Presentation on theme: "ASEAN WORKING GROUP ON WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (AWGWRM)"— Presentation transcript:
1 ASEAN WORKING GROUP ON WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (AWGWRM) Feed back from ASEAN Working Group for“ASEAN IWRM Country Strategy GuidelinesIWRM Monitoring Status Guidelines for ASEAN Countries”Updated July 2010
2 Feed Back From ASEAN Countries CountryKey IssuesMalaysiaMyanmarSingaporeIndonesiaVietnamLaoCambodiaBruneiThailandPhilippineWaterSupply/NORESPDIrrigationStorm Water ManagementNo RespondFlood ManagementWater Pollution ManagementSanitation Management
3 Monitoring Indicators Water SupplyCountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippinesPercentage of population having access to piped drinking waterIn the Philippines, the extent of water supply and coverage and population access to safe drinking water and sanitation services cannot be fully ascertained as monitoring systems and linkages still to be strengthened or developed.Based on estimates made by Moore (2006), out of the 80% water supply coverage only 76 % are having piped connections, On the other hand, Worldbank Report (2005) showed that the population with formal access to safe drinking water is around 79% distributed as follows: 44% with individual house connections, 10% with shared connections through communal faucets and 25% relying on shared point sources without distribution.The extension of coverage has not kept pace with the growing population in the last few decades. According to the Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation of UNICEF and WHO, access to an improved source of water supply actually decreased from 87% in 1990 to 85% in 2004.In order to address the MDG targets on access to potable water supply the Philippine Water Supply Roadmap was formulated that identified short and long term programs/plans. As regards to the availability of updated and validated information and baseline data on water supply coverage, a sector assessment study is currently being conducted.
4 Monitoring Indicators Water Supply cont.CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont….Average hour of water supplied per dayPer capita domestic water consumptionGenerally 18 – 24 hoursCurrently there is no standard information on the number of hours the different water service providers are operating. It varies depending on the guidelines imposed by regulatory agencies and the condition of water service providers and sources of water supply.For Metro Manila, served by the two private concessionaires (Maynilad and Manila Water) water is being supplied 24 hours a day or less depending on the area being served.In other urban areas, Water District’s water is supply water for less than 24 hours a day.Private water service providers being regulated by the National Water Resources Board (NWRB), the water supply hour is only 8 hours however, actual operation could be less.VariableIn a 2004 sample of 45 water service providers, the NWRB found an average consumption of 118 l/d/c. The highest consumption was recorded in the East Zone of Metro Manila with 232 l/d/c.
5 Monitoring Indicators Water Supply cont.CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont….Percentage of water supply meteredPercentage of UFW/NRWGenerally, water supply by piped connections is metered. At this point, we don’t have statistics of the percentage of water supply metered.Typically more than 20 %In the Philippines the provision of basic water services is the responsibility of various institutions and the consolidation of information on NRW of these water service providers could take time.Available information shows that the estimated NRW of the two concessionaires tasked to serve Metro Manila ranges from 20% to 66%. On the other hand, for provincial urban water services Water Districts’ average NRW is 26%.MalaysiaPercentage of population having access to piped drinking waterPercentage of water deliver (cu.m) to customer meeting WHO guidelines for drinking water quality91.6 %Urban – 96.8%Rural – 86.5%100%All water supplied through pipe network are produced in water treatment plant which is complied to the WHO standardRural area getting water from well or channeled from river or other water course are complied with minimum standard
6 Monitoring Indicators Water Supply cont.CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont….Average hour of water supplied per dayPer capita domestic water consumptionPercentage of water supply metered24 hrsAll water supplied through pipe network are available all the time202 l/c/d is a national average100%Domestic – 64.9%Commercial – 35.1%MyanmarNo respondThailandVietnamLaoCambodiaBruneiSingaporeIndonesia
7 Monitoring Indicators IrrigationCountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippinesPercentage of irrigated area versus the total potential irrigable area49% as of 2008The government has undertaken the biggest reform initiative on the irrigation sector for the last 30 years. The government intensified its program on rehabilitation, repair and restoration of irrigation systems.The government through the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) is currently undertaking the following programs:Irrigation Sector Restructuring and Reform, to support the implementation of a rationalization plan for NIA and the strengthening of its institutional capacity to deliver efficient irrigation services;Irrigation Infrastructure Development, to improve the delivery of irrigation services in at least 58 selected NISs through rehabilitation with modernization ; andProject Management and Coordination, to provide support for an efficient coordination, implementation and management of the project, including strengthening the financial management and procurement functions and the establishment and operation of the monitoring and evaluation system for the project.As of December 31, 2008, the total service area developed was 1,519,942 ha or 49% of the estimated potential irrigable area of 3,126,340 ha. Of this area, 748,593 ha are under NIS, 554,020 ha in CIS and 217,329 ha in private irrigation systems (PIS). The remaining potential area to be developed is still 1,607,073 ha. The estimated potential irrigable area those primarily devoted to rice and corn and up to 3% slope.
