Presentation on theme: "Managing deteriorating patients: rural registered nurses’ performance in a simulated setting. The FIRST2ACT Patient Deterioration Program A/Professor Dr."— Presentation transcript:
Managing deteriorating patients: rural registered nurses’ performance in a simulated setting. The FIRST2ACT Patient Deterioration Program A/Professor Dr Simon Cooper – Director of Research. School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Victoria, Australia And McConnel-Henry T. Cant R. Porter J. Kinsman L. Endacott R. Scholes J.
Managing deteriorating patients Background Patient deterioration –High acuity – general wards –‘Failure to rescue’ – Suboptimal care (SOCCER) –Medical Emergency Teams –De-skilling Situation awareness –cockpit crews –perception, understanding, projection Simulation –Safe repetition of skills –Matching reality –Scarcity of student placements
Study series 1.A systematic review of simulation in nursing – Cant & Cooper 2010 2.Nursing students’ knowledge, skill, and situation awareness. Cooper et al 2010 – NBV funded 3.Management of deteriorating women – Cooper et al – current. Equity Trustees: Walter Cottman Fund 4.Management of deterioration in rural hospitals. Cooper et al – current. Gippsland – Monash University Grant 5.Simulation in midwifery – a national review – Bogossian et al – current. Health Workforce Australia 6.Team management of deterioration in rural hospitals. Cooper et al – Contract research funding 7.Current: Development of on line/DVD patient deterioration simulated learning program. ALTC
Managing deteriorating patients Study 4: Management of deterioration in a rural hospital setting Aim To assess registered nurses’ ability to manage patient deterioration using measures of: –Knowledge –Situation awareness –Skill performance. –Pre-post intervention notes review to assess the impact of the intervention (FIRST2ACT)
Managing deteriorating patients Participants: registered nurses from a rural hospital ward (n=41) –35 were recruited (1.5 hour session) Instruments and intervention 1.Validated MCQ focussing on ‘ABCs’
Managing deteriorating patients Instruments: 2. Two videoed simulations (for each participant) AMI – high information low uncertainty (easiest) COPD – low information – high uncertainty (hardest) Both patients deteriorated significantly at the 4 minute mark and ran for 8 minutes
Managing deteriorating patients Instruments 3.Situation awareness (17 questions at end of scenario using SAGAT) >Global e.g. is suction available? >Physiological e.g. what is the heart rate? >Comprehension e.g. what do you think is wrong? >Projection e.g. what do you think may happen to the heart rate? 4.Video review ‘photo elicitation’ (to elicit decision points and strategies) 5. Performance feedback 6.Evaluation 7.And to assess the impact of the training intervention - time series analysis –examining vital signs documentation, and frequency and oxygen delivery. Notes review included 258 before 242 after intervention.
Managing deteriorating patients Results MCQ: The average total score was 67% (range 27 – 91%) Skill performance: an average score of 50% (range 26-74%). –However skill performance decreased significantly between the first and second halves of each scenario (p=0.003) despite the obvious cues in the later stage of each scenario.
Results Situation awareness scores also averaged 50% with poor perception of the situation especially recall of vital signs Overall A wide range of performance in line with previous study of student nurses (however knowledge scores were significantly lower than students p=0.006)
Results –Notes review (time series analysis). Post intervention significant improvements in > appropriate frequency of observations (p=0.025) >administration of oxygen (p=0.05) >and charting of pain scores (p=0.001)
Managing deteriorating patients Summary Application of knowledge was an issue Performance decreased as patients deteriorated (including fewer vital sign measurements) Situation awareness was generally low However the training FIRST2ACT did have a significant impact on performance
FIRST2ACT (Feedback Incorporating Review and Simulation Techniques to Act on Clinical Trends) 1. Developing core knowledge - classroom based learning 2. Assessment: stimulus for learning- Knowledge test 3. Simulation High fidelity kinesthetic skills development 4. Reflective Review Photo elicitation 5. Performance Feedback Debriefing
Summary Application of knowledge issues: –Failures to practice in realistic settings (clinical skills teaching) –Workplace culture – ‘we don’t do it like that here’ –Performance decrement when anxious –Skill decline issues Repetitive high fidelity and high stakes simulation, including teaching of inductive and comparative clinical reasoning, (chunking/trends) are essential The FIRST2ACT program does have an impact on practice.
ANY QUESTIONS Cooper S. Cant R. Porter J. Bogossian F. McKenna L. Brady S. Fox-Young S. Simulated based learning in midwifery education: a systematic review. Women and Birth. In Press Buykx, P., Kinsman, L., Cooper, T., McConnell-Henry, T., Cant, R., Endacott, R. & Scholes, J. FIRST2ACT: Educating nurses to identify patient deterioration - a theory-based model for best practice simulation education. Nurse Education Today. In Press McKenna, Cooper et al. Is simulation a substitute for real life clinical experience in midwifery? A qualitative examination of the perceptions of educational leaders. Nurse Education Today. In Press Bogossian F, Cooper S et al. Simulation based learning in Australian midwifery curricula: Results of a national electronic survey. Women and Birth. In Press Cooper S. Buykx P. McConnell-Henry T. Kinsman L. McDermott S. (2011) Simulation: can it eliminate failure to rescue Nursing Times. 107; 3; Jan 25-31. Endacott R. Cooper S. Scholes J. Kinsman L. McConnell-Henry T. (2010) When do patient signs become cues? Detecting clinical cues of deterioration in a simulated environment. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 66(12), 2722–2731 Cant R. & Cooper S. (2010) Simulation-based learning in nurse education: systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 66, 1, 3-15. Cooper S. Kinsman L. Buykx P. McConnell-Henry T. Endacott R. Scholes J. (2010) Managing the Deteriorating Patient in a Simulated Environment: Nursing Students’ Knowledge, Skill, And Situation Awareness. Journal of Clinical Nursing. Vol 19, Issue 15, 2309-2318