2 MANAGER AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES STOBART AIR CARLISLE AIRPORT PRESENTED BYK PACKER,MANAGER AIR TRAFFIC SERVICESSTOBART AIRCARLISLE AIRPORT
3 Flight Information Service becomes Basic Service What is changing?Flight Information Service becomes Basic ServiceRadar Information Service becomes Traffic ServiceRadar Advisory Service becomes Deconfliction ServiceApproach Control Service becomes Procedural Service
4 What is not changing? Alerting Service Service within the ATZ Friendly service from Carlisle Tower
5 Why change?Prior to the ATSOCAS Review being initiated, AAIB and UKAB reports increasingly indicated either errors or a lack of understanding by both pilots and controllers.Feedback from CAA Safety Evenings highlighted frequent variances in service standards and provisions.There were differences between Military and Civil ATC provision of Radar Information Service (RIS) and Radar Advisory Service (RAS).For the first time military controllers will be working from a Civil Aviation Publication.
6 Why change?Some aspects of civil co-ordination phraseology has been harmonised with military phrases.Military controllers will soon be working from a joint civil /military phrase book.The contents of the packages had to be changed,You can not keep the same name if the rules have changed.ICAO use the name FIS for the whole range of services, so the UK could not use it for only one aspect!
7 Some of the key changesMore tightly defined conditions for passing traffic information under Basic Service;Change from 'separation' to 'deconfliction' - more than just a name change, a change in culture and attitude - 'best endeavours' rather than 'must always achieve a separation';Procedural Service brought into line with rest of ATSOCAS suite of services regarding deconfliction of aircraft, flight conditions, etc.;- Detailed information and guidance on duty of care;Defined RTF for provision of ATSOCAS.
8 Basic Service Flight Rules and Meteorological Conditions IFR or VFR any meteorological conditions.Identification Not requiredTraffic Information None – outside an Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ),
9 Basic Service Deconfliction – Pilots responsibility Terrain - Pilots responsibilityHeadings none, unless the pilot has entered into an agreementLevels none, unless the pilot has entered into an agreement
10 How will this be done at Carlisle (1) After departure ATC will request your operation area and level.After departure, if relevant general information will be given i.e. PA38 near Gt Orton, last reported at 1500 ft.If a controller considers that aircraft will be in close proximity, information may be issued to the pilot. The other aircraft requested to update their level and position information. The pilots are wholly responsible for collision avoidance.A request may still be made to report turning over a location to aid spatial awareness of other pilots.
11 How will this be done at Carlisle (2) We will expect you to update ATC with your position and level if you hear someone is likely to get close to you.We also provide an Alerting service, no change there. If we don’t get a report that we are expecting, we will take action. We obviously respond to your Pan or Mayday.With regard to flight within the ATZ, specific and, where appropriate, updated traffic information will be provided to aircraft operating in an ATZ.However students will not be spoon fed information on joining or leaving traffic as this will prevent them from developing a spatial awareness technique
12 Flight Rules/Meteorological Conditions IFR or VFR, VMC or IMC Procedural ServiceFlight Rules/Meteorological Conditions IFR or VFR, VMC or IMCIdentification - NoAircraft do not need to be identified in order for a Procedural Service to be provided.
13 The pilot is wholly responsible for collision avoidance. Procedural ServiceTraffic InformationIf it is considered that a confliction may exist, on aircraft being provided with a Basic Service .The pilot is wholly responsible for collision avoidance.
14 A controller shall provide deconfliction instructions by allocating Procedural ServiceDeconflictionA controller shall provide deconfliction instructions by allocatingLevels,Radials,Tracks,Time restrictions,Deconfliction from other Procedural aircraftDeconfliction advice cannot be provided against unknown aircraft
15 Terrain clearance would be achieved: Procedural ServiceTerrainTerrain clearance would be achieved:when following notified instrument approach procedures.when climbing to the ATC unit’s terrain safe levelHowever, if a pilot wishes to operate below ATC unit terrain safe levels, controllers shall advise the pilot of the terrain safe level and remind him of his terrain responsibilities.Pilot remains wholly responsible for terrain clearance at all times.
16 Lateral, Longitudinal and Time Restrictions Procedural ServiceLateral, Longitudinal and Time RestrictionsUnless safety is likely to be compromised, a pilot shall not change radial, track, or timeLevelsControllers will normally provide level allocations for positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima.
17 What will this mean at Carlisle Service principally aimed at : Procedural ServiceWhat will this mean at CarlisleService principally aimed at :IFR departures,NDB approaches,Flights in IMCRemember – NDB approach – there may be unknown traffic
18 PhraseologyIf a pilot fails to request a service, the controller should normally ask the pilot to specify the service they require, apart fromAs we do not have radar we will routinely apply a Procedural Service to aircraft carrying outIFR holding, approach and/or departure procedures;
19 Phraseology Generic Traffic Information When providing a Basic Service, the controller may provide traffic information ingeneral terms to assist with the pilot’s situational awareness
20 Basic Phraseology GRNCH, gliding activity over Skelling Farm’. GBJNN, multiple aircraft known to be operating 2 miles North of Anthorn’.GOECM, PA28 estimating DCS at time 25, altitude 2000 feet’.GCDRP, Hawk reported routing from Longtown tothe south below altitude 500 feet’.GJLIN, helicopter conducting power line inspection between Carlisle and Wigtown below altitude 500 feet’.
