known search engines is called Yahoo.As well as providing a search engine, websites such as Yahoo provide a variety of facilities including enabling users to form newsgroup clubs that discuss various topics using .
11 IntroductionAfter a website has been created and published, the creator should update the webpages frequently to improve the website, keep information up to date and make sure that the hyperlinks still connect to existing websites.It is common for an address to be provided on the website to allow users to contact the website creator to provide feedback about the website.
12 A static website is a website that does not change its content A static website is a website that does not change its content. It displays the same information for all users.Static web pages are often HTML documents stored as files in the file system and made available by the web server over HTTP.
13 A dynamic web page is a kind of web page that can change its contents in response to different conditions for each individual view.It is not static because it changes with the time (ex. a news content), the user (ex. preferences in a login session), the user interaction (ex. web page game).In dynamic websites, the content is retrieved from a database and is placed on a web page when needed or asked.
14 IntroductionCreating a professional website requires more than just publishing webpages. It needs to be planned carefully.This involves a number of stages including:Analysing the demand and other related websites.Designing the webpages and the overall structure of the website.
15 IntroductionPublishing and advertising the website including registering it on search engines and getting other websites to create links to it.Evaluating the website after it has been published by using user feedback and statistics on the use of the website.