Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Enabling frameworks that support a green economy transition Jo Puri United Nation Environment Programme.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Enabling frameworks that support a green economy transition Jo Puri United Nation Environment Programme."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enabling frameworks that support a green economy transition Jo Puri United Nation Environment Programme

2 increases human well-being, is socially inclusive, reduces environmental risks and ecological scarcities, is low carbon & resource efficient, is a pathway towards sustainable development. UNEP’s Green Economy:

3 US$ 162 billion on sustainable energies, US$ 122 billion in carbon markets trading Moving forward: In 2009: In 2020: US$ 2.2 trillion in the low-carbon energy market US$ 90 billion in forest carbon market However, transition to a GE needs a policy framework


5 CORRECTING THE MARKET FAILURE : Use of regulation & taxes, user charges, TPS, budgetary activities (e.g., PES), pricing, & voluntary initiatives. FACTS (UNEP) (2008) US$ 6.6 trillion of damages externalized (11% of global GDP) (2050) 62% on increase under BAU scenario Externalities prevent capital flowing into a green economy

6 Agriculture UK: GBP £ 5.16 billion Germany: US$ 2 billion China: US$ 1.4 billion (only pesticides) Waste-related health damages Palau: US$ 697,000 Tonga: US$ 450,000 Annual Externalities

7 Required Conditions: 1.Increased availability of finance 2.Strengthened governance for sustainability 3.Supportive market 4.Existence of green infrastructure 5.Increased information, training & awareness

8 Enabling Conditions I : Increased Finance FundsRoleMeasures Public Catalysing private investments: sharing risks at initial stages (e.g., grants, incubators, VC funds, production subsidies) guaranteeing infrastructure and services setting up environmental taxation (e.g., fees & charges, tradable permits) reforming subsidies Private Financing mature stages (e.g., loans, credit lines, guarantees) greening investments (e.g., ESG principles)

9 The Water Fund in Ecuador Protect water resources while ensuring water use in Quito (1.5 Million inhabitants) FONAG: Seed capital provided by IADB, USAID, Germany, Netherlands. In 2009, US$7 Million, 1800 farmers.

10 LevelMeasures International negotiate agreements e.g., trade, reform of international fishing laws, green technology transfer, climate change National set up rules, regulations, standards, prohibitions, ecosystem access laws, integrated planning, intellectual property rights improve technical and administrative capabilities, transparency and accountability effective enforcements of laws Enabling Conditions II : Governance

11 Reach food security while employing clean agriculture & renewable technologies Strong agricultural institutions for R&D and providing services, trained workforce, fully public financed initiative, integrated planning. 7 years: 20,000 to 2 Million tonnes of food. 384,00 0 jobs Urban Agriculture in Cuba

12 Public works programmes Policy structure (e.g., PFIs, PPPs, low interest loans, feed-in tariffs) Infrastructure (e.g., electricity grids, telecommunications services, institutions for research & services) Enabling Conditions III : Green Infrastructure

13 Removing Pesticide subsidies In Indonesia Phase out crop and health harming pesticide use. US$1.5 Billion in damage in the rice sector. Rice production grew by 3 M tonnes. National IPM Fiscal saving of US$100 Million

14 Data collection & analysis need to be improved (e.g., monitoring) Workforce needs to be trained (e.g., retraining schemes, workshops) Public awareness has to be built (e.g., educational initiatives, campaigns) Life-cycle costs have to be disseminated (e.g., label & certification schemes) Enabling Conditions IV: Information, Training, Awareness

15 ConditionsMeasures Governments Public funding (e.g., RD&D), green subsidies, public procurement Supported by policies Investment-grade policy design (e.g., long-term guarantees) Reflect true costs of good & services Reforming harmful subsidies, setting up environmental taxation, PES Enabling Conditions V: Supportive Markets

16 Recognize the provision of environmental services from forests. (4.2% pa loss) Established FONAFIFO (1997) Initially financed by fuel taxes. 0.9% net forest cover increase. Strong forest institutions, tax on fuel use, forest law, experience in forestry incentives Greening Forests – PES in Costa Rica

17 Natural capital: Agriculture Fisheries Forest Water Energy and resource efficiency: Energy Building Cities Manufacturing Tourism Transport Waste Enabling conditions & investments to green sectors

18 UNEP’s Green Economy Advisory Services R e s e a r c h – T h e G r e e n E c o n o m y R e p o r t B e n c h - m a r k i n g / i n d i c a t o r s A d v i s o r y s e r v i c e K n o w l e d g e p l a t f o r m ( O E C D, W o r l d B a n k, ) T O B E F I L L E D B Y K A M A L

19 Current Active Engagment

20 Thank You

Download ppt "Enabling frameworks that support a green economy transition Jo Puri United Nation Environment Programme."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google