21 Phraseology - Traffic Service – Descent Below ATC Unit Terrain Safe Levels Pilot: ‘(Aircraft identity), request descent to altitude 1000 feet’.ATC: ‘(Aircraft identity), taking your own terrain clearance, descent approved’.Pilot: ‘My own terrain clearance, descent approved, (aircraft identity)’.
22 Traffic ServiceA Traffic Service shall only be provided by a controller with access to anATS surveillance system i.e. Radar
23 Traffic Service Flight Rules and Meteorological Conditions IFR or VFR and in VMC or IMCPilots should be aware that a Traffic Service might not be appropriate for flight inIMC when other services are available.IdentificationThe controller shall identify the aircraft, inform the pilot that he is identified, and maintain identity.
24 Traffic Service Traffic Information The controller shall pass traffic information on relevant traffic, and shall update thetraffic information if it continues to constitute a definite hazard,DeconflictionPilot is expected to discharge his collision avoidance responsibility without assistance from the controller.
25 Traffic Service Terrain Traffic Service may be provided below ATC unit terrain safe levels; however, pilots remain responsible for terrain clearance at all times.HeadingsA pilot may operate under his own navigation or a controller may provide headings forthe purpose of positioning, sequencing or as navigational assistance.
26 Traffic Service Levels Pilots may select their own operating levels or may be provided with level allocationsby the controller for the positioning and/or sequencing of traffic orfor navigational assistance.
27 DECONFLICTIONOnly be provided by a controller with access to an ATS surveillance system.IFR or VFR and in VMC or IMCA pilot who is not suitably qualified to fly in IMC shall not request a Deconfliction Service unless compliance permits the flight to be continued in VMC.IdentificationThe controller shall identify the aircraft, inform the pilot that he is identified
28 DECONFLICTION Traffic Information The controller may, subject to workload, pass traffic information on deconflictedtraffic in order to improve the pilot’s situational awareness.DeconflictionA controller shall provide traffic information, accompanied with a heading and/or levelaimed at achieving a planned deconfliction minima.
29 DECONFLICTION Terrain A Deconfliction Service shall only be provided to aircraft operating at or above the ATC unit’s terrain safe level,Unless when climbing to the ATC unit’s terrain safe level, or when following notified instrument approach procedures.
30 DECONFLICTION Headings A pilot may operate under his own navigation or a controller may provide headings forthe purpose of positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achievedeconfliction minima.LevelsControllers will normally provide level allocations for positioning, sequencing,navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima.
31 Basic Summary Rules & Weather IFR or VFR – IMC or VMC Identification Not requiredTraffic Information None – outside an Aerodrome Traffic ZoneDeconfliction – Pilots responsibilityTerrain - Pilots responsibilityHeadings none, unless the pilot has entered into an agreementLevels none, unless the pilot has entered into an agreement
32 Procedural SummaryRules/ Weather IFR or VFR, VMC or IMCIdentification - NoTraffic Information On a Basic Service aircraft. Pilot responsible for collision avoidance.Deconfliction A controller shall provide deconfliction from other procedural aircraftDeconfliction advice cannot be provided against unknown aircraft.Terrain Above the ATC unit’s terrain safe level or instrument procedureTrack and Time Pilot shall not change radial, track, or timeLevels ATC allocate levels
33 Traffic Summary Radar Rules and Weather IFR or VFR and in VMC or IMC Identification Aircraft identifiedTraffic Information Traffic information on relevant traffic,Deconfliction Pilot responsible for collision avoidanceTerrain May be provided below ATC unit terrain safe levels;Pilots remain responsible for terrain clearance at all times.Headings A pilot may operate under his own navigation headingAllocated only at or above an ATC unit’s terrain safe level.Levels Pilots may select their own operating levels
34 Deconfliction Summary Provision - RadarRules and weather - IFR or VFR and VMC or IMCIdentification - YesTraffic Information - On deconflicted traffic for pilot’s situational awareness.Deconfliction – 5NM laterally or 3000 ft vertically againstun-coordinated traffic3NM laterally or 1000 ft /500 ft vertically against known trafficTerrain - Only operating at or above the ATC unit’s terrain safe level,Headings - Own navigation or ATC provide for positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima.Levels - ATC for positioning, sequencing, navigational assistance, or to achieve deconfliction minima.
35 That’s all folks Further information Google CAP 774Carlisle ATC