8 Monitoring Indicators Irrigation cont.CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiaPercentage of irrigated area versus the total potential irrigable areaPercentage of irrigated area with water quantity measuring devicesIrrigation in Malaysia has been directly linked to the nation’s rice industry. The total physical paddy area (irrigated and non-irrigated) in Malaysia is about a 26,400 hectares in About 236,600 hectares or 55 per cent of the total paddy areas in the country are provided with extension irrigation and drainage facilities while the remaining are rain-fed areas.Of the irrigated areas, 204,370 hectares in Granary Areas which have irrigation canal intensity of more than 18 m/ha and the government target to increase canal intensity to m/ha providing irrigation canal to tertiary level.To achieve the country’s rice Self Suffiency Level (SSL) of 90 % the government plan to increase land and water productivity through planning and construction of small dams, reservoirs, diversions structures or pump station. Recycle of water from drainage system and rehabilitate, upgraded of irrigation canals.Efficient water use requires measurement of the waterused in both gravity and pressurezed systems. 86 per cent of irrigated areas mostly in Granary Areas (204,370 hectares), have some form of water quantity measuring devices placed at strategic locations in both open channels and closed conduits in the irrigation system.
9 Stormwater Management CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiaAny policy on managing stormwaterAny legislation on managing stormwaterAny regulatory agencies to control stormwaterAny formal institutional arrangements among related agencies to manage stormwaterUse of computer modelling tools to model stormwater quality and quantityAvailability of design manual/code of practices for stormwater managementArahan Kabinet (Jun 2001)Kuasa Menteri (2009)Arahan MSAN UBBLAkta Jalan, Parit Dan Bangunan 1974 (Akta 133)Enforcement:Local Authorities (PBT) and Department of Environment (DOE)Regulatory: LUAS, DID, PBT, DOESIRIM, Institut Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan, REDACS, UTMInfoworks, ArcGIS, MapInfoUrban Storm water Management Manual (MSMA)SPAH (Rainwater Harvesting System)DID Submission Checklist
11 Monitoring Indicators Flood ManagementCountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippinesAny steps taken to implement Integrated Flood Management (IFM) approaches in the countryPercentage of high risk flood-prone areas in the country covered by early flood warning and response systemsStill in the process of coordinating with concerned agencies on this matter.MalaysiaMalaysia has taken the Integrated Flood Management (IFM) approach in managing floods. In 2009, a seminar on IFM with the theme “Living with Flood Risks” was jointly organized with WMO, Cap-Net and Malaysia Water Partnership (MyWP) for stakeholders and practitioners in flood management. The purpose of the seminar was to ensure the target group understand the concept of IFM and apply it in solving flood problems.The DID, has taken the elements of IFM in preparing Flood Management Master Plan(FMMP), first by considering the whole river basin in terms of water resources and water cycle. FM measures include structural measures and non structural measures such as flood hazard maps, river corridor management, flood forecasting and flood warning systems. Flood emergency management is already in place.Stakeholders and community interactions before drafting Flood mitigation systems still needs improvement.
12 Monitoring Indicators Flood Management cont.CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysia cont….Percentage of high risk flood-prone areas in the country covered by early flood warning and response systemsPercentage of high risk flood-prone areas in the country covered by a real time flood monitoring information systemPercentage of annual national budget allocated to flood managemenAny legislation on river conservation70 %We have setup more than 335 early flood warning and response system namely siren system, flood information board, and flood forecasting models around the country including Sabah and Sarawak.90 %We have been monitoring real time flood information system by using online web-base known as Infobanjir (infobanjir.water.gov.my) in which we setup about 300 stations for water level and rainfall telemetry station at all around the country. These also include more than 30 locations of the real time web-cameras installed at the strategic locations.RM7.56 on a period ofFunds for flood management are through the National Development budget. For the period , the Government has allocated RM7.56 billion for flood mitigation projects.There is available legislation for a component of river conservation provided in the country but it is not comprehensive. There is Water Act 1920 and Water Enactment for Federal Government and State Government respectively. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia is now drafting the water resources policy and legislation in the country.
