Presentation on theme: "Exercise - Discussion Walmart Exercise Teacher’s Statement: Walmart is not as good a place to shop as you might think. Defend Walmart. Take 5 minutes to."— Presentation transcript:
Exercise - Discussion Walmart Exercise Teacher’s Statement: Walmart is not as good a place to shop as you might think. Defend Walmart. Take 5 minutes to do this in class and be prepared present it to the class.
Students Rebutle: Walmart is the following things: Convenient; has excellent prices; a better selection and variety of goods; four convenient locations in Changchun; lots of car parking available; on bus routes; the best return / exchange policy of any retailer; established since 1996 in China; very good hours of operation Summary: Personal financial planning must also consider the non-monetary (human – personal) opportunity cost. Your examples show that shopping at Walmart can contribute to wise management of your financial resources.
Lesson 9Chapter 4 (Textbook) Setting Goals and the Financial Planning Process (CONTINUED) Setting Goals and the Financial Planning Process (CONTINUED)
Statement of Cash Flows. Where Does Your Money Go? A Statement of Cash Flows shows inflow and outflow for a given time period
How will you use a Statement of Cash Flows? It is a template / model. How will you will use the template in your life? Use it to analyze and begin modifying your spending, saving and investment plans. Scientists use models to experiment and improve the lives of humanity. Why shouldn’t you use a model to experiment with your resources and improve your life and the lives of the people you love?
Record cash inflows Net income from employment Savings and investment income Other sources (streams) of income
Record cash outflows Fixed and variable expenses Fixed: mortgage, car payments, pension contributions Variable: heat, water, electricity, gasoline, food, dining out, toys, clothing, vacations Some expenses are fixed for a period of time. Examples include providers of the following services: Insurance, internet, cell service.
Have you ever thought you were paying to much for a certain service? You may determine that another provider can offer the same service for less money, next year. You may switch. Net cash flows is the surplus or a deficit Define Surplus: excess Define Deficit: shortage
In-Class Exercise Using a T-Bar, create your own Statement of Cash Flow 1.The Month of October 2012 2.The Year of 2012 Many of these expenses have already occurred. Category examples include: TuitionBooksWinter Clothing Cell Phone Transportation Food Health Care Pets Supplies EntertainmentParking TicketsGasoline Hygiene Products Include estimates of the amount – do not worry about being exact!
Show students the next exercises and why they must do this in their own books now!
Debt Ratio = long term liabilities/total assets (commonly used for personal finances) This will be test question Debt ratio compares debt to assets. A lower debt ratio is better to have. The smaller the liability over the asset, the more you own. More is better. This ratio tells us how heavily the individual is financed.
Debt Ratio, is sometimes referred to as Debt to Asset Ratio and is the measure most commonly used by individuals to see how much they own as compared to how much they are borrowing.
Why is it important to know the difference? This ratio is a leverage measure that tells you how much of the business assets, including share holders equity is leveraged against long term debt. It does not consider current liabilities. Debt to Net Worth Ratio = Total Liabilities/Net Worth (commonly used for business) You will not be tested on this ratio The debt/equity ratio is more conservative and useful to help when considering the risk involved when investing money in a company. Perception of risk is increased. The debt/asset ratio is like a snapshot of an individual. An individual person does not risk their equity (assets) in order to earn money. Rather, the debt to asset ratio is like a picture of your financial position at this moment in time.
Liquidity ratio = liquid assets/monthly expenses Liquidity ratios show the number of months that living expenses can be paid without cash inflow A higher liquidity ratio is good Using your model, calculate the liquidity ratio for the examples you created earlier in this class.
Debt payments ratio = monthly credit payments/take-home pay Debt payment ratio should be below 20% Using your model, calculate the Debt Payment Ratio for the examples you created earlier in this class
Savings ratio = monthly savings/gross income Your savings ratio should be no less than 10%. Using your model, calculate the Savings Ratio for the examples you created earlier in this class
Purposes of a Budget In contrast to cash flow, which was a record of how you spent money in a past time period, a budget is a plan for spending in the future, such as for the next month. A budget helps you… 1.Live within your income. 2.Spend your money wisely. 3.Reach your financial goals. 4.Prepare for financial emergencies. 5.Develop wise financial management habits
Creating and Implementing a Budget Assessing your current situation. – Measure your current financial position. – Determine your needs, values and life situation. Steps in the budgeting process. 1 Set financial goals. 2 Estimate income from all sources. 3 Budget amount for an emergency fund, periodic expenses and financial goals. 4Budget set amounts that you are obligated to pay. These are your fixed expenses. BE SURE TO BUDGET FOR SAVINGS.
Creating and Implementing a Budget Steps in the budgeting process (continued). 5 Estimate amounts that are to be spend for household and living expenses. These are your variable expenses. 6 Record actual amounts for inflows and outflows, comparing actual amounts with budgeted amounts to determine variances. Deficits and surpluses. 7 Review your spending and savings patterns and evaluate whether revisions are needed in your savings and spending plans.
Characteristics of Successful Budgeting Well planned Realistic Flexible Clearly communicated
Saving to Achieve Financial Goals Common reasoning for saving include… 1. To set aside money for irregular and unexpected expenses. 2. To pay for the replacement of expensive items, such as cars or a down payment on a house. 3. To buy special items like recreational equipment or to pay for a vacation. 4. To provide for long-term expenses such as retirement or the education of children. 5. To earn income from the interest on savings for use in paying living expenses.
Savings Techniques-If I don’t see it, I won’t spend it 1.Payroll deductions into saving accounts 2.Automatic payments from checking into savings accounts or mutual funds 3.Saving regularly in retirement plan(s) personal/employer/government 4.Also save coins, make periodic deposits 5.Write a check each payday as a % of income and deposit into savings
Money Management & Achieving Financial Goals 1.Balance Sheet reports current financial position 2.Cash Flow Statement shows cash you have received and spent in the past 3.Budget helps you to spend and save to achieve financial goals
Bonus Marks = preparation for the test 1.Prepare a balance sheet for yourself 2.Prepare a detailed cash flow statement for last month 3.Prepare a monthly budget 4.Monitor the budget and show variances This must be typed – Handwritten submissions will not receive bonus marks.
Bonus 1.Do an online search to see if you can find the savings rate in China. 2.How does your family savings ratio compare to the average? Ask you parents if you like. Explain a little bit about their thought and ideas about savings. This must be typed – Handwritten submissions will not receive bonus marks.