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Physical Description East/Southeast Asia

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Presentation on theme: "Physical Description East/Southeast Asia"— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Description East/Southeast Asia
SSWG5 The student will describe the interaction of physical and human systems that have shaped contemporary South Asia, Southeastern Asia, and Eastern Asia. a. Describe the location of major physical features and their impact on the regions of Asia. b. Describe the major climates of each region and how they have affected each region’s development. c. Analyze the impact of the topography and climate on population distribution in the regions. e. Analyze the impact of population growth in the region on both the region and on other regions of the world; include China, India, and Japan.

2 East Asia & SE Asia/Background
Includes 4 major areas: China, Mongolia, Taiwan (1) Japan, North/South Korea (2) Mainland SE Asia (3) Islands SE Asia (4)

3 Landforms /China, Mongolia, Taiwan
world’s 3rd largest country Mountains cover 40% of China’s land area Himalayas located in SW with Nepal and Bhutan Includes Mount Everest on border

4 Landforms/China, Mongolia, Taiwan continued
Mongolian Plateau (1) makes up most of country elevation from 3,000-5,000 ft Gobi Desert (2) Extends from north-central China into Mongolia—bare rock/gravel Gobi means “waterless place” Taiwan Eastern coast has high, steep mts Western coast flatter Located near tectonic plates/earthquakes common

5 Bodies of Water/China Plains and river valleys in eastern China hold large amount of population Area receives most rain 3 major rivers: 1. Huang (Yellow) River 2. Chang (Yangtze) River 3. Xi River

6 China, Mongolia, Taiwan/Climate
Influenced by Asian monsoon season Dry winter winds blow from the Asian interior to the coast Winds can be bitterly cold Can cause typhoons in summer SE China/Taiwan --- mild humid subtropical climate NE China --- humid continental Western China --- dry highland climate Mongolia---high continental— very cold, dry winters, mild summers

7 China/Natural Resources
Huge amounts of resources World’s leading producer of coal, lead, tin, and tungsten Most important reserves are located in north and northeast Oil and natural gas found in many areas Only 10% of China has fertile land Chang River important for rice fields


9 Japan/The Koreas/Landforms
4 main islands/thousands of smaller ones 70% is mountainous Longest mt range -- Japanese Alps Japan’s highest peak -- Mt. Fuji (12, 388 ft) Lies in the Ring of Fire 1500 earthquakes can occur in Japan every yr Almost 200 volcanoes and 1/3 are active

10 Japan/The Koreas/Landforms
Korean Peninsula 600 miles long Same size as Utah Mostly hills/low mts Most people in the Koreas live on a coastal plain on the west coast

11 Japan’s Natural Resources
Japan lacks many mineral and energy resources Have to import most minerals and resources Ex: oil, coal, timber, iron, and aluminum

12 Mainland SE Asia Includes Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam 3 major landform regions: Rugged mountains in north (Himalayas & Plateau of Tibet) (1) Plains & plateaus in Thailand and Cambodia (2) River valleys & deltas (3)

13 Mainland SE Asia continued
Mekong River is largest in region Flows through Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam Area holds tropical rain forests

14 Island Southeast Asia Includes Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Singapore Area contains more than 20,000 islands Shaped by tectonic activity Many seas/narrow straits separate islands Strait of Malacca: lies between island of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula Major shipping route for area

15 Climate of SE Asia Tropical climate Area affected by monsoons
inches of annual rainfall Area affected by monsoons High precipitation Typhoons affect Philippines Area has many tropical rainforests

16 Natural Resources SE Asia
Tropical rainforests used for timber Mahogany, teak and ebony Iron, manganese, tin, and tungsten Export sapphires and rubies Large exporters of rice Opium is grown in mountains of Myanmar, Thailand, and Laos

17 Tsunami Tsunami: catastrophic ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake, coastal landslide, or volcanic eruption Japanese for “harbor wave” Travels up to 500 mph in deep water Tsunami warning systems have been created to detect hazards Begin warnings after underwater earthquakes that register 7.0 or higher Estimates path, magnitude, and arrival time of tsunami

18 Tsunami of 2004 Most destructive tsunami ever recorded
Hit (Sumatra) Indonesia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Somalia Caused by 9.0 earthquake in Indian Ocean off Sumatra’s coast Sumatra is largest island in Indonesia Waves that hit Sumatra were between feet high 2 hrs after the earthquake, 30 foot waves hit the shores of India and Sri Lanka

19 Tsunami of 2004 continued More than 225,000 people were killed
200,000 dead in Sumatra 1000’s in Thailand, India, and Sri Lanka Deaths in Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Somalia 1000’s dead were tourists to the area Tsunami lasted 7 hours and spread to Eastern Africa


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