13 Monitoring Indicators Flood Management cont.CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysia cont….Percentage of high risk flood-prone areas in the country covered by early flood warning and response systemsPercentage of high risk flood-prone areas in the country covered by a real time flood monitoring information systemPercentage of annual national budget allocated to flood managemenAny legislation on river conservation70 %We have setup more than 335 early flood warning and response system namely siren system, flood information board, and flood forecasting models around the country including Sabah and Sarawak.90 %We have been monitoring real time flood information system by using online web-base known as Infobanjir (infobanjir.water.gov.my) in which we setup about 300 stations for water level and rainfall telemetry station at all around the country. These also include more than 30 locations of the real time web-cameras installed at the strategic locations.RM7.56 on a period ofFunds for flood management are through the National Development budget. For the period , the Government has allocated RM7.56 billion for flood mitigation projects.There is available legislation for a component of river conservation provided in the country but it is not comprehensive. There is Water Act 1920 and Water Enactment for Federal Government and State Government respectively. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia is now drafting the water resources policy and legislation in the country.
14 Monitoring Indicators Flood Management cont.CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysia cont….Any formal institutional arrangements among related agencies to manage floodsDID under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE) is responsible in planning, implementation, monitoring and valuation of flood mitigation projects for floods due to riverbank overflow or storm water discharge. Local authorities will solve floods due to ineffective local drainage.Policies or matters on floods involving two or more agencies are discussed in the National Water Resources Council headed by The Prime Minister or the Permanent Commission on Flood Control headed by the Minister of NRE.Flood Relief Machinery is headed by the Deputy Prime Minister. These committees provide platforms for all agencies involved in flood mitigation formulation and flood disaster to work together.MyanmarNo respondThailandVietnamLaoCambodiaBruneiSingaporeIndonesia
15 Water Pollution Management CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippinesAny policy on water pollution controlAny specific legislation for the management of water quality and wastewaterYesThe Clean Water Act enacted in 2004 and its IRR. The law pertains to water quality management in all water bodies and shall primarily apply to the abatement and control of pollution from land-based sources.Philippine Environmental Code 1977 (Waste Management provision) – established standards for air and water quality, and guidelines for land use, natural resources, groundwater and waste management.In addition, the DENR through the EMB have policies on water pollution control through the issuance of Department Administrative Order. Likewise, Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA) managing the Laguna Lake Basin has set of water pollution policies.The Clean Water Act enacted in 2004 pertains to water quality management in all water bodies and shall primarily apply to the abatement and control of pollution from land-based sources.Philippine Environmental Code 1977 (Waste Management provision) – established standards for air and water quality, and guidelines for land use, natural resources, groundwater and waste management. It also provides management policy for the prevention, control and abatement of water pollution
16 Water Pollution Management cont… CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont…Any specific financial support programme for controlling water pollutionsYesGenerally funding for controlling water pollutions comes from the government.However, there are agencies like the Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA) that introduced market-based instrument such as the Environmental User Fee Systems (EUFS) to address environmental problems and generate revenue to help support environmental management programs.The LLDA launched the EUFS in January 1997 covering all enterprises within their jurisdiction that discharges wastewater in the Laguna de Bay system. The EUFS includes commercial/industrial establishments; agro-based industries/establishments (such as swine farms and slaughter houses); clustered dwelling (i.e. residential subdivisions) as well as domestic households. However, EUFS for households is still under development.Other market-based instruments similar to EUFS are already implemented in some areas which generate revenue for supporting environmental management programs.Likewise, the Clean Water Act of 2004 which provides the implementation of a wastewater charge system in all management areas including the Laguna Lake Region and Regional Industrial Centers through the collection of wastewater charges/fees. The system shall be established on the basis of payment to the government for discharging wastewater into the water bodies. The system is now being implemented in the Laguna Lake Region and other areas.
