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Research at the EU level – decision making and money flow

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Presentation on theme: "Research at the EU level – decision making and money flow"— Presentation transcript:

1 Research at the EU level – decision making and money flow
Vladimír Šucha Comenius University Ministry of Education - Coordination of the EU Affairs

2 Structure of the presentation
The EU at glance – brief intro into the EU institutions Research within the EU paragraphs Why research at the EU level Structure of the Framework Programme and decision making process Other sources at the EU level Next Framework Programme

3 EU Institutions Committee of the Regions Court of Auditors
Court of Justice Committee of the Regions Economic and Social Committee The Council of Ministers The European Parliament The European Commission

4 European Commission DG RTD/Research
Research policy, framework programme design and implementation DG Joint Research Centre In house scientific/research based advise for policy making + other DGs like INFSO, TREN, SANCO…

5 History 1957: EURATOM treaty; Joint Research Centre set up
1983: ESPRIT Programme 1984: First Framework Programme ( ), followed by 4 successive Framework Programmes 1987: “European Single Act” - science becomes a Community policy 1993: Treaty on European Union (Maastricht) - objective of “promoting research activities for other EU policies” 1999 Amsterdam Treaty simplifies produced 2004: Constitution for Europe – horizontal importance of research

6 The Community Budget

7 Budgets of the EU Framework Programmes

8 WHY research in Europe?

9 WHY research in Europe? Historical aspect Currently
Support of the EU industry – competitiveness Applied research, industrial research only Currently Social cohesion, knowledge economy Change in the philosophy of the support Basic research is coming on the EU floor

10 WHY research in Europe? Lisbon process Target – knowledge economy
Key words Target – knowledge economy Tool – science, education and innovation

11 Background %GDP for RTD GDP per capita (Euro) Reachest regions
of the EU %GDP for RTD GDP per capita (Euro)

12 Weakness of the European Reseach

13 European research area
2,8% 1,9% US EU SR 0,65% Annual Difference 120 billions

14 European research area
Fundamental differences between European and US research 1. European is less intensive 2. European is less integrated

15 European Research and Innovation Area
Key words of the ERA Increase of intensity of the European Research Technology Transfer More integration for the European research

16 Horizontal priorities
Synergy and coordination of research activities Support for partnerships Human potential in research and mobility

17 Instruments for the RTD support at the EU level
The only instrument is the Framework Programme (legal base) Codesion!

18 Instruments Instruments for the RTD support at the national level using the EU money Structural funds

19 New financial perspective
Framework programme Currently we have 6th FP Next Framework programme is under preparation New European budget New financial perspective

20 The Community Budget

21 EU budget Cohesion 31 % Competitiveness 293 % Euro Year

22 Indirect Actions – most of money
Framework programme The EU Treaty – non nuclear The Euratom Treaty - nuclear Direct Actions Indirect Actions – most of money

23 Specific Programmes FP7 2007 - 2013 +
Cooperation – Collaborative research Ideas – Frontier Research People – Human Potential Capacities – Research Capacity + JRC (non-nuclear) JRC (nuclear) Euratom

24 Cooperation – Collaborative research
9 Thematic Priorities Health Food, agriculture and biotechnology Information and communication technologies Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies Energy Environment (including climate change) Transport (including aeronautics) Socio-economic sciences and the humanities Security and space + Euratom: Fusion energy research, nuclear fission and radiation protection

25 Cooperation – Collaborative research
(Collaborative projects; Networks of Excellence; Coordination/support actions) Joint Technology Initiatives Coordination of non-Community research programmes (ERA-NET; ERA-NET+; Article 169) International Cooperation

26 Ideas – Frontier Research
ERC – European Research Council Commission Approval of work programme, as defined by the Scientific Council Instruction to implement work programme Approval of annual implementation report Information to programme committee Scientific Council* Externalised tasks (exec. agency)** * Created by Commission decision * * Under the responsibility of the Commission

27 People – Human Potential
Initial training of researchers Marie Curie Networks Life-long training and career development Individual Fellowships Co-financing of regional/national/international programmes Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Scheme International dimension Outgoing International Fellowships; Incoming International Fellowships International Cooperation Scheme; Reintegration grants Specific actions Excellence awards

28 Capacities – Research Capacity
Research Infrastructures Research for the benefit of SMEs Regions of Knowledge Research Potential Science in Society Activities of International Cooperation

29 FP7 budget (EUR billion, 2004 constant prices)
JRC Euratom Capacities Cooperation People Ideas

30 FP7 2007-2013 ‘Cooperation’ budget

31 FP7 Timetable

32 Decision making process 37 Directorate Generals & Services
Council of the EU European Parliament Co-decision Policy proposal European Commission 37 Directorate Generals & Services

33 In the decision making process We should not wait what will come out
What is behind? Uaa! We need to Take part In the decision making process We should not wait what will come out ?

34 Decision making process 37 Directorate Generals & Services
Council of the EU European Parliament Co-decision Policy proposal European Commission 37 Directorate Generals & Services

35 Implementation European Commission is body fully responsible for implementation of the FP The only way how to ensure the interests of the MS is via Programme Committees Budget Calls, key words

36 Opportunities for young researchers

37 Opportunities Individual fellowships – Marie Curie
Members of the consortia SSA – Specific support actions Joint Research Centre COST INTAS

38 The JRC Mission The JRC provides scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies … …functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the EU…… …serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private and national."

39 Structure of the JRC 7 Institutes in 5 Member States
IRMM – Geel, Belgium - Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements Staff:  250 IE – Petten, The Netherlands - Institute for Energy Staff:  180 ITU – Karlsruhe, Germany - Institute for Transuranium elements IPSC - IHCP - IES – Ispra, Italy - Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen - Institute for Health and Consumer Protection - Institute for Environment and Sustainability Staff:  350, 250, 370 IPTS – Seville, Spain - Institute for Prospective Technological Studies Staff:  100 7 Institutes in 5 Member States Total staff: ~ 2200 people

40 JRC Work Programme 2003-2006 Food, Chemical Products and Health
Environment and Sustainability Nuclear Safety and Security S&T Foresight Reference Materials and Measurements Public Security and Antifraud

41 Thank you for your attention and I hope you are still alive

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