Presentation on theme: "The Three Monotheistic Religions of the Middle East"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Three Monotheistic Religions of the Middle East JudaismIslamChristianity
2 Judaism- Ethnic Religion Began 1750 B.C.EFounders- AbrahamOrigin- Adam, Abraham, IsaacNumber of members- 14,500,000, this number is decliningRegion practiced- Israel, U.S., Russia
3 Judaism Religious leaders- Rabbi Holy Book- Torah (1st 5 books of the Old Testament)Language of Holy Book- Hebrew
4 Holy Book- Torah ( the 1st 5 books of the old testament) Genesis - Creation, the Fall, the Flood, spread of the nations, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Enslavement in Egypt.Exodus - Enslavement, Moses, 10 plagues, Passover, Leave Egypt, Red Sea Crossing, Mt. Sinai and the 10 CommandmentsLeviticus - Instructions on sacrificial system and the priesthood. Instructions on moral purity.Numbers - Still at Mt. Sinai, people make false idol, punishment, 40 years wandering begins.Deuteronomy - Moses' discourses on God's Acts for Israel the Decalogue, the ceremonial, civil, and social Laws, and covenant ratification.
7 JudaismHoly City- JerusalemSymbol- Star of David and Menorah
8 Judaism Dietary Law- no pork or shell fish Monotheistic- yes- Yahweh/ GodHoly day of the week- Friday & Saturday sun down
9 Judaism Rosh Hashanah- Jewish New Year Yom Kippur- Day of Atonement, is the most solemn and important of the Jewish Holidays. Its central themes are atonement and repentance.Passover- Passover begins on the 15th day of the monthHanukkah, the "Festival of Lights," starts on the 25th day of the Jewish calendar month of Kislev and lasts for eight days and nights. In 2008, Hanukkah begins at sundown on December 21. With blessings, games, and festive foods, Hanukkah celebrates the triumphs-- both religious and military--of ancient Jewish heroes.
10 Islam Islam Began- 620 C.E. Founder- Muhammad Origin- Adam, Abraham, Ishmael/ HagarMembers- 1,226,000,000Region- North Africa & Central Asia
11 Islam Islam Religious Leaders- Imam Holy Book- Qur’an (Koran) Language of Holy Book: ArabicHouse of Worship- Mosque
12 Islam Islam Branches- Sunni 83% and Shiite 16% Holy City- Jerusalem, Mecca (Kabba), MedinaSymbol- Quarter Moon and Star
13 Islam Dietary Law- No Pork or Alcohol Monotheistic- yes- Allah Holidays-Ramadan- fast during the 9th month of Lunar CalendarBijram- Celebrating friend of Muhammad’s fight for freedom. Celebrated 4 times a year.5 Pillars of faith:Ramadan,Hajj,Give alms or CharityPray 5 times a day facing holy city (Mecca)Profession of faithDietary Law- No Pork or AlcoholMonotheistic- yes- AllahHoly day of the week- Friday
14 Christianity Began- 50 C.E. Founder- Peter & Paul found the church Origin- Adam, Abraham, IsaacMembers- 2,039,000,000Region- E/W Europe, North America, Latin and South America
15 ChristianityReligious leaders- Pope, Priest, Preacher, Father, Minister, Reverend, Cardinal, Bishop, etc.Holy book- Bible- Old and New TestamentLanguage of Holy Book- Hebrew/ Greek