17 Water Pollution Management cont… CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont…Any formal institutional arrangements among related agencies to manage water pollutionAny public/private sector partnership and participation in managing water pollutionYesUnder the Clean Water Act, Water Quality Management Area (WQMA) with governing board compose of multi-sectoral group will be designated. To date, one governing board was already established out of the three designated pilot WQMAs.Philippine Sanitation AllianceThe Alliance helps reduce water pollution and diseases. It is a public-private partnership that unites Philippine cities, private companies, business associations, government agencies, U.S. and international nongovernmental organizations and international agencies, including the World Bank Water and Sanitation Program.It aims to bring together the public and private sectors to achieve a common goal of protecting human and environmental health in the Philippines.
18 Water Pollution Management cont… CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont…Any river water quality monitoring information system/databaseYesThe Environment Management Bureau (EMB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is continuously conducting regular water quality monitoring on classification of inland surface bodies. This classification are Class AA – waters intended as public water supply requiring only disinfection to meet the Philippine Standards for Drinking Water (PNSDW); Class A- waters suitable as water supply requiring conventional treatment to meet PNSDW; Class B- water intended for primary recreation; Class C- waters for fishery, recreation/boating and supply for manufacturing processes after treatment and Class D- waters intended for agriculture, irrigation, livestock, watering etc.Another water quality monitoring for selected surface water bodies is also being conducted by EMB covering parameters such as Dissolved Oxygen (DO); Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BDO); Total Suspended Solids (TSS); and Total Dissolved Solids (TDS).On the other hand, the LLDA is also conducting monitoring activities in the rivers that drain into Laguna de Bay. It is a vital component of the River Rehabilitation Program of the agency, the result of which are used to determine the effectivity of the program being implemented in correlation to improving the lakes water quality.
19 Water Pollution Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiaAny policy on water pollution controlYesIt is not explicity stated but the policy intention is there within the National on Environment (NPE).The NPE states that the nation shall implement environmentally sound and sustainable development for the continous economic, social and cultural progress and enhancement of the quality of life of Malaysians.It is based on eight inter-related and mutually suporting principals and where watter is concerned will include the sustainable use of water resources, conservations of river’s vitality and diversity, and the continous improvement of its water quality.The National Policy on the Environment has seven green strategies that are directed towards sustainable development. The key areas for the seven green starategies are:Education and AwarenessEffective management of natural resources and the environmentIntegrated development planning and implementationPrevention and control of pollution and environmental degradationStrengthening administrative and institutional mechanismsProactive approach to regional and global environment issuesFormulation and implementation of Action Plans
20 Water Pollution Management cont… CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont…Any specific legislation for the management of water quality and wastewaterAny specific financial support programme for controlling water pollutionsYesThere are more than 30 Associated Laws in Environmental Management with at least 26 other agencies with more tha 30 pieces of legislations are dealing with various of sources of pollution. But the principal legal instruent to control water pollution in Malaysia is the Environmental Quality Act (EQA), However, the EQA is applicable to industrial discharges and sewage. EQA is an enabling piece of legislation for preventing, abating and controling pollution and enhancing the environment via provisions on Effluents Standards and Environmental Quality Standards.Other related laws which have provisions to deal with pollution from other land based activities and also related to water quality management in Malaysia for conservation of water quality are as listed below:Specific AreaSelangor Water Management Authority Enactment, 1999Kedah Water Resources Management Enactment, 2008Sabah Conservation of The Environment Enactment, 1999Sabah Water Resources Enactment, 1998National Resources and Environment Ordinance Sarawak, 1994Specific Sector (Peninsular Malaysia)AgricultureIrrigation Areas Act,1953Drainage Works Acts,1954ForestryNational Forestry Act (1964)
21 Water Pollution Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont…Any specific financial support programme for controlling water pollutions . cont……Control Of RiverWater Acts 1920, Reviewed, 1989River Rights Enactment of PerakKelantan River Traffic Enactment, 1955Pahang River Launches Enactment 6/49Land ManagementNational Land Code, 1965Land Conservation Act, 1960Earthwork by lawsDomestic Water SupplyWater Services Industry Act, 2006MiningMining Enactment, 1936FisheryFisheries Act, 1963Local and Regional PlanningTown and Country Planning Act, 1976OthersLocal Govermnet Act, 1976Street Drainage Building By Law (1974,1994-R)Geological Survey ActMinisterial Function Act, 1969
22 Water Pollution Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont…Any specific financial support programme for controlling water pollutions . cont……Specific for state of Sabah and SarawakAgricultureDrainage and Irrigation , Sabah Ordinance 15/1956Drainage Works Ordinance Sarawak, Cap 126Control of RiverSarawak Water OrdinanceSarawak Riverine Transport Bill (1993)Land ManagementSabah Land Ordinance, 1930Sarawak Land Code, 1958Domestic Water SupplyWater Services Industry Act, 2006MiningMining Enactment , 1960 SabahMining Enactment, 1949 SarawakLocal and Regional PlanningTown and Country Planning Enactment , Sabah Cap 141Town and Country Planning Sarawak Cap 87OthersLocal Authority Enactment, Sabah Ordinance 11/1961Local Authority Ordinance Sarawak Cap 117
