Symptoms of Malware Pop-up adds increase Home page changes without your consent Unusually S-L-O-W system Screen image does unusual things (upside down/reverses) Rude messages may appear Unknown icons appear in the bottom of the screen bottom of the screen
MALWARE Name of the “bad stuff” that gets into your computer. And there is all kinds of bad stuff out there!!
Adware is annoying. But serious danger to your computer lies in Viruses & Spyware
VIRUS Computer viruses, like biological viruses, can replicate themselves.
Serious Consequences of Viruses Virus - a hidden program that reproduces and destroys portions of a computer’s storage, memory or network: Infects files (hard drives & floppy drives) Invades operating systems Targets memory storage (RAM & boot sectors)
SPYWARE malicious tracking of software that users are unaware of.
Serious Consequences of Spyware Spyware - hidden software that tracks user’s Internet habits: Can lead to identity theft! Steals personal information & address book Uses your computer as a secret server to broadcast undesirable files (i.e., pornography)
How can I prevent it? Passwords Don’t know = Don’t open Avoid Spam Advertised Products Pop-up Boxes Use Safe Browsers –Firefox / Opera
How can I prevent it? Install security software /$$$ –Anti-virus –Anti-spyware –Firewall
How can I prevent it? Download /install security updates and patches
Computer Clean-Up Remove any programs that you do not need or did not add. Restart your computer in safe mode. Disable the system’s restore. Clear the cache of cookies. Run a virus scan. Update the computer’s virus protection. Back up your files.
REFERENCES Department of Academic Information Technology. (2007). Malware: The Enemy Within. 1-4. Retrieved from http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu Retrieved from http://www.brooklyn.cuny.eduhttp://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu McAfee, Inc. (2008). McAfee’s 10-Step Internet Safety Plan for Your Family. [Power Point Slides]. Retrieved from Online Web Site: http://usmcafee.com/en- us/local/docs/McAfeeInternetSafetyPlan.pdf http://usmcafee.com/en- us/local/docs/McAfeeInternetSafetyPlan.pdfhttp://usmcafee.com/en- us/local/docs/McAfeeInternetSafetyPlan.pdf Mystic Network Solutions. How Do I Remove Viruses From My Computer?. Retrieved March 2, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://mysticnetworks.com/uploads/How_Do_I_remove_viruses_from_my_computer. http://mysticnetworks.com/uploads/How_Do_I_remove_viruses_from_my_computer Net for Beginners. (2009, January). Spyware-Malware 101. 1-2. Retrieved from http:// www.netforbeginners.about.com www.netforbeginners.about.comwww.netforbeginners.about.com NewsTiger Direct. (2007, January). Viruses, Spyware and Malware. 1-10. Retrieved from http://www.news.tigerdirct.com/2007 http://www.news.tigerdirct.com/2007http://www.news.tigerdirct.com/2007 Primeweb Computer and Website Services. Computer Clean Up Tutorial. Retrieved March 2, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.primeweb.ca/docs/computer_clean_up_tutorial.doc http://www.primeweb.ca/docs/computer_clean_up_tutorial.doc
REFERENCES CONTINUED Spyware Prevent Guide. Retrieved March 2, 2009 from: http://geekgirls.com/security_spyware_prevention.html http://geekgirls.com/security_spyware_prevention.html Ten Steps to Malware Prevention. Retrieved March 2, 2009 from: http://www.malwarehelp.org/ten-steps-to-malware-prevention-part-1.html University of Vermont. Safe Computing Malware Clean-up Guide. January 18, 2005. http:// www.uvm.edu/cit/safecomputing/MalwareRemovalGuide. www.uvm.edu/cit/safecomputing/MalwareRemovalGuide