Eureka Question 12 Name all of the objects that are found in our solar system and describe how they move in relation to each other.
Answer: Star, planets, comets, asteroids, meteoroids, satellites, space junk, moons All orbit the Sun!
Eureka Question 13. List the 8 planets in order from the Sun.
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
Name the 2 movements that the Earth makes and describe each. How often is each movement made? Eureka Question 14
Answer: Rotation - Earth spins on its axis; once every 24 hours Revolution - Earth orbits around the Sun; once every 365 1/4 days
Eureka Question 15 Why is it cold in the winter and hot in the summer? Draw the position of the Earth in orbit around the sun during each season.
The tilt of the Earth causes the seasons. When the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun, it is summer. When the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, it is winter.
Eureka Question 16 Draw and label the position of the Earth, Sun, and Moon during the following: full moon new moon half moon
Half Moon Sun What we see from Earth -New Moon – dark sky -Half Moon – half-lit Moon -Full Moon – whole-lit Moon
Eureka Question 17 Draw the positions of the Earth, Sun, and Moon during a solar eclipse. Describe what you see during a solar eclipse.
Answer You see the atmosphere (corona) of the Sun. It looks like a black circle over the Sun with the edges of the Sun around the circle. Solar Eclipse
Eureka Question 18 Draw the positions of the Earth, Sun, and Moon during a lunar eclipse. Describe what you see during a lunar eclipse.
Answer As the Moon moves into the Earth’s shadow, the Moon is no longer able to reflect light back to the Earth, so it looks like the Moon is disappearing
Eureka Question 19 Draw the positions of the Earth and the moon during high tide. How many high and low tides are there each day?
In general, there are 2 high tides and 2 low tides everyday. Draw the diagram below
Eureka Question 20 What influences does the Sun have on the tides?
When the Sun, Moon, and Earth are in line, high tides are the highest, and low tides are the lowest. These are called spring tides. When at right angles, the tide heights are ‘tempered’ or lessened. These are called neap tides.