23 Water Pollution Management cont… CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont…Any specific financial support programme for controlling water pollutionsAny formal institutional arrangements among related agencies to manage water pollutionYesEnforcement on the discharges of effluent from the sources subjected to the EQA 1974 and monitoring of water quality as well as the environmental awareness programmes and trainings are mainly implemented using both operating and development budget.The set-up for the formal institutional arrangements among related agencies to manage water pollution are done through meetings and integrated enforcement activities, integrated contingency plan and others to incorporate all the relevant agencies to response to certain water pollution issues.Specific set up includes the Water Resources Council , formation of special committees to manage and resolve specific issues sucj as pollution control from sewage, palm oil industries and as well as water supply, Integrated River Basin Management Committee, One-Stop Agency, etc
24 Water Pollution Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont…Any public/private sector partnership and participation in managing water pollutionYesPartnership and participation of public/private sector in managing water pollution is through :-Training modules to help private sector to prepare themselves inaccordance with Doe requirementsSeminars and workshopsAwareness programme and CampaignCertification CoursesAttachment ProgrammesCollaboration programsThe programmes includes organizing courses on Environmental Management and Pollution Control under the Malaysia Technical Corperation Programme (MTCP), Third Country Training Programme (TCTP), collaboration with the Judicial and Legal Training Institute, Malaysia Royal Police College , Malaysia Maritime Enforcement Agency, etc
25 Water Pollution Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont…Any river water quality monitoring information system/databaseAny river water quality master plan at national and local levelsYesRiver water quality monitoring was implemented since 1978 by the Department of Environment to detect water quality changes and identify pollution sources. Water samples from 1063 monitoring stations covering 577 rivers were analyzed and Water Quality Index (WQI) computed based on 6 parameters of pollutants. These values serves as a basis for environmental assessment information/ database of a water course in correlation to pollution load categorization and designation of classes of beneficial uses as provided for under the National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS)The water quality database is maintained in the DOE and status of river water quality is published every year in the Environmental Quality Report.Only for selected river basins which DOE have conducted detailed study under the River Pollution Prevention and Water Quality Improvement Programmes whereby a set of strategies and action plan was formulated to prevent water pollution and improve water quality for each river basin.
26 Water Pollution Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiacont…Any river basin master plan for relocating the highly polluting industries in a river basinAlthough there is no exclusively river master plan at national and local event but for DOE, the environmental inputs were provided to other agencies in relation to development activities as a proactive measure to prevent river pollution.Establishment of new industrial activities which are not subjected to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), particularly the Small and Medium Scale Industries (SMIs) area advice to refer ti the Department of Environmental for consideration and advice in suitability. This will ensure that a high polluting industry In a river basin is properly located in the designate area(zone) or proper pollution control measures are taken into consideration if it is to be collected outside an industrial zone. The guideline for the Sitting and Zone of Industries will be applied.For establishment that subjected to EIA, the report will be assessed to evaluate the impact on the environment before approval is given. This will ensures that the project potential problems are foreseen and address at an early stage in the project planning and design.
27 Water Pollution Management cont… CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMyanmarNo respondThailandVietnamLaoCambodiaBruneiSingaporeIndonesia
28 Sanitation Management CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippinesAny policy on urban/rural sanitation and sewerage systemsYesThe following are the existing laws, policies, regulations on urban/rural sanitation and sewerage systems:National Plumbing Code 1959 (wastewater provision) - Guidelines, criteria and standards for the design and construction of sanitation and sewerage facilitiesDepartment of Health Circular, PD 522, IRR No 220 Series of Sewage from house plumbing system shall be connected to a public sewerage system, if available, or to a septic tank.Sanitation Code of the Philippines provides guidelines on sewerage collection and disposal, excreta disposal and drainage, with IRRPhilippine Environmental Code 1977 (Waste Management provision) – established standards for air and water quality, and guidelines for land use, natural resources, groundwater and waste management.Local Government Code Devolves provision of basic services and facilities to LGUs, including sanitation, sewerage and flood control.National Policy on Urban Sewerage and Sanitation of 1994 (NEDA Board Resolution No. 5) – Giving high priority to improved urban sanitation and sewerage. Contains national policy, strategy and action plan for urban sewerage and sanitationNational Building Code 1997 and its IRR contains certain provisions on wastewater disposal and drainage. It requires the connection of new buildings to sewerage system.Clean Water Act contains provision on National Sewerage and Septage Management Program.
