Presentation on theme: "Researching for a Debate. What is a debate? A debate is an argument. But rather than being a shouting match between two sides, a debate has strict rules."— Presentation transcript:
What is a debate? A debate is an argument. But rather than being a shouting match between two sides, a debate has strict rules of conduct, using sophisticated techniques. You may be put in a position where you must argue the opposite of what you believe in. This is an important part of the art of debating.
Exploring the Topic Define the topic – “plain” terms and get right to the point Be aware of the scope of the debate – What is included, what is not included Get a clear understanding of your position (Pro (for) vs. Con (against)) If in doubt, ask Mrs. Gallagher for clarification
Brainstorming Brainstorm ALL possible arguments for & against the topic Come up with as many arguments as possible to support your claim and to persuade others to agree with you Think about possible rebuttal (comeback) arguments Use graphic organizers
Importance of Research Arguments will be based on evidence, facts and statistics. Debaters will become familiar with the topic, which allows for better flow of ideas and better preparation for rebuttal arguments. Over-research. – Use several, diverse sources = the more supporting details you have, the better/stronger the argument
Evaluate your sources Think critically about the information you find. Remember that your opponent will be as well. Ask yourself some of these questions… Accuracy – Does the source seem correct? Do you need to cross check the information with a second source? Currency – Is this source up to date? How old is too old?
Evaluate your sources continued….. Objectivity Is this source opinion or fact? Is it unnecessarily partisan? Purpose What is the purpose of this source? Is it trying to inform, to sell, to promote? Authority Who is the author / publisher of this source? Is she/he a well-known researcher in the field? Is the information accepted by researchers? Is it valid or faulty opinions?
Get Organized to Debate Take lots of notes – Use index cards or paper that can easily be reorganized – Keep the notes short – Add personal comments – Include facts and statistics – Acknowledge your sources for credibility
Get Organized to Debate Develop a thesis statement (your main idea and focus) to guide your debate Formulate a plan for an introduction, presentation of evidence and conclusion
Thesis Statement A thesis statement is the basic argument advanced by a speaker or writer who then attempts to prove it; the subject or major argument of a speech or composition ww2.aps.edu/~apsedumain/CurriculumInstruction/glossary.htm A thesis statement: states the topic / main idea of the debate shows the purpose of the debate shows the direction of your argument is captivating
Introduction Your point must have a basic, clear introduction. You can open with a general thought or a personal commentary, but directly connect the intro to your thesis statement. Start by being strong and confident.
Evidence Gather at least four pieces of evidence to support your claim. Have information on each “sub topic” (additional supporting details) prepared ahead of time.
Conclusion Conclude your debate by disproving the opponent’s point. Strongly stating why they are incorrect. Reaffirm your position by repeating the highlights of your evidence. Strongly stating why you are correct. Restate your thesis.
Rebuttal (aka Comebacks) Do your research to be well-prepared for opposing arguments. Take notes of the points to rebut. Concentrate on the important points and use logic to show why the other side is wrong. Attack each argument that the opposition presents in sequence.
Debate Tips Have notes prepared, but do not let your debate become an oral presentation of a written essay. Practice speaking aloud in front of a mirror or other people. Understand both sides of the debate so that you are prepared to contradict the other side. Be ready to let go of small points. Concentrate on debating the main topics and prepared evidence.