29 Sanitation Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont..Any specific legislation on urban/rural sanitation and sewerage systemsPercentage of annual budget for sanitation and sewerage programme/projectsYesSanitation Code of the Philippines provides guidelines on sewerage collection and disposal, excreta disposal and drainage, with IRRNational Plumbing Code 1959 (wastewater provision) - Guidelines, criteria and standards for the design and construction of sanitation and sewerage facilities3 % of the total annual average budget of the water and sanitationsectorBased on the available data, a summary of investments made in the subsector since 1970 is estimated, assuming an allowance of about 25 percent for projects that were implemented by other government and private organizations (PTA's Sewerage for Boracay Environmental Infrastructure Project, projects implemented by land developers, NGOs, etc.). Investment in the sub-sector was estimated at P1.5 billion per year. This figure is 29 times less than the estimated P43.8 billion average annual investment for water supply projects. In other words, for every 97 pesos spent on water supply projects, only 3 pesos were spent on sanitation and sewerage projects.11 PHILIPPINES: Water Supply and Sanitation Performance Enhancement Project
30 Sanitation Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont..Any integrated national and provincial institutions to implement sanitation policiesAny private sector participation in providing sanitation services for the peopleYesThe Department of Health (DOH) formulates policies and provides technical assistance to Local Government Units (LGUs) on sanitation and environmental health while the LGU enforce the Code on Sanitation of the Philippines and recent environment and health legislation and policies; and provides basic sanitation sevices.Encouraging private sector investmentRepublic Act No of 1990 entitled “An Act Authorizing the Financing, Construction, Operation and Maintenance of Infrastructure Projects by the Private Sector and for Other Purposes,” manifested the government’s policy of greater private sector participation (PSP) in the provision of water and sanitation sector.Example of Private Sector ParticipationBoracay’s Sewerage FacilityBoracay is an island in Malay municipality renowned for its beaches that derives its main income from tourism. Triggered by the threat of pollution, the Philippine Tourism Authority (PTA) intervened and constructed a sewerage facility through a P100 million loan, payable in ten years, from Japanese aid agency OECF. The system was scheduled to be in service through a private operator by Legislation was passed allowing PTA to charge an Environmental Management Fee to visitors (P25 for foreigners, P10 for Philippine citizens). User fees will also be charged to business establishments and households. The sewerage system was planned to serve about 70 percent of the island’s population, as well as its main tourist areas.
31 Sanitation Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont…Any private sector participation in providing sanitation services for the people. Cont….Any comprehensive sewerage/sanitation master plan at national, regional and local levelsOther ExperiencesSome developers of subdivisions, Export Processing Zones, and other land intended for tenancy are now incorporating sewerage systems as a component, particularly those targeting the high-income market. Operation and maintenance are either supplied by private operators through management contracts or provided in-house using specially trained staff. Tariffs (following the “polluter pays” principle) from all connected establishments are collected monthly to cover the amortization and operating costs of the sewerage system, which usually includes collection, treatment and disposal facilities. Examples of such private systems are found in Mactan Export Processing Zone, Philippine Export Processing Zone in Cavite, Ayala Center, and Ortigas Center.YesWater Supply, Sewerage and Sanitation Master Plan (WSSSMP): This plan emphasized the commitment of the national government to provide for the basic needs of the population, especially in depressed areas. WSSSMP was the result of an extensive interagency undertaking that involved DPWH, DILG, NEDA, MWSS, LWUA and NWRB. WSSSMP set the framework and agenda for organized, unified action by policy makers and program implementers, at all levels of the government, to execute and manage water supply, sewerage and sanitation programs and projects throughout the country. WSSSMP was also intended to serve as an example and reference for the private sector and non-government organizations actually or potentially involved in the development of the sub-sector.
32 Sanitation Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont..Any comprehensive sewerage/sanitation master plan at national, regional and local levelsCont….Any effective regulatory framework to control the quality of wastewater discharges to water courses1994 National Urban Sewerage and Sanitation Strategy Plan (NUSS). The purpose of the sanitation program was to create a more effective institutional framework to guide policy and institutional reforms; and to propose an appropriate development strategy and investment plan to improve sewerage and sanitation coverage nationally.The Philippines’ Clean Water Act, passed in 2004, requires the preparation of a National Sewerage and Septage Management Program (NSSMP) as part of the country’s overarching National Sustainable Sanitation Plan. The NSSMP was envisioned to provide technology interventions and institutional and financial frameworks to guide local governments, water districts, and other project proponents through the process of developing infrastructure projects for managing wastewater in cities. Stakeholder consultation of the draft National Sewerage and Septage Management Program (NSSMP) is currently being undertaken.YesDENR DAO 34 and 35In 1990, the DENR also issued DAO 34 and 35. DAO 35 regulates the discharge of industrial wastewater effluents, while DAO 34 classifies bodies of water according to their beneficial uses. Together, DAOs 34 and 35 regulate the discharge of wastewater effluents into varying water bodies.
33 Sanitation Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippines cont…Any effective regulatory framework to control the quality of wastewater discharges to water courses.Cont…Any awareness/advocacy programme for stakeholders on the importance of proper sanitation and sewerage systemsDischarge Permits provided by the Clean Water ActThe DENR requires owners or operators of facilities that discharge regulated effluents pursuant to the Clean Water Act to secure a permit to discharge (DAO ). The discharge permit specifies the quantity and quality of effluent that said facilities are allowed to discharge into a particular water body, compliance schedules and monitoring requirements. A self-monitoring report of the company should also be submitted to the EMB. As part of the permitting procedure, the DENR encourages the adoption of waste minimization and waste treatment technologies when such technologies are cost effective. Effluent trading may be allowed per management area.YesManila Declaration gains Government’s Commitment on Advancing Sustainable Sanitation (Philippine Sanitation Summit 2006: A Call for Improved Access to Sustainable Sanitation)Representatives from the national executive and legislative agencies, local governments, non-government organizations, and other external support agencies shared their commitments and resources and responsive partnership for an improved access to sustainable sanitation in the Manila Declaration on the Advancement of Sustainable Sanitation and Waste-water Management in the Philippines
34 Sanitation Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionPhilippinesAny awareness/advocacy programme for stakeholders on the importance of proper sanitation and sewerage systemsCont…DENR Secretary Angelo Reyes, Health Secretary Francisco Duque III, Misamis Oriental Rep. Augusto Baculio, and NWRB Executive Director Ramon Alikpala led the signing of the Manila Declaration to accelerate the implementation of the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004, marking the highlight of the Philippine Sanitation Summit 2006 held last July 5-6 at the Heritage Hotel, Manila.Training for NGO’s on ecological sanitation in Rural and Peri-urban areas in the Visayas and MindanaoThe DILG-GTZ Water & Sanitation Program conducted for the first time training on ecological sanitation for local NGO’s from the Visayas and Mindanao. The 3-day training took place in Dumaguete and Bayawan City , Oriental Negros from April 24 to 26, 2007.It aims at promoting ecological sanitation not only to its partners but to all stakeholders. NGO’s play an important role in planning and implementing water and sanitation projects.
35 Sanitation Management cont. CountryMonitoring IndicatorsDescriptionMalaysiaAny comprehensive sewerage/sanitation master plan at national, regional and local levelsAny effective regulatory framework to control the quality of wastewater discharges to water coursesAny awareness/advocacy programme for stakeholders on the importance of proper sanitation and sewerage systemsYesThe National Sewerage Master Plan had been drafted at policy level and currently being reviewed by KeTTHA. Meanwhile detailed and comprehensive regional and local plans had been developed based on the district boundaries referring to Rancangan Tempatan for the respective districts.The regulatory framework adopted by SPAN to control the quantity of the wastewater discharges is through licensing. Where by class and individual licenses are issued to the sewerage treatment plants operators. These licenses are attached with KPI on the effluent compliance. The licenses can be revoked if the operators fail to operate and maintain the system by treating sewage to the prescribed standards. The wastewater quality is also regulated through the Environmental Quality Regulation (Sewage) 2009 by Department Of Environment.SPAN participate actively in the road shows and campaigns organized by operators and other agencies to advocate awareness in the water industry holistically. Currently SPAN also engage consultation with the NGOs and consumers group to engage and establish further the awareness level.